s numbered in all about 116,000 present for duty, equipped.
The Army of Northern Virginia consisted of three infantry corps, commanded respectively by Longstreet, Ewell, and A. P. Hill, and a cavalry corps commanded by J. E. B. Stuart.
Its exact strength has never been accurately ascertained, but from the best data available it hads cut through the woods in various places.
About one o'clock word came from Meade that our signal-officers had succeeded in deciphering a message sent to General Ewell, which read as follows: We are moving.
Had I not better move D. and D. toward New Verdierville?
The general manifested considerable satisfactiontle of musketry and the roar of artillery.
These sounds were the quick messengers which told that Warren had met the enemy and begun the conflict.
He encountered Ewell's corps, and drove it nearly a mile, but was soon compelled to fall back and restore the connection which had been lost between his divisions.
Warren then had
General Grant had obtained permission of the government before starting from Washington to promote officers on the field for conspicuous acts of gallantry, and he now conferred upon Upton the well-merited grade of brigadier-general.
Colonel Samuel S. Carroll was also promoted to the rank of brigadier-general for gallantry displayed by him in this action.
Lee had learned by this time that he must be on the lookout for an attack from Grant at any hour, day or night.
He sent Ewell a message on the evening of the 10th, saying: It will be necessary for you to reestablish your whole line to-night. . . . Perhaps Grant will make a night attack, as it was a favorite amusement of his at Vicksburg.
While the general-in-chief was out on the lines supervising the afternoon attack, he dismounted and sat down on a fallen tree to write a despatch.
While thus engaged a shell exploded directly in front of him. He looked up from his paper an instant, and then, without the slight
r center, evidently made Lee suspect that some movement was afoot, and he determined to send General Ewell's corps to try to turn our light, and to put Early in readiness to cooperate in the movementedericksburg road, and saw a large force of infantry advancing, which proved to be the troops of Ewell's corps who had crossed the Ny River.
In the vicinity of the Harris house, about a mile east of services in this engagement, and it had been fairly won.
Lee had evidently intended to make Ewell's movement a formidable one, for Early had received orders to cooperate in the attack if it shou made an assault in his front.
The attempt, however, was a complete failure.
This attack by Ewell on the 19th prevented the orders previously issued for the general movement by the left flank frorter route than the Union forces, it appears that he reached Hanover Court-house at the head of Ewell's corps at 9:30 o'clock on May 22.
His telegrams and maneuvers all go to show that he was enti
the rest oa the week.
He had derived this notion from the Spencer carbine, the new magazine-gun which fired seven shots in rapid succession.
After this exhibition of his talent for dialogue, he was marched off to join the other prisoners.
On May 30, Wright, Hancock, and Warren engaged the enemy in their respective fronts, which led to some active skirmishing, the enemy's skirmishers being in most places strongly intrenched.
Burnside this day crossed the Totopotomoy.
Early's (formerly Ewell's) corps moved out with the evident intention of turning our left, and made a heavy attack, but was repulsed, and forced to fall back, after suffering a severe loss, particularly in field-officers.
About noon Grant received word that transports bringing W. F. Smith's troops from Butler's army were beginning to arrive at White House; and they were ordered to move forward at once, and join the Army of the Potomac. General Grant thought that it was not improbable that the enemy would endeav
otel, and he had spoken with them, as well as with Wright, about sending some communication to Lee that might pave the way to the stopping of further bloodshed.
Dr. Smith, formerly of the regular army, a native of Virginia, and a relative of General Ewell, now one of our prisoners, had told General Grant the night before that Ewell had said in conversation that their cause was lost when they crossed the James River, and he considered that it was the duty of the authorities to negotiate for peaEwell had said in conversation that their cause was lost when they crossed the James River, and he considered that it was the duty of the authorities to negotiate for peace then, while they still had a right to claim concessions.
adding that now they were not in condition to claim anything.
He said that for every man killed after this somebody would be responsible, and it would be little better than murder.
He could not tell what General Lee would do, but he hoped that he would at once surrender his army.
This statement, together with the news that had been received from Sheridan, saying that he had heard that General Lee's trains of provisions, which had c