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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 111 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Asia, the, (search)
urled three round shot ashore in quick succession. Lamb ordered the drums to beat to arms; the church-bells in the city were rung, and, while all was confusion and alarm, the war-ship fired a broadside. Others rapidly followed. Several houses were injured by the grape and round shot, and three of Sears's party were killed. Terror seized the inhabitants as the rumor spread that the city was to be sacked and burned. Hundreds of men, women, and children were seen, at midnight, hurrying from the town to places of safety. The exasperation of the citizens was intense; and Tryon, taking counsel of his fears, took refuge on another vessel of war in the harbor, whence, like Dunmore, he attempted to exercise authority as governor. Among the citizens led by Sears was Alexander Hamilton, then a student in King's College, eighteen years of age. The cannon were removed from the battery and fort, and were hidden on the college grounds. These did good service in the patriot cause afterwards.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bland, Theodoric, 1742-1790 (search)
Bland, Theodoric, 1742-1790 Military officer; born in Prince George county, Va., in 1742; was, by his maternal side, fourth in descent from Pocahontas (q. v.), his mother being Jane Rolfe. John Randolph was his nephew. He received the degree of M. D. at Edinburgh, returned home in 1764, and practised medicine. Bland led volunteers in opposing Governor Dunmore, and published some bitter letters against that officer over the signature of Cassius. He became captain of the 1st Troop of Virginia cavalry, and joined the main Continental army as lieutenant-colonel in 1777. Brave, vigilant, and judicious, he was intrusted with the command of Burgoyne's captive troops at Albemarle Barracks in Virginia; and was member of the Continental Congress in 1780-83. In the legislature and in the convention of his State he opposed the adoption of the national Constitution; but represented Virginia in the first Congress held under it, dying while it was in session. Colonel Bland was a poet as w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Clark, or Clarke, George Rogers -1818 (search)
Clark, or Clarke, George Rogers -1818 Military officer; born near Monticello, Albemarle co., Va., Nov. 19, 1752; was a land surveyor, and commanded a company in Dunmore's war against the Indians in 1774. He went to Kentucky in 1775, and took command of the armed settlers there. It was ascertained in the spring of 1778 that the English governor of Detroit (Hamilton) was inciting the Western Indians to make war on the American frontiers. Under the authority of the State of Virginia, and with some aid from it in money and supplies, Clark enlisted 200 men for three months, with whom he embarked at Pittsburg, and descended to the site of Louisville, where thirteen families, following in his train, located on an island in the Ohio (June, 1778). There Clark was joined by some Kentuckians, and, descending the river some distance farther, hid his boats and marched to attack Kaskaskia (now in Illinois), one of the old French settlements near the Mississippi. The expeditionists were
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), cradle of American liberty, (search)
). of Boston, who generously gave it to the town. The lower story was used for a market, and in the upper story was an elegant and spacious hall, with convenient rooms for public use. It was The Apollo room in the Raleigh Tavern. burned in 1761, when the town immediately rebuilt it. The engraving shows it as it was during the Revolution. The hall is about 80 feet square, and contains some fine paintings of distinguished men. The original vane, in the form of a grasshopper, was copied from that of the Royal Exchange of London. In 1805 another story was added to the original building. The name Cradle of liberty was also given to the Apollo room, a large apartment in the Raleigh Tavern at Williamsburg, Va., where the members of the House of Burgesses met after its dissolution by Governor Lord Dunmore in 1774. There they adopted non-importation resolutions, appointed a fast-day, and chose delegates to the First Continental Congress, which assembled at Philadelphia in September.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cresap, Michael 1742-1775 (search)
