, and Sweden—were called Northmen.
They were famous navigators, and, in the ninth century, discovered Iceland and Greenland.
In the tenth century a colony led by Eric the Red was planted in the latter country (983). It is said that an adventurer named Bjarni discovered the mainland of North America in the tenth century (986). These people were chiefly from Norway, and kept up communication with the parent country.
According to an Icelandic chronicle, Captain Lief, son of Eric the Red, sailed in a little Norwegian vessel (1001), with thirty-five men, to follow up the discovery of Bjarni, and was driven by gales to a rugged coast, supposed to have been Lastward, and was killed in a skirmish with the natives (see Skraelings), and the following year his companions returned to Greenland.
Thorstein, a younger son of Eric, sailed for Vinland with twenty-five companions and his young wife, Gudrida, whom he had married only a few weeks before.
Adverse winds drove the little vessel on