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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 20 2 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 9 1 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 11: the Montgomery Convention.--treason of General Twiggs.--Lincoln and Buchanan at the Capital. (search)
ng the four terrible years of our history, while the Republic was ravaged by the dragon of civil war, will be recorded on succeeding pages. On the 11th of February, Mr. Lincoln left his home in Springfield for the seat of the National Government, accompanied by a few friends. The following persons accompanied Mr. Lincoln :--J. G. Nicolay, private secretary of the President elect; John Hay; Robert L. Lincoln, Major Hunter, United States Army; Colonel Sumner, United States Army; Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, Hon. John K. Dubys, State Auditor; Colonel W. H. Lamon, Aid to Governor Yates; Judge David Davis, Hon. 0. H. Browning, E. L. Baker, editor of the Springfield Journal; Robert Irwin, N. B. Judd, and George Lotham. At the railway station, a large concourse of his fellow-townsmen had gathered to bid him adieu. He was deeply affected by this exhibition of kindness on the part of his friends and neighbors, and with a sense of the great responsibilities he was about to assume. My friend
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 17: events in and near the National Capital. (search)
received an electrograph, urging him to send troops forward to Washington as speedily as possible. At the same time he received an offer of the regiment of Colonel Ellsworth, whose skillfully executed and picturesque Zouave tactics had lately excited the attention and admiration of the country. These volunteers were accepted, anpposed to be in danger from the pirate vessels of the Confederacy, then known to be afloat. He also took the responsibility of sending forward to Washington Colonel Ellsworth's Zouave Regiment, composed principally of New York firemen, who were restrained, for the moment, by official State authority. While General Wool was reviand supplies to the scene of action; and especially so in assuming the responsibility of dispatching the fine regiment of New York Fire Zouaves, commanded by Colonel Ellsworth, thus avoiding the delays which might otherwise have detained them for several days. Resolved, That this Committee desire to express in these resolutions
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 19: events in the Mississippi Valley.--the Indians. (search)
d been a member, he had vainly urged the adoption of measures for organizing the militia of the State. Fond of military maneuvers, he had formed a company and drilled them in the tactics of the Zouaves, several weeks before the famous corps of Ellsworth's Zouaves was organized. This lawyer was Lewis Wallace, who became a Major-General of Volunteers at an early period of the war that ensued. Governor Morton called Wallace to his aid. A dispatch summoning him to Indianapolis reached him on Mularly active tactics. The native Zouaves finally disappeared from the French army, but their costume and tactics were preserved. When French Zouave regiments performed eminent service in the Crimea, and gained immense popularity, Wallace and Ellsworth introduced the costume and system of maneuvers into this country, and at the beginning of the civil war large numbers of the volunteers assumed their garb and name. Within four days after the President's call was promulgated from Washington, mo
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 20: commencement of civil War. (search)
s combined took possession of and commenced fortifying Arlington Hights. in the mean time, the New York fire Zouave Regiment, see page 429. under Colonel Ephraim E. Ellsworth, who had been encamped on the east branch of the Potomac, near the Navy Yard, were embarked on two schooners and taken to Alexandria; while the first Men taken to New York, where it lay in state in the City Hall, and was afterward carried in imposing procession through the streets before being sent to Ephraim Elmore Ellsworth. its final resting-place at Mechanicsville, on the banks of the upper Hudson. Ellsworth was a very young and extremely handsome man, and was greatly beEllsworth was a very young and extremely handsome man, and was greatly beloved for his generosity, and admired for his bravery and patriotism. His death produced great excitement throughout the country. It was the first of note that had occurred in consequence of the National troubles; and the very first since the campaign had actually begun, a few hours before. It intensified the hatred of rebellion
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 23: the War in Missouri.-doings of the Confederate Congress. --Affairs in Baltimore.--Piracies. (search)
his proclamation was issued, the only National troops in Virginia (excepting in the loyal western counties) were those who were holding, as a defensive position in front of Washington, Arlington Hights and the shore of the Potomac to Alexandria, and the village of Hampton, near Fortress Monroe. It must be remembered, also, that the only murders that had been committed at that time were inflicted on the bodies of Massachusetts soldiers by his associates in Baltimore, and on the body of Colonel Ellsworth by one of his confederates in treason in Alexandria. It must also be remembered that the superiors of the author of this proclamation, at about the same time, entertained a proposition for wholesale murder at the National Capital. See page 528. Beauregard was noted, throughout the war, for his official misrepresentations, his ludicrous boastings, and his signal failures as a military leader, as the record will show. The obvious intention of Davis and Beauregard, and the authors of sc