742; removed to Ohio in 1774, and after establishing a settlement below the present city of Wheeling, organized a company of pioneers for protection against the Indians; and, on April 26, declared war and defeated a band of Indians on the river. About the same time another party of whites massacred the family of the famous chief Logan, who hitherto had been friendly to the whites. Cresap was accused by Logan with having led the party which killed his family, but it was subsequently proved that Cresap was in Maryland at the time of the occurrence. Cresap received the commission of a captain in the Hampshire county militia in Virginia from Governor Dunmore. He joined the army under Washington, but ill-health forced him soon afterwards to retire from active service. He died in New York City, Oct. 18, 1775. Several publications have been issued since his death with the intention of relieving his memory from the reproach of having instigated the massacre of Logan's family. See Logan.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dunmore, John Murray, Earl of, 1732-1809 (search)
Dunmore, John Murray, Earl of, 1732-1809 royal governor; born in Scotland in 1732; was descens revealed the whole nefarious plot. He bore Dunmore's commission of colonel, and was directed to of the war. What is known historically as Dunmore's War was a campaign against the Ohio Indianstown on the Muskingum. They were followed by Dunmore, with 1,500 Virginians, who pressed forward aus, but lost seventy men killed and wounded. Dunmore was charged with inciting the Indian war and the Ohio country, alarmed at the approach of Dunmore, had hastened to make peace. Logan refused tarch, 1775) excited the official wrath of Governor Dunmore, who stormed in proclamations; and to fribled people sent a respectful remonstrance to Dunmore, complaining of the act as specially cruel atring for the defence of the inhabitants, when Dunmore, becoming alarmed, constructed batteries at rove him from the island. In this engagement Dunmore was wounded. Burning several of his vessels [9 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dunmore's War. (search)
Dunmore's War. See Cresap, MiCHAEL; Dunmore, John Murray, Earl of; Logan.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Flag, National. (search)
anuary, 1776, gives the following description of the flag of an American cruiser that had been captured: In the The New England flag. Admiralty Office is the flag of a provincial privateer. The field is white bunting; on the middle is a green pine-tree, and upon the opposite side is the motto Appeal to Heaven. The Culpeper men, who marched with Patrick Henry towards The Pine-tree flag. Williamsburg to demand instant restoration of powder to the old magazine, or payment for it by Governor Dunmore, bore a flag with a rattlesnake upon it, coiled ready to strike, with Patrick Henry's words and the words Don't tread on me. It is believed that the first American flag bearing thirteen red and white stripes was a Union flag presented to the Philadelphia Light Horse by Capt. Abraham Markoe, a Dane, probably early in 1775. A Union flag is mentioned as having been displayed at a gathering of Whigs at Savannah in June, 1775, probably thirteen stripes. The earliest naval flags exhibited
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibson, George 1747- (search)
s. These did good service throughout the war. A part of the time Gibson was colonel of a Virginia regiment. To obtain a supply of gunpowder, he went down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, with twenty-five picked men and a cargo of flour, ostensibly for trade, and returned with the desired ammunition. In the disastrous battle, Nov. 4, 1791, in which St. Clair was defeated, Colonel Gibson was mortally wounded, dying in Fort Jefferson, O., Dec. 14, 1791. His brother John was also a soldier of the Revolution; born in Lancaster, Pa., May 23, 1730; was in Forbes's expedition against Fort Duquesne, and acted a conspicuous part in Dunmore's war in 1774. He commanded a Continental regiment in the Revolutionary War, his chief command being on the western frontier. He was made a judge of the common pleas of Alleghany county, and in 1800 was appointed by Jefferson secretary of the Territory of Indiana, which post he held until it became a State. He died near Pittsburg, Pa., April 10, 1822.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Great Bridge, battle at the. (search)
Great Bridge, battle at the. On the invasion of the Elizabeth River by Lord Dunmore (November, 1775), Colonel Woodford called the militia to arms. Dunmore fortified a passage of the Elizabeth River, on the borders of the Dismal Swamp, where he suspected the militia would attempt to cross. It was known as the Great Bridge. There he cast up intrenchments, at the Norfolk end of the bridge, and amply supplied them with cannon. These were garrisoned by British regulars, Virginia Tories, negroes, and vagrants, in number about 600. Woodford constructed a small fortification at the opposite end of the bridge. On Saturday morning, Dec. 9, Captains Leslie and Fordyce, sent by Dunmore, attacked the Virginians. After considerable manoelig;uvring and skirmishing, a sharp battle ensued, lasting about twenty-five minutes, when the assailants were repulsed and fled, leaving two spiked field-pieces behind them. The loss of the assailants was fifty-five killed and wounded. Not a Virginia
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