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ld in cannon or arms, but every thing worth attention was carried off. Although the enemy claim to have captured thousands of arms and dozens of cannon, I need not add that this, for the most part, was all imagination. McClellan's loss has been placed at twelve thousand killed, wounded, and missing; and I think the estimate below reality. Among his killed were Generals Mansfield, Richardson, Hartsuff, and others; and among a fearful list of generals wounded were Sumner, Hooker, Meagher, Duryea, Max Weber, Dana, Sedgwick, French, Ricketts, Rodman, and others. It is almost unnecessary for me to say that McClellan claimed this battle as a great victory for the Union cause, but did not do so until fully assured of our retreat into Virginia. Why his boastful despatch to Washington was not penned before our retreat from Sharpsburgh is evidence sufficient to show that he still feared, and would not shout until he was out of the woods. In truth, the Northern press acknowledged that
son's camp, which I joined August 4, 1855, receiving a warm welcome from the officers. During the afternoon I relieved Lieutenant Hood of the command of the personal escort, and he was ordered to return, with twelve of the mounted men, over the trail I had followed. I pointed out to him on the map the spot where he would find the two men left on the roadside, and he was directed to take them into Fort Reading. They were found without difficulty, and carried in to the post. The sick man — Duryea — whom I had expected never to see again, afterward became the hospital steward at Fort Yamhill, Oregon, when I was stationed there. The Indians that I had passed at the ford came to the bluff above the camp, and arranging themselves in a squatting posture, looked down upon Williamson's party with longing eyes, in expectation of a feast. They were a pitiable lot, almost naked, hungry and cadaverous. Indians are always hungry, but these poor creatures were particularly so, as their usua
Jackson formed a junction in the valley with General Edward Johnston. On May 25th Generals Jackson, Edward Johnston, and Ewell, drove the enemy across the Potomac into Maryland. Two thousand prisoners were taken. General Banks, the commander-in-chief, said, there never were more grateful hearts in the same number of men than when, at midday on the 26th, we stood on the opposite shore. General Geary moved to Manassas Junction, burned his tents and destroyed a quantity of arms, and General Duryea telegraphed to Washington for aid. A panic ensued in Washington, and the Secretary of War issued a call to the Governors of the loyal States for militia to defend the city. Jackson pressed eagerly on to disperse the garrisons at Charlestown and Harper's Ferry. General Winder's brigade drove the enemy in disorder from Charlestown toward the Potomac. When in the vicinity of Harper's Ferry, General Jackson, with an effective force of about fifteen thousand men, much less than ei
r of one of our regiments was seized by rebel scouts or guerrillas at Baltimore Store in less than fifteen minutes after the troops marched past. Straggling was by special orders strictly prohibited, invalids and bad marchers being enjoined to remain in camp. It was impossible, however, to prevent a few from dropping to the rear; but none, so far as I can learn, had been captured but the quartermaster, for whose disobedience of orders there can be no palliation. On learning the fact Lieutenant Duryea and a detail of men were sent off in pursuit; but some time after he returned unsuccessful, reporting that, from a curve of the road branching from the store to the Chickahominy, his party had been fired at, a soldier beside him at the time being hit with a slug shot, but fortunately not hurt. General Keyes determined on making his headquarters at Baltimore Cross-Roads, for a few hours, it might be, or for the night, according to circumstances. For a couple of hours, therefore, he
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 16: the Army of the Potomac before Richmond. (search)
on the arc of a circle, and covering the approaches to the bridges (Woodbury's and Alexander's) over which the troops were to cross the river and join those on the Richmond side, the Fifth Corps awaited attack. A few A. P. Hill. of the siege-guns were yet in position there, and those which were passed over the stream were planted so as to cover the approaches to the bridges. Morell's division occupied the left, near a deep ravine traversed by a brook, and Sykes's division of Regulars and Duryea's Zouaves were on the right, extending toward Cool Arbor. McCall's division formed a second line, his left touching Butterfield's right; Seymour's brigade and the horse-batteries of Roberts and Tidball commanded the rear, and cavalry under General Philip St. George Cooke Five companies of the Fifth Regular Cavalry, two squadrons of the First Regular, and three squadrons of the Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry. were performing vedette and flanking-service near the Chickahominy. On that field,
