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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 11 1 Browse Search
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Codes, In general terms a collection of laws, the most notable of which in modern times is the Code Napoleon, which was promulgated between 1803 and 1810, and has since been adopted in large part by various countries. In the United States the most notable codes are those prepared by Judge Stephen J. Field (q. v.) for use in California. at the time of its admission into the Union, and the Codes of Civil and criminal procedure prepared by his brother, David Dudley field (q. v.), for the State of New York. The latter, after completing the abovementioned work, was appointed by the legislature chairman of a commission to prepare a political code, a penal code, and a civil code, which, with the codes of procedure alluded to, were designed to take the place of the common law, and to cover the entire range of American law. A number of the States have adopted in whole or in part this last class of codes. Mr. Field also actively urged the preparation of a code of international law, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Field, Stephen Johnson 1816-1899 (search)
Field, Stephen Johnson 1816-1899 Jurist; born in Haddam, Conn., Nov. 4, 1816; brother of Cyrus West and David Dudley Field; graduated at Williams College, in 1837; studied law and was admitted to the Stephen Johnson field. bar in 1841. He went to San Francisco in 1849 and opened a law office, but got no clients. In 1850 he settled in Yubaville (afterwards Marysville), which in January of that year had been founded at Nye's Ranch. He was soon made justice of the peace, and for a time waof the Supreme Court of California, for the term of six years, but before his term began a vacancy occurred in the court and he was appointed for the unexpired term. In September, 1859, David S. Terry, chiefjustice of the court, resigned and Justice Field took his place. He remained in this office till 1863, when President Lincoln appointed him an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. After holding this office for more than thirty-four years he resigned in April, 1897. Duri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Supreme Court, United States (search)
7-652817861865 John McKinley, Alabama1837-521517801852 Peter V. Daniel, Virginia1841-601917851860 Samuel Nelson, New York1845-722717921873 Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire1845-51617891851 Robert C. Grier, Pennsylvania1846-702317941870 Benjamin R. Curtis, Massachusetts1851-57618091874 John A. Campbell, Alabama1853-61818111889 Nathan Clifford, Maine1858-812318031881 Noah H. Swayne, Ohio1861-812018041884 Samuel F. Miller, Iowa1862-902818161890 David Davis, Illinois1862-771518151886 Stephen J. Field, California1863-973418161899 Salmon P. Chase, Ohio1864-73918081873 William Strong, Pennsylvania1870-801018081895 Joseph P. Bradley, New Jersey1870-922218131892 Ward Hunt, New York1872-821018111886 Morrison R. Waite, Ohio1874-881418161888 John M. Harlan, Kentucky1877–....1833.... William B. Woods, Georgia1880-87718241887 Stanley Matthews, Ohio1881-89818241889 Horace Gray, Massachusetts1881–....1828.... Samuel Blatchford, New York1882-931118201893 Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Mississipp
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
erick T. Frelinghuysen, Allen G. Thurman, Thomas F. Bayard; the House elects Henry B. Payne, Eppa Hunton, Josiah G. Abbot, James A. Garfield, George F. Hoar; the justices of the Supreme Court designated are Nathan Clifford, Samuel F. Miller, Stephen J. Field, and William Strong, and select Joseph R. Bradley as the fifth; in all eight Republicans, seven Democrats......Jan. 30, 1877 Three certificates from Florida referred to the electoral commission, and the vote awarded to the Republicans by ion of 1901 authorized......March 3, 1899 The Ohio Centennial and Northwest Territory Exposition at Toledo, O., authorized......March 3, 1899 Attack on British and American sailors at Samoa, by Mataafa's followers......April 1, 1899 Stephen J. Field, associate justice United States Supreme Court, dies at Washington, D. C.......April 9, 1899 Bronze bust of Thomas Paine unveiled at New Rochelle, N. Y.......May 30, 1899 Statue of President Arthur unveiled in Madison Square, New York.