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the Alamo. the Thermopylae of Texas. its fall. Fannin's massacre. Santa Anna's advance. Houston's retreill, soon after befell the unfortunate volunteers. Fannin had collected at Goliad about 500 men; from whom he sent an express to say that he was surrounded; and Fannin dispatched 120 men, under Lieutenant-Colonel Ward, e hands of the enemy, and were savagely butchered. Fannin, having received orders from General Houston, on Math artillery and infantry. After some negotiation, Fannin surrendered his command as prisoners of war. Out of 365 prisoners captured with Fannin, 27 escaped, eight surgeons and attendants were spared, and 330 were led out and shot, in cold blood, on Palm-Sunday. Fannin, wounded as he was, put aside the hand that would have bled the execution of the butcher of the Alamo and of Fannin's men; and, surely, he had forfeited his right to mhe had made while in captivity. The massacre of Fannin's men, the fall of the Alamo, and the other crimes
ch complicated relations unfitted him to act as agent where the parties had conflicting interests; but he, nevertheless, showed an eagerness to complete this negotiation, that induced him, while commander-in-chief, to leave Refugio for that purpose, as the enemy was advancing. Thus the same day witnessed the conclusion of the treaty and the appearance of Santa Anna before San Antonio; and this ill-omened, futile, and wasteful compact was linked with the fall of the Alamo and the massacre of Fannin's men. Thus, too, it came to be regarded as General Houston's personal act, and as an agreement not binding on the State. The treaty, which was to have engaged the effective cooperation of the Indians, is claimed by Yoakum to have secured their neutrality at least, thus imposing a moral obligation upon Texas to perform it; but his own pages dispel this slender claim. J. H. Sheppard says Texas Almanac, 1872, p. 101. that on the retreat in April, 1836, he was sent by General Houston t