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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 21 3 Browse Search
Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 4 0 Browse Search
Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe, Florence Howe Hall, Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910, in two volumes, with portraits and other illustrations: volume 1 4 0 Browse Search
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ite in, and the Consultation to adopt, the report. Judge Waller, another member, confirms Lieutenant-Governor Robinson's statement. It is not now pretended that there was any such grant extant. Texas Almanac, 1860, p. 44. Sam Houston, John Forbes, and John Cameron, were appointed commissioners to negotiate with the Cherokees. But the Legislative Council, apparently distrusting this action, passed a resolution, December 26th, instructing the commissioners in no wise to transcend the detheir articles of treaty; .... and to take such steps as might secure their (the Indians') effective cooperation when it should be necessary to summon the force of Texas into the field. Kennedy, History of Texas, vol. II., p. 159. Houston and Forbes made a treaty, February 23, 1836, ceding to the Indians a large territory. It has been objected to the Declaration that it was an ill-advised, disingenuous, if not subtle and sinister measure, null and void for want of fundamental authority,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Duquesne, Fort, (search)
ded your life, and that you could not be killed. The expedition of 1758 was commanded by Gen. John Forbes, who had about 9,000 men at his disposal at Fort Cumberland and Raystown. These included Vuxiliary force of Cherokee Indians. Sickness and perversity of will and judgment on the part of Forbes caused delays almost fatal to the expedition. He was induced, by the advice of some Pennsylvaniination, that in September, when it was known that there were not more than 800 men at Duquesne, Forbes, with 6,000 troops, was yet east of the Alleghany Mountains. Major Grant, with a scouting-party lonel Bouquet's advance corps, was attacked (Sept. 21), defeated, and made a prisoner. Still Forbes went creeping on, wasting precious time, and exhausting the patience and respect of Washington aops were discontented, and a council of war was called, to which Capture of Fort Duquesne. Forbes intended to propose an abandonment of the enterprise, when three prisoners gave information of t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Forbes, John 1710-1759 (search)
Forbes, John 1710-1759 Military officer; born in Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1710; was a physician, but, preferring military life, entered the British army, and was lieutenantcolonel of the Scots Greys in 1745. He was acting quartermaster-general under the Duke of Cumberland; and late in 1757 he came to America, with the rank of brigadier-general. He commanded troops, 8,000 in number, against Fort Duquesne, and he named the place Pittsburg, in honor of William Pitt. He died in Philadelphia, March 11, 1759.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garfield, James Abram 1831-1881 (search)
France and England, formidable preparations were made by the latter to repel encroachments on the frontier, from Ohio to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Braddock was sent to America, and in 1755, at Alexandria, Va., he planned four expeditions against the French. It is not necessary to speak in detail of the war that followed. After Braddock's defeat, near the forks of the Ohio, which occurred on July 9, 1755, England herself took active measures for prosecuting the war. On Nov. 25, 1758, Forbes captured Fort Duquesne, which thus passed into the possession of the English, and was named Fort Pitt, in honor of the great minister. In 1759 Quebec was captured by General Wolfe; and the same year Niagara fell into the hands of the English. In 1760 an English force, under Major Rogers, moved westward from Niagara, to occupy the French posts on the upper lakes. They coasted along the south shore of Erie, the first English-speaking people that sailed its waters. Near the mouth of the G
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibson, George 1747- (search)
bs. These did good service throughout the war. A part of the time Gibson was colonel of a Virginia regiment. To obtain a supply of gunpowder, he went down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, with twenty-five picked men and a cargo of flour, ostensibly for trade, and returned with the desired ammunition. In the disastrous battle, Nov. 4, 1791, in which St. Clair was defeated, Colonel Gibson was mortally wounded, dying in Fort Jefferson, O., Dec. 14, 1791. His brother John was also a soldier of the Revolution; born in Lancaster, Pa., May 23, 1730; was in Forbes's expedition against Fort Duquesne, and acted a conspicuous part in Dunmore's war in 1774. He commanded a Continental regiment in the Revolutionary War, his chief command being on the western frontier. He was made a judge of the common pleas of Alleghany county, and in 1800 was appointed by Jefferson secretary of the Territory of Indiana, which post he held until it became a State. He died near Pittsburg, Pa., April 10, 1822.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stanwix, John 1690- (search)