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 25: the battle of Bull's Run, (search)
s of the Army of the Potomac. Yet they pressed forward, with the batteries of Ricketts and Griffin in front, and, outflanking the Confederates, were soon in possession of the western portion of the plateau. There was a swell of ground westward of the Henry house occupied by the Confederates, the possession of which was very important. Whoever held it could command the entire plateau. Ricketts and Griffin were ordered to seize it, and plant their batteries there. The Eleventh New York (Ellsworth's Fire Zouaves), Colonel Farnham, were assigned to their immediate support; and the Twenty-seventh New York, Fifth and Eleventh Massachusetts, the Second Minnesota, and Corcoran's Sixty-ninth New York, were moved up to the left of the batteries. The Artillery and the Zouaves went boldly forward in the face of a severe cannonade, until an ambushed Alabama regiment suddenly came oat from a clump of pines partly on their flank, and poured upon them a terrible shower of bullets. This hot a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Virginia, (search)
on Heights. At the same time the second column was crossing the Long Bridge, 2 miles below, and soon joined McDowell's column on Arlington Heights and began casting up fortifications. The New York Fire Zouave Regiment, commanded by Col. Ephraim Elmore Ellsworth (q. v.), embarked in vessels and sailed for Alexandria, while another body of troops marched for the same destination by way of the Long Bridge. The two divisions reached Alexandria about the same time. The United States frigate Pawnee was lying in the river off Alexandria, and her commander had been in negotiation for the surrender of the city. Ignorant of this fact, Ellsworth marched to the centre of the town and took formal possession of it in the name of his government, the Virginia troops having fled. The Orange and Alexandria Railway station was seized with much rolling-stock, and very soon Alexandria was in the quiet possession of the National forces. Governor Letcher had concentrated troops at Grafton, on the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washingtoniana. -1857 (search)
e world cannot give. Washington and his wife set out for Mount Vernon on the day before Christmas, where he was welcomed back to private life by the greetings of his family and flocks of colored servants. On Aug. 7, 1783, the Continental Congress, sitting at Princeton, resolved unanimously That an equestrian statue of General Washington be erected at the place where the residence of Congress shall be established. The matter was referred to a committee consisting of Messrs. Arthur Lee, Ellsworth, and Mifflin, to prepare a plan. The committee reported the same day That the statue be of bronze; the general to be represented in a Roman dress, holding a truncheon in his right hand, and his head encircled with a laurel wreath. The statue to be supported by a marble pedestal, on which are to be represented, in basso-relievo, the following principal events of the war, in which General Washington commanded in person, viz.: the evacuation of Boston, the capture of the Hessians at Trento
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Welles, Gideon 1802-1878 (search)
Welles, Gideon 1802-1878 Naval officer; born in Glastonbury, Conn., July 1, 1802; studied law under Judges Williams and Ellsworth, and in 1826 became editor and a proprietor of the Hartford Times, advocating the election of General Jackson to the Presidency. He served in the Connecticut legislature in 1827-35; was comptroller, and in 1836-41 postmaster, at Hartford. In 1846 he was chief of a bureau in the Navy Department, having given up his editorial duties. He became identified with the Republican party in 1857, and was chairman of the Connecticut delegation in the convention at Chicago that nominated Mr. Lincoln for the Presidency, who in 1861 Gideon Welles. called Mr. Welles to his cabinet as Secretary of the Navy, in which capacity he served until 1869. He died in Hartford, Conn., Feb. 11, 1878.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Willcox, Orlando Bolivar 1823- (search)
Willcox, Orlando Bolivar 1823- Military officer; born in Detroit, Mich., April 16, 1823; graduated at West Point in 1847; served in Texas and in Florida, and resigned in 1857. In May, 1861, he became colonel of the 1st Michigan Infantry, and was the first to arrive at Washington. D. C., after the call of the President in April, 1861. With Colonel Ellsworth he took possession of Alexandria. He commanded a brigade in the battle of Bull Run, where he was severely wounded and made prisoner. On his exchange in 1862 he was made brigadier-general of volunteers, his commission dating from July 21, 1861. He was active in the Army of the Potomac until after the battle at Fredericksburg, and was temporarily in command of the 9th Army Corps in central Kentucky. In 1863-64 he was engaged in eastern Tennessee; and in the Richmond campaign, ending in the surrender of Lee, he commanded a division in the 9th Corps. In March. 1865, he was brevetted majorgeneral, United States army; in 18