lellan; and it unfortunately succeeded. When news of the attack on Colonel Kenley's command at Front Royal, on the 23d, reached General Geary, who was at Rectortown with a force charged with the protection of the Manassas Gap Railroad, he immediately hogan to move to Manassas Junction. His troops, alarmed by exaggerated reports of the fate of the regiment at Front Royal, burnt their tents and destroyed a quantity of arms. The contagion of panic spread to Catlett's Station, where was General Duryea with four regiments. He hastened to Centreville, and telegraphed to Washington for help. The rumors were swelled and magnified on their way to the capital: the authorities there were thrown into a most unnecessary fright, and telegraphic despatches, pale with the hue of fear, were sent on the wings of lightning all over the land. Of these the following is a specimen:-- Washington, May 25, 1862. To the Governor of Massachusetts. Intelligence from various quarters leaves no doub
n, he was watching through a glass the enemy's movements. Gen. Meade, with the Pennsylvania Reserves, had followed Hooker from Catoctin creek up the old Hagerstown road, so far as Mount Tabor church. He went into action on the right of Hatch's division, and was soon heavily engaged; his brigades being admirably handled by Gen. Seymour and Cols. Magilton and Gallagher, the last of whom was wounded. It had not fully reached the summit in its front, when darkness arrested the conflict. Gen. Duryea's brigade of Ricketts's division, which had been ordered to its support, was just then coming into action. Our advance up the turnpike in the center, being contingent on success at either side, was made last, by Gibbon's brigade of Hatch's, and Hartsuff's of Ricketts's division; the artillery fighting its way up the road, with the infantry supporting on either side. The struggle here was obstinate, and protracted till 9 o'clock, when Gibbon's brigade had nearly reached the top of the
Duffield, Brig.-Gen., taken prisoner, 212. Duncan, Gen. J. R., in command at Forts Jackson and St. Philip, La., 87; 90. Dupont, rear-Admiral Samuel F., preparations for attacking Fort Sumter, 466; his iron-clads assail Fort Sumter, 467; their advance arrested, 469; Union monitors repulsed — the Keokuk sunk, 471; repossesses several coast defenses, 458; his gunboats advance near charleston, 460; failure of his attack on Fort McAllister, 463-4; his partiality to deck-fighting, 472. Duryea, Gen., at South Mountain, 198. Duvall's Bluff, 555. E. Early, Gen. Jubal A., charges at Cedar Mountain — is forced to fall back, 177; commands Jackson's division at Antietam, 206; at Gettysburg, 380 to 387; menaces Washington — is repulsed, 605; he surprises Crook at Cedar Creek, 613; Sheridan routs him at Cedar Creek, 614-5; again routed at Waynesboro, 727. East Point, Ga. Sherman's operations at, 636. Ector, Brig.-Gen., at Chickamauga, 417. eddy, Col., Killed at Iuka, 224<
rt of a column, composed of two regiments from Newport News, and Col. Duryea's and my own, intended to make a reconnoissance in force towardsuspicious of any enemy, inasmuch as we were ordered to reenforce Col. Duryea, who had preceded us by some two hours, and who had been orderedce half way between the advance and the regiment; therefore, had Col. Duryea been obliged to retreat upon us before we reached his locality, my were our friends, and on providing for the wounded, we joined Col. Duryea and Col. Bendix. The former having returned and proceeded on position at the Bethel battery was given to me on the ground by Col. Duryea, who informed me that he received it from a reconnoitring officethe battery, and about two hundred paces from it, on the left of Col. Duryea. I was then directed to send out skirmishers to ascertain the sance. I resumed, therefore, my original position on the left of Col. Duryea. Shortly after all the forces were directed to retire, the desi
battalion to march from Newport News, and a regiment or a battalion to march from Camp Hamilton, Duryea's. Each regiment to be supported by sufficient reserves, under arms, in camp, and with advanced guards out on the road of march. Duryea to push out two pickets at 10 P. M., one two and a half miles beyond Hampton, on the county road, but not so far as to alarm the enemy. This is important. appear that they intend to go round about and dodge through to the front. At 12, midnight, Col. Duryea will march his regiment with fifteen rounds cartridges, on the county road toward Little Bethter and shrapnel to go. A wagon with planks and materials to repair the New Market bridge. Duryea to have the 200 rifles, (Sharpe's rifles, purchased the day previous, are alluded to.) He will plso, to spike them if retaken. Geo. Scott (colored guide) to have a shooting iron. Perhaps Duryea's men would be awkward with a new arm in a night or early dawn attack, where there will be littl
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