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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Franklin, William 1729-1813 (search)
Franklin, William 1729-1813 Royal governor; born in Philadelphia in 1729, only son of Benjamin Franklin. It is not known who his mother was. About a year after his birth Franklin was married, took his child into his own house, and brought him up as his son. He held a captain's commission in the French War (1744-48). From 1754 to 1756 he was comptroller of the colonial post-office, and clerk to the Provincial Assembly. He went to London with his father in 1757, and was admitted to the bar in 1758. In 1762 he was appointed governor of the province of New Jersey, remaining loyal to the crown when the Revolution broke out, and in January, 1776, a guard was put over him at his residence at Perth Amboy. He gave his parole that he would not leave the province. In June (1776) he called a meeting of the legislature of New Jersey, for which offence, defiance of public opinion, he was arrested and sent to Connecticut, where for more than two years he was strictly guarded, when, in Nove
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, William 1723-1790 (search)
year he was elected a member of the New York Assembly. Having purchased land in Elizabethtown, N. J., he built a fine mansion there, which he called Liberty Hall, and removed there in 1773. He early espoused the cause of the oppressed colonies, and was a representative of New Jersey in the first Continental Congress (1774). He was again a delegate to that body in 1775, but was soon called (June 5) to command the militia of New Jersey, with the commission of brigadier-general. After William Franklin was deposed in 1776, Livingston succeeded him as governor of New Jersey, which post he retained until his death, conducting public affairs with wisdom and energy. The British called him The Don Quixote of New Jersey (for he was tall and thin in person), and tried hard to catch him, but he always managed to escape. Mr. Livingston was a delegate from New Jersey in the convention which framed the national Constitution. He was offered the position of minister to Holland, but declined. H
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Loudoun, John Campbell, fourth Earl of 1705-1782 (search)
Loudoun, John Campbell, fourth Earl of 1705-1782 Military officer; born in Scotland in 1705; was appointed governor of Virginia and commander-in-chief of the British forces in America in 1756. Leaving his lieutenant, Dinwiddie, to govern the province, he paid attention to military affairs, in which his indolence, indecision, and general inefficiency were most John Campbell Loudon. conspicuous, and worked disasters. Franklin said of him: He is like little St. George on the sign-boards, always on horseback, but never goes forward. He was recalled in 1757, and returned to England. In 1758 he was made lieutenant-general, and in 1770 general. He died in Scotland, April 27, 1782. According to his instructions, the Earl of Loudoun demanded of the authorities of New York City free quarters for himself, his officers, and 1,000 men. Your demand is contrary to the laws of England and the liberties of America, said the mayor of the city. Free quarters are everywhere usual. I ass
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louis Xvi., King of France (search)
m by the guillotine, with accompaniments of vulgar cruelty, in Paris, Jan. 21, 1793. His death was seriously mourned. He was weak, but not wicked. His friends dared not make any public demonstrations of grief, or even of attachment, at the time. A small commemorative medal of brass was struck, and secretly circulated. These were cherished by the loyalists with great affection. Upon this medal—over a funeral urn from which a crown and sceptre had fallen—were the significant words, Sol regni abiit ( The sun of the kingdom has departed ). King Louis was closely identified with the Americans in their struggle for independence, consenting, through the influence of his chief minister, Louis Xvi. Memorial medal. Vergennes, to give material aid, and make a treaty of friendship and alliance with them. Personally, he despised republicans, and could never hear with patience Dr. Franklin spoken of in words of praise, while his Queen was a great admirer of the philosopher and states
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), MacARTHURrthur, Arthur 1845- (search)
-general, July 1, 1889; lieutenant-colonel, May 26, 1896. During the Civil War he made an exceptionally brilliant record, and was several times mentioned in orders for conspicuous gallantry and daring. On one occasion he recaptured some Union batteries at the very moment the Confederates were about to turn them on the Union forces, and took ten battle flags and 400 prisoners. He signally distinguished himself in the battles of Stone River, Missionary Ridge. Perryville, Ky.; Dandridge, and Franklin. Tenn., and in the Atlanta campaign. For his exceptional gallantry in the battle of Missionary Ridge he was awarded one of the congressional medals of honor. After the declaration of war against Spain, in Arthur MacARTHURRTHURrthurrthur. 1898, he was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers. He was one of the first general officers to be sent to the Philippines, and for his services at the capture of the city of Manila was promoted to major-general, Aug. 13. At the time of the F
