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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Anderson, Robert, -1871 (search)
jutant-general on the stair of General Scott, and accompanied that officer in his campaign in Mexico, where he was severely wounded in the battle of Molino Del Rey (q. v.) In 1857 he was commissioned major of artillery, and in October, 1860, Secretary Floyd removed Colonel Gardiner from the command of the defences of Charleston Harbor, because he attempted to increase his supply of ammunition. and Major Anderson was appointed to succeed him. He arrived there on the 20th, and was satisfied, by uctions, but receive none. and he determined to leave Fort Moultrie with his garrison and take post in stronger Fort Sumter. This he did on the evening of Dec. 26. The vigilance of the Confederates had been eluded, They, amazed, telegraphed to Floyd. The latter, by telegraph, ordered Anderson to explain his conduct in acting without orders. Anderson calmly replied that it was (done to save the government works. In Sumter, he was a thorn in the flesh of the Confederates. Finally they atta
oe, in Virginia, and Forts Jefferson, Taylor, and Pickens, on the Gulf coast, remained in possession of the government. The seized forts were sixteen in number. They had cost the government about $6,000,000, and had an aggregate of 1,226 guns. All the arsenals in the cotton-growing States had been seized. Twiggs had surrendered a portion of the National army in Texas. The army had been put so far out of reach, and the forts and arsenals in the North had been so stripped of defenders, by Floyd, Buchanan's Secretary of War, that the government was threatened with sudden paralysis. On the day after the battle of Bull Run (q. v.), General McClellan, then in western Virginia, was summoned to Washington and placed in charge of the shattered army there. The Departments of Washington and of Northeastern Virginia were created and placed under the command of McClellan. The Department of the Shenandoah was also created, and Gen. N. P. Banks was placed in command of it, relieving Major-
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
7, 1814 William H. Crawford Aug. 1, 1815 George Graham Ad interim John C. Calhoun Oct. 8, 1817 James Barbour March 7, 1825 Peter B. Porter May 26, 1828 John H. Eaton March 9, 1829 Lewis Cass Aug. 1, 1831 Joel R. Poinsett .March 7, 1837 John Bell March 5,1841 John C. Spencer Oct. 12, 1841 James M. Porter March 8, 1843 William Wilkins Feb. 15, 1844 William L. Marcy March 6, 1845 George W. Crawford March 8, 1841 Charles M. Conrad Aug.15, 1850 Jefferson Davis March 5, 1853 John B. Floyd March 6, 1857 Joseph Holt Jan. 18, 1861 Simon Cameron March 5, 1861 Edwin M. Stanton Jan. 15, 1862 Ulysses S. Grant, ad interimAug.12, 1867 Lorenzo Thomas, ad interimFeb. 21, 1868 John M. Schofield May 28, 1868 John A. Rawlins March11, 1869 William W. Belknap Oct. 25, 1869 Alphonso Taft March 8, 1876 James D. Cameron May 22, 1876 George W. McCrary March12, 1877 Alexander Ramsey Dec. 10, 1879 Robert T. Lincoln .March 5, 1881 William C. Endicott March 6, 1885 Redfield P
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carnifex Ferry, battle of. (search)
Carnifex Ferry, battle of. The Confederate troops left by Garnett and Pegram in western Virginia in the summer of 1861 were placed in charge of Gen. Robert E. Lee. At the beginning of August he was at the head of 16,000 fighting men. John B. Floyd, the late Secretary of War, was placed in command of the Confederates in the region of the Gauley River. From him much was expected, for he promised much. He was to drive General Cox out of the Kanawha Valley, while Lee should disperse the army of 10,000 men under Rosecrans at Clarksburg, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and so open a way for an invading force of Confederates into Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. Early in September Rosecrans marched southward in search of Floyd. He scaled the Gauley Mountains, and on the 10th found Floyd at Carnifex Ferry, on the Gauley River, 8 miles from Summersville, the capital of Nicholas county, Va. Already a detachment of Floyd's men had surprised and dispersed (Aug. 26, 1861.) some Nat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Floyd, John Buchanan 1807- (search)
