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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General J. E. B. Stuart's report of operations after Gettysburg. (search)
ur flank, near Williamsport and Hagerstown, to the defence of its own communications now at my mercy. The entire Sixth Army Corps in addition was also sent to intercept me at Westminster, arriving there the morning I left, which in the result prevented its participation in the first two days fight at Gettysburg. Our trains in transit were thus not only secured, but it was done in a way that at the same time seriously injured the enemy. General Meade also detached 4,000 troops, under General French, to escort public property to Washington from Frederick, a step which certainly would have been unnecessary but for my presence in his rear, thus weakening his army to that extent. In fact, although in his own country, he had to make large detachments to protect his rear and baggage. General Meade also complains that his movements were delayed by the detention of his cavalry in his rear. He might truthfully have added by the movement in his rear of a large force of Confederate cavalry
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Resources of the Confederacy in February, 1865. (search)
date 25th January, 1865. 9. Letter of Major James Sloan, Chief C. S. for North Carolina, of date 2d February, 1865. 10. Report on supply of salt. 11. Report on supply of beeves. 12. Report on Government Fisheries. 13. Letter of Major French, of January 12, 1864, as to difficulties of transportation. 14. Letter of Lieutenant-Colonel Ruffin, of February 11, 1865, as to contracts. Enclosures in report from Bureau of Subsistence. No. 1. [Withdrawn from the file, probably (Signed) R. J. Moses, Major and Chief C. S. for Georgia. No. 8. Office Chief Commissary for Alabama, Mobile, 25th January, 1565. Colonel L. B. Northrup, Commissary-General, Richmond, Virginia: Colonel — On the 15th of December, Major French dispatched me that the Secretary of War had authorized payment of local value for all supplies delivered before the 1st of February, and that money would be forwarded. On the authority of this dispatch, I issued an appeal to the planters, u
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Resources of the Confederacy in 1865--report of General I. M. St. John, Commissary General. (search)
depot, the Commissary-General accompanied the Secretary of War to Danville, and thence to Greensboroa (North Carolina), then the headquarters of General Joseph E. Johnston. At Danville instructions were given to Colonel T. G. Williams and Major S. B. French (ranking officers) to remain with Major B. P. Noland, Chief Commissary Officer in Virginia, and reorganize the commissary service in that State, should events permit. The Bureau headquarters were continued in North Carolina until the surdly diminishing territory and resources, for the supply of returning troops and the hospitals. Permit me in closing to acknowledge in grateful terms the very efficient aid of Lieutenant-Colonel T. G. Williams, Assistant Commissary-General, Majors French, Claiborne, Noland and Dudley, and of all Commissary officers who assisted in the execution of the duties indicated in this report. Very respectfully, I. M. St. John, (Late) Commissary-General C. S. A. Louisville, Kentucky, 1st Novembe
the Rapidan, Gen. A. P. Hill, with his division, was ordered, on the 27th of July, to join Gen. Jackson. At the same time, in order to keep McClellan stationary, or, if possible, to cause him to withdraw, Gen. D. II. Hill, commanding south of James River, was directed to threaten his communications, by seizing favourable positions below Westover, from which to attack the transports in the river. That officer selected Coggin's Point, opposite Westover. On the night of the 31st of July, Gen. French, accompanied by Brig.-Gen. Pendleton, chief of artillery, placed forty-three guns in position within range of the enemy's shipping in the river, and of the camps on the north side, upon both of which fire was opened, causing consternation, and inflicting serious damage. The guns were withdrawn before daybreak, with the loss of one killed and two wounded by the gunboats and batteries of the enemy. This attack caused Gen. McClellan to send a strong force to the south bank of the river, w
n from breastworks and rifle-pits, and from every imaginable place, were pouring into their bleeding masses showers of small shot. It was too much for human endurance. Six different attacks, or rather frantic dashes, were directed against the almost impregnable position of the foe. It was an exhibition of courage that was worthy of a better cause and deserved a better direction. It was no longer a scientific battle, but a wholesale slaughter of human beings. In vain Sumner pushed forward French, Hancock, and Howard; each division was repulsed with terrible loss; the Irish brigade advanced impetuously, and almost perished within a short distance of the Confederate guns; all was in vain; and Gen. Burnside, who, two miles across the river, sat upon the heights, glass in hand, saw the successive defeat of each assaulting column. When night closed in, the shattered masses of the enemy had disappeared in the town, leaving the field covered with dead and wounded. Burnside was now at a
