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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 14 0 Browse Search
Matthew Arnold, Civilization in the United States: First and Last Impressions of America. 6 0 Browse Search
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art essay, On a certain Condescension in foreigners, warns off Englishmen who may be disposed to write or speak about the United States of America. I never blamed England for not wishing well to democracy, he cries; how should she? But the criticisms and dealings of Englishmen, in regard to the object of their ill-will, are apt, M of the land up to a high standard when war comes, or rebellion. But this is just what the middle-class virtue of our race is abundantly capable of doing; as Puritan England in the seventeenth century, and the inheritors of the traditions of Puritan England since, have signally shown. It is they who maintain the national credit, Puritan England since, have signally shown. It is they who maintain the national credit, it is they who steadily improve the standard of national education. By national education our informant means popular education; and here, too, we are still entirely within the pale of middle-class achievement. Both in England and in America, the middle class is abundantly capable of maintaining the national credit, and does main
waves, replied Franklin, Causes &c., Works, IV. 242. never rise but when the winds blow; and addressing the British public, he showed that the new system of politics tended to dissolve the bonds of union between the two countries. What does England gain by conquests in America, wrote the French Minister, but the danger of losing her own Colonies? Durand to Choiseul, 21 Dec. 1767.—Things cannot remain as they are; the two nations will become more and more embittered, and their mutual griaking the lead, or dictating to the other Assemblies. They freely submit their opinions to the judgment of others, and shall take it kind in you to point out to them any thing further that may Chap. XXXI.} 1768. Feb. be thought necessary. Bradford's Massachusetts State Papers, 134. A fair copy of this Circular was ordered to be transmitted to England, to be produced in proof of its true spirit and design; they drew their system of conduct from reason itself, and despised concealment
Dec. 15, 1767. July, 1768. Salem, Compare Bernard to Hillsborough, 6 August, 1768; and Hallowell's examination. a town whose representatives, contrary, however, to the judgment of their constituents, voted in favor of rescinding, was indicated as the future capital of the Province. Now Boston must tremble, for, said the Secretary, the Crown will support the laws and the subject must submit to them. At this time Bernard received from Gage, in consequence of the earlier orders from England, an offer of troops, if he would make a requisition for them. But the Council, after a just analysis of the late events, gave their opinion, that the civil power did not need the support of the troops, nor was it for his Chap. XXXV.} 1768. July. Majesty's service or the peace of the Province, that any should be required. Bernard dared not avow his own opinion; Bernard to Hillsborough, 6 August, 1768. but, in his spite, he wrote to Hillsborough for positive orders Bernard to Gage,
towns of Massachusetts meet in Convention.— Hillsborough's Administration of the Colonies con-tinued. September—1768. The approach of military rule convinced Samuel Chap. XXXVI.} 1768. Sept. Adams of the necessity of American Independence. From this moment, S. Adams's own statement to a friend in 1775. Ms. he struggled for it deliberately and unremittingly as became one who delighted in the stern creed of Calvin, which, wherever it has prevailed, in Geneva, Holland, Scotland, Puritan England, New England, has spread intelligence, severity of morals, love of freedom, and courage. He gave himself to his glorious work, as devotedly as though he had in his keeping the liberties of mankind, and was a chosen instrument for fulfilling what had been decreed by the Divine counsels from all eternity. Such a cause left no room for fear. He was, said Bernard, one of the principal and most desperate of the chiefs of the faction; the all in all Instar omnium; the phrase is taken from
wo other regiments to Ireland. Hillsborough to Gage, 24 March; 1769. Bernard was given up and recalled with a promise to the London merchants that he should not be employed in the Colonies again; and the government of Massachusetts was to be confided to Hutchinson, a town-born citizen of Boston. New-York was to be secured by a confirmation of its jurisdiction over Vermont, and the permission to issue paper-money; and Virginia, by a more extended boundary at the West. At the same time England professed to seek a good understanding with France. But Choiseul remembered too well the incidents of the last Seven Years War. Hatred and jealousy, thus he instructed the French Ambassador, inspire the English with the desire to weaken and humiliate the power of Chap. XL.} 1769. March France, of which they are the most impassioned rivals and the most implacable enemies. Recall, Sir, the events of 1755. At the time when the Court of London professed sentiments of the utmost moderation
it of Massachusetts by substituting hard money for a paper currency. As a Judge, though he decided political questions with the subserviency of a courtier, yet in approving Chap. XLII.} 1769. Aug. wills, he was considerate towards the orphan and the window, and he heard private suits with unblemished integrity. In adjusting points of difference with a neighboring jurisdiction, he was faithful to the Province by which he was employed. His advancement to administrative power was fatal to England and to himself. The love of money, which was his ruling passion in youth, had grown with his years; and avarice in an old man is cowardly and mean; knows that its time is short, and clutches with eagerness at immediate gains. A nervous timidity which was natural to him, had been increased by age as well as by his adverse experience during the riots on account of the Stamp Act; and in the conduct of public affairs made him as false to his employers as to his own honor. While he cringed
robation of the people, It is an error to suppose that the Town of Boston did not consistently wish every proper assistance to be rendered the prisoners. It took care publicly to mark its confidence in Quincy in May, and in John Adams in June. and at the urgent Advised and urged by an Adams, [S. Adams,] a Hancock, a Molineux, &c. &c. Quincy, 27. solicitations of Samuel Adams and his associates, John Adams and the younger Quincy consented to be retained as their Counsel. It was for England to remove the cause of the strife. In the House of Lords, Chatham, affirming as Chap. XLIV.} 1770. March he had done four years before, the subordination of the Colonies and the right of Parliament to bind their trade and industry, disclaimed the American policy, adopted by his former colleagues when he himself was nominally the Minister. In this, said he, as in all the rest, I have been disappointed and deceived. W. S. Johnson to Gov. Trumbull, 6 March, 1770. The idea of drawing mo