hide Matching Documents

The documents where this entity occurs most often are shown below. Click on a document to open it.

Document Max. Freq Min. Freq
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 48 0 Browse Search
View all matching documents...

Your search returned 48 results in 21 document sections:

1 2 3
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), English, William Hayden, 1822-1896 (search)
English, William Hayden, 1822-1896 Capitalist; born in Lexington, Ind., Aug. 27, 1822; received a collegiate education and studied law; was a Democratic Representative in Congress in 1852-61; and was conspicuous there because of his opposition to the policy of his own party in the controversy over the admission of Kansas into the Union. He reported what was known as the English bill, which provided that the question of admission under the Lecompton constitution be referred back to the people of Kansas. His report was adopted, and Kansas voted against admission under that constitution. After his retirement from Congress he engaged in various financial concerns; was candidate for Vice-President on the ticket with Gen. Winfield S. Hancock in 1880; published an historical and biographical work on the constitution of the law-makers of Indiana; and bequeathed to the Indiana Historical Society, of which he was president for many years, the funds to complete and publish his History of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), German mercenaries. (search)
hey were heartily detested by the colonists. When any brutal act of oppression or wrong was to be carried out, such as a plundering or burning expedition, the Hessians were generally employed in the service. The transaction was regarded by other nations as disgraceful to the British. The King of Great Britain shrank from the odium it inflicted, and refused to give commissions to German recruiting officers (for he knew their methods of forcing men into the service), saying, It, in plain English, amounts to making me a kidnapper, which I cannot think a very honorable occupation. All Europe cried Shame! and Frederick the Great, of Prussia, took every opportunity to express his contempt for the scandalous man-traffic of his neighbors. Without these troops, the war would have been short. A part of them, under Riedesel, went to Canada (May, 1776); the remainder, under Knyphausen and De Heister, joined the British under Howe, before New York, and had their first encounter on Long Is
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grand remonstrance, the. (search)
trength and security of the Protestant religion of France. 3. The diverting of His Majesty's course of wars from the West Indies, which was the most facile and hopeful way for this kingdom to prevail against the Spaniard, to an expenseful and successless attempt upon Cadiz, which was so ordered as if it had rather been intended to make us weary of war than to prosper in it. 4. The precipitate breach with France, by taking their ships to a great value without making recompense to the English, whose goods were thereupon imbarred and confiscated in that kingdom. 5. The peace with Spain without consent of Parliament, contrary to the promise of King James to both Houses, whereby the Palatine's cause was deserted and left to chargeable and hopeless treaties, which for the most part were managed by those who might justly be suspected to be no friends to that cause. 6. The charging of the kingdom with billeted soldiers in all parts of it, and the concomitant design of German hor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hakluyt, Richard 1553- (search)
Hakluyt, Richard 1553- Author; born in England about 1553. Educated at Oxford University, he was engaged there as a lecturer on cosmography, and was the first who taught the use of globes. In 1583 he published an account of voyages of discovery to America; and four years afterwards, while with the English ambassador at Paris, Sir Edward Stafford, probably as his chaplain, he published in French a narrative of the voyages of Laudonniere and others; and in 1587 he published them in English, under the title Of four voyages unto Florida. On his return to England in 1589, Hakluyt was appointed by Raleigh one of the company of adventurers for colonizing Virginia. His greatest work, The principal Navigations, voyages, Trafficks, and discoveries of the English nation, made by sea or over land, to the most remote and farthest distant quarters of the earth, at any time within the compass of these fifteen hundred years, was published the same year. It contains many curious documents,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harriott, Thomas 1560-1621 (search)
cupidity of his companions, who were more intent upon finding gold than tilling the soil. While Governor Lane declared that Virginia had the goodliest soil under the cope of heaven, and if Virginia had but horses and kine, and were inhabited by English, no realm in Christendom were comparable to it, he utterly neglected the great opportunity. Harriott saw that the way to accomplish that object was to treat the Indians kindly, as friends and neighbors; and he tried to quench the fires of rev the prayers of the English, and, under the careful nursing of the historian, the king speedily recovered. Many of his subjects resorted to Harriott when they fell sick. Had his example been followed, Virginia might soon have been inhabited by English, and filled with horses and kine. On his return to England, Harriott published a Brief and true report of the New found land of Virginia. From the Earl of Northumberland he received a pension, and spent much of his time in the Tower with Ralei