erate armies. peculiar causes for it. its frightful extent. how it was not a sign of infidelity to the Confederate cause. condition of the commissariat. bread taken from Gen. Lee's army to feed prisoners. alarming reduction of supplies. Major French's letter. Lee's troops bordering on starvation. eight points presented to Congress. what it did. the condition of the currency. Congress curtails the currency one-third. act of 17th February, 1864.secretary Seddon gives the coup-de-graceand men twenty-five days. We are now compelled to subsist, independent of the armies of the Confederacy, the prisoners of war, the Navy Department, and the different bureaus of the War Department. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, S. B. French, Major and C. S. On the 5th December, the Commissary General brought the condition of things to the attention of the Secretary of War, coupling it with a statement of subsistence on hand, which showed nine days rations on hand for Gen. Le
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Prisoners North and South. (search)
ion of its prisoners. That they died by wholesale is proof, I hold, that they did not receive this humane treatment. As to Andersonville, there is something of palliation. I believe the spirit of fairness in the Northern people will appreciate and admit it when the facts are known. The South was greatly in need of food, clothing and medical supplies. In 1864 its armies were subsisting almost wholly on corn and corn-meal. The supply of meat was almost exhausted. On October 18, 1864, S. B. French, major and commissary on subsistence, reports: We have on hand in the Confederate States rations of meat to subsist three hundred thousand men for twenty-five days. On August 2, 1864, Dr. White, the medical officer in charge at Andersonville, reports: The supplies of medicine have been entirely exhausted. The ration issued to the prisoners is the same as that issued to the Confederate soldier in the field. The meal is unbolted, and when baked is coarse and unwholesome. Even sieves or
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Richmond home guard of 1861. (search)
, Colonel Pendleton was himself present at one of the meetings; and finally it was decided by a large majority that the reasons which had originally influenced them to join this organization would prevent their volunteering to leave Richmond, or its vicinity, and go with the Army of Northern Virginia. I had several interviews with Governor Letcher, and a correspondence with him on the subject, his replies to my letters being written, presumably under his direction, by Colonel S. Bassett. French, one of his military aids; and there was quite a discussion of the affair in the newspapers, particularly in the Richmond Whig, Mr. John Graeme, one of the associate editors of the Whig, being a member of the organization. The result of it all was that with my consent (though I had throughout favored Colonel Pendleton's proposition) the Home Guard was disbanded, and its guns, horses, harness and entire equipment, completed or in preparation, was turned over to the Governor to be placed a
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.18 (search)
nne Arundel county, Md., which was the harbor of the Puritans. The constitution of the population of Virginia in the seventeenth century—the race elements that entered into its composition—may be noted. It is conclusively demonstrated in preserved record, printed and Ms., the latter embracing the registry of lands patents from 1620 and the records of the several county courts, that the settlers were preponderantly English. There was a considerable number of the Welsh and a sprinkling of French, Italians, Irish, and Dutch. Among the last were skilled artisans, and one of that race—one Doodas or Doodes Minor, or Minor Doodes, for the name is thus variably recorded—was the ancestor of a family of eminent educators. The Minor family. Welsh blood has been among the motive powers of many eminent sons of Virginia, and of their descendants in the South. Various biographers claim that Jefferson Davis was of this descent, and the immigrant ancestor of Thomas Jefferson, it is know
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The First North Carolina Volunteers and the battle of Bethel. (search)
ff a party which had left Hampton. The party was seen and fired at by Major Randolph's detachment, but made such fast time that they escaped. The troops under Major Lane passed within sight of Hampton, and as they turned up the road to return to Bethel encountered the Yankees, numbering about ninety, who were entrenched behind a fence in the field, protected by a high bank. Our advance guard fired on them, and in another moment the North Carolinians were dashing over the fence in regular French (not New York) zouave style, firing at them in regular squirrel-hunting style. The Yankees fled for their lives, after firing for about three minutes without effect, leaving behind them three dead and a prisoner. The fellow was a stout, ugly fellow from Troy, N. Y. He said that he had nothing against the South, but somebody must be soldiers, and he thought he had as well enlist. None of our men were hurt. This bold excursion, under the very guns of the enemy, determined the authorities
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