Floyd, John Buchanan 1807- Statesman; born in Blacksburg, Va., June 1, 1807; was admitted to the bar in 1828; practised law in Helena, Arat Charleston. Eleven days after the issuing of the above order by Floyd, Jefferson Davis introduced, Jan. 9, 1860, into the national Senatethe bill to authorize the States to purchase arms from the John Buchanan Floyd. national armories. There are a number of volunteer compani By a stretch of authority under an old act of Congress (1825), Floyd sold to the States and individuals in the South over 31,000 musketsalone to those of the Southern States. We are much obliged to Secretary Floyd for the foresight he has thus displayed in disarming the Northd modern pattern and the best in the world. Only a few days before Floyd left his office as Secretary of War and fled to Virginia he attempts, called by the mayor, was held, and the guns were retained. When Floyd fled from Washington his successor, Joseph Holt, of Kentucky, count
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Holt, Joseph 1807-1894 (search)
Holt, Joseph 1807-1894 Jurist; born in Breckenridge county, Ky., Jan. 6, 1807; acquired a collegiate education; and entered upon the practice of law in 1828. He followed his profession in Kentucky and Mississippi until 1857, when President Buchanan appointed him commissioner of patents, and, in 1859, Postmaster-General. When John B. Floyd left the cabinet at the close of 1860, Mr. Holt assumed charge of the War Department, in which post he was watchful and efficient. In 1863 he was appointed judge-advocate of the army, and was a thorough supporter of Lincoln's administration throughout. In 1864 he was placed at the head of the bureau of military justice, and declined the cabinet appointment of Attorney-General. He was brevetted major-general of the United States army in March, 1865, and was retired, Dec. 1, 1875. He died in Washington, D. C., Aug. 1, 1894.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
s troops in their assault on Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S. C.......July 18, 1863 Samuel Houston dies at Huntersville, Tex., aged seventy......July 25, 1863 John J. Crittenden dies at Frankfort, Ky., aged seventy-seven......July 26, 1863 President Lincoln proclaims protection of colored soldiers against retaliation by the Confederates......July 30, 1863 Governor Seymour, of New York, requests President Lincoln to suspend the draft for troops in that State......Aug. 3, 1863 John B. Floyd, ex-Secretary of War and Confederate brigadier-general, dies at Abingdon, Va.......Aug. 26, 1863 Army of the Cumberland crosses the Tennessee in pursuit of General Bragg......Aug. 29–Sept. 3, 1863 Advance of General Burnside's command occupies Knoxville, E. Tenn.......Sept. 4, 1863 Confederates evacuate Fort Wagner on the night of......Sept. 7, 1863 General Wood's division of the 21st Corps, Army of the Cumberland, occupies Chattanooga, Tenn.......Sept. 9, 1863 President L
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Virginia, (search)
fled (July 20), and did not halt until they reached Lewisburg, the capital of Greenbrier county. The news of Garnett's disaster and Wise's incompetence so dispirited his troops that large numbers left him. He was reinforced and outranked by John B. Floyd (formerly United States Secretary of War), who took the chief command. McClellan regarded the war as over in western Virginia. We have completely annihilated the enemy in western Virginia, he said in an address to his troops. Our loss is ab1833 Littleton W. Tazewell1833 to 1836 Wyndham Robertson1836 to 1837 David Campbell1837 to 1840 Thomas W. Gilmer1840 to 1841 John Rutherford1841 to 1842 John M. Gregory1842 to 1843 James McDowell1843 to 1846 William Smith1846 to 1849 John B. Floyd1849 to 1851 John Johnson1851 to 1852 Joseph Johnson1852 to 1856 Henry A. Wise1856 to 1860 John Letcher1860 to 1864 William Smith1864 to 1865 Francis A. Pierpont1865 to 1867 Henry A. Wells1867 to 1869 Gilbert C. Walker1869 to 1874 Jam