d a quarter lower down, fronting Smithfield.
The Sixth corps was to hold itself in readiness to cross at the upper bridges, Reynolds at the lower, while Sickles remained in reserve in order to support either of the others.
In the preceding volume, in describing the battlefield of Fredericksburg, the reader will remember that the road called the Telegraph Road, after skirting Marye's Hill, stretches in a southerly direction—that is to say, toward Richmond—passing behind the positions which Franklin had attacked in vain on the 13th of December; the route called the River Road, which skirts the river, becomes divided before reaching the Massaponax, one branch of which, called the Bowling Green Road, pursues likewise a southerly direction; finally, the railway between Aquia Creek and Richmond follows a parallel course between the two.
These three routes supplied Lee's army with provisions, and afforded him the shortest line of retreat upon the capital of Virginia.
Hooker directed Sedgw
, 1st R. I. Art. (Bat.
E), 3d U. S. Art. (Bats.
2d division, Maj.-gen. Berry.
1st brigade, Brig.-gen. Carr—1st, 11th, 16th Mass., 11th N. J., 26th Pa.
2d Brigade, Brig.-gen. Revere—70th, 71st, 72d, 73d, 74th, 120th N. Y.
3d brigade, Brig.-gen. Mott—5th, 6th, 7th, 8th N. J., 2d N. Y., 115th Pa.
Artillery—1st N. Y. Art. (Bat.
D), 4th N. Y. Art. (Bat.
1st U. S. Art. (Bat. H), 4th U. S. Art. (Bat.
3d division, Brig.-gen. Whipple.
1st brigade, Col. Franklin—86th, 124th N. Y., 122d Pa.
2d Brigade, Col. Bowman—12th N. H., 84th, 110th Pa.
3d Brigade, Col. Berdan—1st and 2d U. S. Sharpshooters.
Artillery—10th N. Y. Art., Indep., 11th N. Y. Art., Indep., 1st O.
Art. (Bat. H).
Fifth army corps, Major-general Meade.
1st division, Brig.-gen. Griffin.
1st brigade, Brig.-gen. Barnes—2d Me., 18th, 22d Mass., 1st Mich., 13th, 25th N. Y., 118th Pa.
2d Brigade, Col. McQuade—9th, 32d Mass., 4th Mich., 14th N. Y., 62d P