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Insurance. (search)
Insurance. The following is a brief summary of the insurance business in the United States in its principal forms: The first fire insurance in the colonies was written in Boston by the Sun Company (English) in 1728. Some insurance was done in Philadelphia in 1752. The first fire insurance policy issued in the United States was in Hartford. Conn., in 1794, under the unofficial title of Hartford fire insurance co. Sixteen years after, in 1810, the Hartford Fire Insurance Company was organized. From 1801-10 there were 60 charters issued; 1811-20, 43; 1821-30, 149; 1831-40, 467; 1841-50, 401; 1851-60, 896; 1861-70, 1,041. From Jan. 1, 1880, to Dec. 31, 1889, property of the citizens of the United States was insured against fire and accident on ocean, lake, and river, and by tornado, to the amount of over $120,000,000,000, for premiums of $1,156,675,391, and losses were paid of $647,726,051, being 56 per cent. of the premiums. The condition and transactions of fire companie
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jews and Judaism. (search)
ues in the United States has kept pace with this development of doctrine, or rather with this sloughing-off of so much that is distinctively Jewish. The observance of the second-day festivals has been entirely abolished, as well as the separation of the sexes and the covering of the head in prayer. The ritual has been gradually shortened, the ancient language of prayer (Hebrew) has been pushed further and further into the background, so that in some congregations the service is altogether English; and in a few congregations an additional service on Sunday, intended for those who cannot attend upon the regular Sabbath-day, has been introduced. Only one congregation, Sinai in Chicago, has followed the old Berlin Reform synagogue and has entirely abolished the service on Friday night and Saturday morning. But whatever criticism one might like to offer on the Reform movement in the United States, it deserves great praise for the serious attempt it has made to understand its own positio
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Judson, Harry Pratt 1849- (search)
Judson, Harry Pratt 1849- Educator; born in Jamestown, N. Y., Dec. 20, 1849; graduated at Williams College in 1870; called to the chair of History at the University of Minnesota in 1885; and was made head Professor of Political Science, and dean of the faculties of Arts, Literature, and Science at the University of Chicago in 1892. He is the author of History of the Troy citizens' Corps; Caesar's army; Europe in the nineteenth century; The growth of the American nation; The higher education as a training for business; The Latin in English; The Mississippi Valley (in the United States of America, by Shaler); and The young American, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Leisler, Jacob 1660- (search)
unded the house of Leisler and induced him to lead a movement for the seizure of the fort. Bayard attempted to disperse them, but was compelled to fly for his life. A distinct line was soon drawn between the aristocrats, headed by Bayard, Livingston, and others, and the democrats, led by Leisler. The fort was seized, with the public money in it. Nicholson, Andros's lieutenant, demanded the money and was treated with disdain. A committee of safety of ten members —Dutch, Huguenots, and English—constituted Leisler captain of the fort, and invested him with the power of commander-in-chief until orders should arrive from the new monarchs. He was, indeed, the popular governor of the province. The New Englanders applauded the movement. Leisler proclaimed William and Mary at the sound of the trumpet, and sent a letter to the King giving an account of his doings. Nicholson, perceiving the support which the people of New York and New England gave to Leisler, departed for England; and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Logan 1725- (search)
y women and children. This called on me for revenge. I have sought it. I have killed many. I have fully glutted my vengeance. For my country, I rejoice at the beams of peace. But do not harbor the thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. He will not turn on his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan? Not one! Logan was mistaken; it was not Cresap who led the band of assassins. He was not then in that region. Logan's speech was translated into English, and was pronounced inimitable for eloquence and pathos. Logan fought the white people desperately afterwards, when occasion offered, in the West. At a council held at Detroit, in 1780, while maddened by strong drink, he felled his wife by a heavy blow. Supposing he had killed her, he fled. Overtaken by a troop of Indians on the southern shore of Lake Erie, he supposed them to be avengers, and frantically declared that he would slay the whole party. As he leaped from his horse he was s
1 2 3