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Jersey, (search)
when it was made an independent colony, and so remained until the Revolutionary War. Lewis Morris, who was the chief-justice of New Jersey, was commissioned its governor, and was the first who ruled over the free colony (see Morris, Lewis). William Franklin, son of Benjamin Franklin, was the last of the royal governors of New Jersey (see Franklin, William). A conditional State constitution was adopted in the Provincial Congress at Burlington, July 2, 1776, and a State government was organized wouncil1736 John Hamilton, president of council 1736 Lewis Morris1738 John Hamilton, president,1746 John Reading, president1746 Jonathan Belcher1747 John Reading, president 1757 Francis Bernard1758 Thomas Boone 1760 Josiah Hardy1761 William Franklin1763 State governors. Assumes office. William Livingston 1776 William Patterson 1790 Richard Howell1794 Joseph Bloomfield 1801 John Lambert, acting 1802 Joseph Bloomfield1803 Aaron Ogden1812 William S. Pennington 1813 Mahlon Dick
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Jersey, (search)
f Perth Amboy and Trenton......November, 1756 Governor Jonathan Belcher dies, aged seventy-six......Aug. 31, 1757 New American magazine, published at Woodbridge by James Parker, and edited by Samuel Nevil......January, 1758 Special conference with Indians at Easton; the governor, Francis Bernard, obtains from the chief of the united nations of the Minisinks, Wapings, and other tribes, for $1,000, a release of the Indian title to every portion of New Jersey......Oct. 18, 1758 William Franklin, natural son of Benjamin Franklin, appointed governor (the last royal governor of New Jersey)......1763 William Coxe, appointed stamp distributer in New Jersey, voluntarily resigns his office......September, 1765 Joseph Borden, Hendrick Fisher, and Robert Ogden, delegates to a convention of nine colonies at New York, Oct. 7, 1765; it publishes a declaration of rights, and adjourns......Oct. 24, 1765 First medical society in the colonies organized in New Jersey......July 23, 176
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Whitehead, William Adee 1810-1884 (search)
Whitehead, William Adee 1810-1884 Historian; born in Newark, N. J., Feb. 19, 1810; became a surveyor and made a survey of Key West, Fla., in 1828; was United States customs collector there in 1830-38; then removed to New York and became a stock-broker. He was one of the founders of the Newark Library Association and was corresponding secretary of the New Jersey Historical Society from its establishment in 1845 till his death. He was the author of East Jersey under the proprietary governments; Papers of Lewis Morris, Governor of New Jersey; Analytical index to the colonial documents of New Jersey, in the State paper office in England; Biographical sketch of William Franklin; Contributions to the early history of Perth Amboy, etc. He died in Perth Amboy, N. J., Aug. 8, 1884.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Winds, William 1727-1789 (search)
Winds, William 1727-1789 Military officer; born in Southhold, Long Island, N. Y., in 1727; settled in Morris county, N. J., early in life; was captain of a New Jersey company recruited in 1758 to take part in the conquest of Canada; member of the New Jersey Assembly in 1772 and 1775; appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 1st New Jersey Battalion Nov. 7, 1775; promoted colonel March 7, 1776; and later was commissioned brigadier-general. In 1775 he served at Perth Amboy, N. J., and there held the last royal governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, a prisoner. He died in Rockaway, N. J., Oct. 12, 1789.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Winthrop, Robert Charles 1809-1894 (search)
could be remembered beyond the hour of their utterance, and reach the ears of my countrymen in future days; if I could borrow the masterly pen of Jefferson, and produce words which should partake of the immortality of those which he wrote on this little desk; if I could command the matchless tongue of John Adams, when he poured out appeals and arguments which moved men from their seats, and settled the destinies of a nation; if I could catch but a single spark of those electric fires which Franklin wrestled from the skies, and flash down a phrase, a word, a thought, along the magic chords, which stretch across the ocean of the future—what could I, what would I say? I could not omit, certainly, to reiterate the solemn obligations which rest on every citizen of this republic to cherish and enforce the great principles of our colonial and Revolutionary fathers—the principles of liberty and law, one and inseparable—the principles of the Constitution and the Union. I could not omit t<
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