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. The effective strength of the Army of Tennessee, as shown by the tri-monthly return of the 1st of May, 1864, was : Johnston's Narrative, pages 574, 575. Infantry 37,652 40,464 Intillery 2,812 Cavalry 2,392   This was the entire strength of the Army at and near Dalton at that date. 2. The movement from Dalton began on the 12th May. On that day Loring's Division, Army of Mississippi, and Cantry's Division, joined at Resaca, with about eight thousand (8000) effectives. French's Division, same. Army, joined near Kingston several days later (about four thousand (4000) effectives). Quarles's brigade from Mobile (about twenty-two hundred (2200) effectives) joined at New Hope Church on the 26th. The cavalry of the Mississippi Army, which joined near Adairsville, was estimated at three thousand nine hundred (3900) effectives; and Martin's Cavalry Division, which joined near Resaca, at three thousand five hundred (3500). These were the only reinforcements received whi
and General Shoupe records the same in his diary — that the enemy had in store, at Allatoona, large supplies which were guarded by two or three regiments. As one of the main objects of the campaign was to deprive the enemy of provisions, Major General French was ordered to move with his Division, capture the garrison, if practicable, and gain possession of the supplies. Accordingly, on the 5th, at 10 a. m., after a refusal to surrender, he attacked the Federal forces at Allatoona, and succeeded the attempt. Major L. Perot, adjutant of Ector's brigade, has informed me by letter that our troops were in possession of these stores during several hours, and could easily have destroyed them. If this assertion be correct, I presume Major General French forbade their destruction, in the conviction of his ability to successfully remove them for the use of the Confederate Army. Our soldiers fought with great courage; during the engagement Brigadier General Young, a brave and efficient of
s color to their charge of rashness as a commander, in the following passage: I did not suppose that General Hood, though rash, would venture to attack fortified places like Allatoona, Resaca, Decatur and Nashville; but he did so, and in so doing, played into our hands perfectly. Sherman's Memoirs, vol. II, page 167. And yet from other portions of his Memoirs it will be seen that I did not attack either Resaca, Decatur, or Nashville. My official report will also show that Major General French assaulted Allatoona, whilst under discretionary orders. Thus, in none of these instances is General Sherman correct. Touching this same accusation of rashness, put forth by my opponents, I shall merely state that the confidence reposed in me upon so many occasions, and during a service of three years, by Generals Lee, Jackson, and Longstreet, in addition to the letters of these distinguished commanders, expressive of satisfaction with my course, is a sufficient refutation of the c
take possession of the place, if, in his judgment, when he reached there, he deemed it practicable. Accordingly, Major General French was sent, who attacked the place early on the morning of the 6th of October, and quickly carried the enemy's outer of works, drawing him into a redoubt, and with that exception carried the place. Just at this critical juncture he (General French) received information which he considered correct, but which subsequently proved false, that a large body of the enemown orders were to move with the divisions named to the point where our own line of works crossed the Lick-Skillet road. French's Division, when relieved, and one from some other corps, were to rejoin us, and at an early hour next morning we were toent servant, (Signed,) Alexander P. Stewart, Lieutenant General. Reports from Loring's Division and from Major General French of action, July 20th, forwarded with this. Others will be forwarded when received. Respectfully, (Signed,)
full dress; a cloth vest and loose jacket, which leave the neck unencumbered by collar, stock, or cravat, cover the upper portion of his body, and allow free movement of the arms; the scarlet pants are of the loose Oriental pattern, and are tucked under gaiters like those of the foot rifles of the guard; the overcoat is a loose cloak, with a hood; the chasseurs wear a similar one. The men say that this dress is the most convenient possible, and prefer it to any other. The Zouaves are all French; they are selected from among the old campaigners for their fine physique and tried courage, and have certainly proved that they are what their appearance would indicate,--the most reckless, self-reliant, and complete infantry that Europe can produce. With his graceful dress, soldierly bearing, and vigilant attitude, the Zouave at an outpost is the beau-ideal of a soldier. They neglect no opportunity of adding to their personal comforts: if there is a stream in the vicinity, the part
