were laid upon them.
Arnold, Roman Provincial administration, 237. And as the dislocation of commerce and industry caused by the barbarian inroads, and the increasing demands of the central administration for the payment of its countless officials and the maintenance of its troops, all went together, the load at last became greater than human nature could endure.
By the time of the great invasions of the fifth century, local political life had gone far towards extinction throughout Roman Europe, and the tribal organization of the Teutons prevailed in the struggle simply because it had come to be politically stronger than any organization that was left to oppose it.
We have now seen how the two great political systems that were founded upon the ancient city both ended in failure, though both achieved enormous and lasting results.
And we have seen how largely both these political failures were due to the absence of the principle of representation from the public life of Greece