Stanwix, John 1690- Military officer; born in England, about 1690; came to America, in 1756, as commandant of the first battalion of the 60th, or Royal Americans. He was commander of the Southern District, with his headquarters at Carlisle, Pa., in 1757. In December he was promoted to brigadier-general. On being relieved by Forbes, he proceeded to Albany, and was directed to build a fort at the Oneida carrying-place, on the Mohawk. He returned to Pennsylvania, a majorgeneral, in 1759, strengthened Fort Pitt, and secured the good — will of the Indians. In May, 1760, he resigned his commission to Monckton, and, on his return to England, was appointed lieutenant-governor of the Isle of Wight, and afterwards promoted to lieutenant-general. He also became a member of Parliament. He had served with reputation in the wars of Queen Anne before coming to America, having entered the army in 1706. General Stanwix was lost at sea while crossing from Dublin to Holyhead in December, 1765
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pennsylvania, (search)
es to the north of Pittsburg, headquarters of the Delaware Indians, is surprised and destroyed by Col John Armstrong with 300 Pennsylvanians......Sept. 7, 1756 Franklin sent to England in support of the Assembly's petition against the proprietaries Thomas and Richard Penn, who oppose taxing their vast estate, and controlled the deputy governor. He arrives in London......July 27, 1757 [Succeeds in securing the assessment of taxes on the surveyed lands at the usual rate to others.] Gen. John Forbes begins the advance against Fort Duquesne with some 7,000 troops......July, 1758 [Pennsylvania furnished 2,700 under Col. John Armstrong, among them Benjamin West, afterwards the painter, and Anthony Wayne, a lad of thirteen years; Virginia 1,900, with Washington as leader The Virginia troops rendezvous at Fort Cumberland, Md., and the Pennsylvania and other troops at Raystown, now Bedford, Pa. Washington advised the Braddock route for the advance, while Cols Bouquet and Armstrong rec
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
r Shirley at Boston to deliver to him a memorial from the officers of the Virginia regiment asking King's commissions, and also to acquaint himself with the governor's military plans......February-March, 1756 Winchester, incorporated 1752, the only settlement not deserted west of the Blue Ridge......1756 Gov. Robert Dinwiddie retires......January, 1758 [John Blair, president of the council, acting governor.] Francis' Fauquier, appointed governor, arrives......June 7, 1758 Gen. John Forbes's expedition against Fort Duquesne......July, 1758 Washington commands a regiment, and from it garrisons Fort Pitt, then considered within the jurisdiction of Virginia. He marches back to Winchester and takes his seat in the Assembly, resigning his commission after more than five years continuous service......December, 1758 He marries Martha, widow of John Parke Custis......Jan. 6, 1759 Patrick Henry's speech in the Parsons' case ......Dec. 1, 1763 Stamp Act approved by the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), West, Benjamin -1820 (search)
West, Benjamin -1820 Painter; born near Springfield, Pa., Oct. 10, 1738. His parents were Friends. He served as a private soldier under General Forbes for a short time, when, having displayed a decided talent for art, he went to Philadelphia and engaged in portrait-painting. In 1760 he visited Italy, and afterwards remained some time in France. In 1763 he went to England, and there, meeting with much encouragement in his art, made his permanent residence. He became a favorite of King George III., was a member of the Royal Academy at its foundation in 1768, and in 1792 succeeded Sir Joshua Reynolds as its president. In his picture of the Death of General Wolfe he first departed from custom, and depicted the characters in proper Benjamin West. costume; and from that time forward there was more realism in historical painting. West received large prices for his paintings. For his Christ healing the sick the British Institution gave him $15,000. One of his latest works, Dea
Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe, Florence Howe Hall, Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910, in two volumes, with portraits and other illustrations: volume 1, Chapter 11: eighty years 1899-1900; aet. 80-81 (search)
terrible storm and tidal wave which had nearly destroyed the city. was much in my mind yesterday. I could not help asking why the dear Lord allowed such dreadful loss of life. ... October 25. My last writing at this time in this dear place. The season, a very busy one, has also been a very blessed one. I cannot be thankful enough for so much calm delight — my children and grandchildren, my books and my work, although this last has caused me many anxieties. I cannot but feel as old John Forbes did when he left Naushon for the last time and went about in his blindness, touching his writing materials, etc., and saying to himself, Never again, perhaps. If it should turn out so in my case, God's will be done. He knows best when we should depart and how long we should stay.... On the way home and afterwards, these lines of an old hymn ran in my mind:--Fear not, I am with thee, oh, be not afraid. I, I am thy God, and will still give thee aid. This comforted me much in the forlo
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