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A Catechism.on the Theory and General Principles of Outpost duties.from the "Manual of Outpost Duties." by Lieut. Gen. Lovel Frederick Fitz. Clarence, G. C. H. London. [Compiled for the Richmond Dispatch.] Question — What are the different parties of troops called in the British service, as laid down in the Field Exercise Book, which act in front of an army, for its protection and security, when in camp or cantonments? Answer — The Outlaying Picquet, his Patrols and Detached Parties, and the Reserve for the Picquets--in all, four. Q.--What is an outlaying picquet, and its object? A.--An outlaying picquet is a certain number of men, under the command of a captain or subaltern, detached to the front of the main body of troops. Its principal duties are to secure the safety and repose of the camp or cantonments by occupying such ground, and commanding such roads, that no part of the enemy's force can approach without being seen. Q.--What is the reserve?