ty. This second, or retrospective, Report of General Barnard was made in January, 1863, at a time when General McClellan was living in retirement and out of favor with the Administration. The Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War copy several of its paragraphs into their Report on the Army of the Potomac; and the whole of it may be found at page 394 of their Proceedings, Part First, appended to General Barnard's testimony. The Report of the Committee has been translated into French, and published, with notes, by Colonel Lecomte, an accomplished Swiss officer who served on General McClellan's staff during the Peninsular campaign. One of General Barnard's paragraphs which the Committee copy is as follows:--However I may be committed to any expression of professional opinion to the contrary (I certainly did suggest it), my opinion now is that the lines of Yorktown should have been assaulted. There is reason to believe that they were not held in strong force when our army
nacy till after eight in the evening, when the enemy were driven from the field and into the woods beyond, where our deployed companies, which were speedily thrown forward, found the ground thickly strewn with the bodies of the sufferers. The position we had gained in this brilliant and picturesque engagement was held till the road in the rear was cleared; and during the ensuing hours of darkness, all the troops crossed the White Oak Swamp bridge, and Sumner's last brigade, commanded by General French, destroyed the bridge at six o'clock in the morning. During the same night, the 4th Corps, followed by the 5th, was moving towards the river, and on the morning of Monday, June 30, General Keyes had arrived there in safety. He took up a position below Turkey Creek bridge, with his left resting on the river. General Porter posted the 5th Corps so as to prolong Keyes's line to the right and cover the Charles City road to Richmond. General Franklin, with his. own corps, Richardson's d
ttack, which he says was made at 6 A. M., on the left of Sumner's corps, by Gen. Pickett, supported by Gen. Roger A. Pryor's brigade of Hager's division; to which French's brigade, on our side, stood opposed. The fight between them was noisy, but not very bloody: due caution and distance being maintained on either side. Mahone'srt in this struggle. By 9 P. M., the enemy had recoiled, without having gained the least advantage; and our soldiers fell back, by order, upon White Oak Swamp: Gen. French's brigade, forming our rear-guard, being in motion by midnight; crossing and destroying White Oak Swamp Bridge at 5 A. M. next morning. June 30. Jackson,withdrew July 8. to Richmond, leaving but a brigade of cavalry to watch and report any fresh evidences of activity on our side. None being afforded, he sent Gen. French, with 43 guns, to approach Harrison's Bar stealthily on the south side of the river, during the night, July 31. and open a fire on our camps and vessels, whe
A. M. Sumner, arriving at this moment, assumed command, sending forward Sedgwick's division of his own corps to support Crawford and Gordon; while Richardson and French, with his two remaining divisions, went forward farther to the left; Sedgwick again advancing in line through the corn-field already won and lost. But by this held them. Their rush was so sudden and unexpected that their loss was comparatively small; and the ground thus retaken was not again lost. Nearer the center, French's division of Sumner's corps had attempted to carry the line of heights whereon the Rebels were posted, and had made some progress, repulsing a countercharge and vance of the position on which the fight had commenced, but without having carried the heights. Richardson's division of Sumner's corps advanced on the left of French, crossing the Antietam at 9 1/2 A. M., and going steadily forward under a heavy artillery fire, half way up from the creek to Sharpsburg, over very rugged ground,
Ferry. He found there — or rather, on Maryland Heights--Gen. French, with 11,000 men, whom he, very naturally, desired to adle had swelled the Potomac to an unfordable state; while Gen. French, who, with 7,000 veterans, had been left idle at Frederi, July 13. Meade's army was before him, strengthened by French's division, and by part of Couch's militia, which had repoed and voted to attack; but Gens. Sedgwick, Slocum, Sykes, French, and Hays (in place of Hancock, wounded at Gettysburg) opp Simultaneously with this movement, the 2d and 3d corps, Gen. French, advanced to Kelly's ford; where pontoons were quickly lof three days; after which, the start was actually made: Gen. French, with the 3d corps, followed by Sedgwick, with the 6th, en was thereupon ordered to halt, and await the arrival of French, then momently expected. At 11, word came from him that hrate and emphasize this order, an answer was received from French, at 1 P. M., that the enemy were throwing a force to his r
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