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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 7 3 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fowltown, battle of (search)
Fowltown, battle of An engagement in 1817 fought by National troops under Gen. E. P. Gaines and hostile Creek Indians during the Seminole War in Florida. The Indians had committed depredations on the frontier settlements of Georgia and Alabama. General Gaines followed them up, and on the refusal of the inhabitants of Fowltown to surrender the ringleaders he took and destroyed the Indian village, for which the Indians soon afterwards retaliated by capturing a boat conveying supplies for Fort Scott up the Apalachicola River, and killing thirty-four men and a number of women. This event led General Jackson to take the field in person against the Indians early in January, 1818.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lundy's Lane, battle of. (search)
ack to Chippewa, with orders from General Brown to return after a brief rest, before the dawn, and occupy the battlefield. The always tardy and disobedient Ripley failed to obey the order, and the British returned and took possession of the battery (excepting one piece) and the field. The battle had been fought by about 4,500 British troops and 2,600 Americans. The latter lost in killed, wounded, and missing, nearly one-third of their whole number; the British lost 878, or twenty-six more than the Americans. Both armies claimed a victory. Ripley, whose disobedience caused the Americans to lose the advantages of a victory won at midnight, led the army to Fort Erie, where he was soon afterwards superseded by Gen. E. P. Gaines. The exploit of Miller in capturing the battery was considered one of the most brilliant of the war. The moment that General Brown met Miller afterwards, he said, You have immortalized yourself. Congress voted him the thanks of the nation and a gold medal.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Seminole Indians (search)
3. They were also enemies of the United States in the War of 1812, when they were under Spanish rule. At that time they were divided into seven clans, and were rich in live-stock and negro slaves. The Creek War led to trouble between the Seminoles and the Georgians, and in 1817 they began hostilities. Towards the close of that year a motley host, composed chiefly of Seminoles and runaway negroes, began murderous depredations upon the frontier settlements of Georgia and Alabama. Gen. E. P. Gaines, then in command of the garrison at Fort Scott, on the north bank of the Flint, was ordered to suppress these outrages. He demanded of the Indians on the opposite bank the surrender of certain alleged murderers; but they refused to give them up, on the ground that the Georgians had been the first aggressors. Under authority from the War Department to expel these Indians from the lately ceded Creek lands north of the Florida line, Gaines attacked an Indian village, a few miles below
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
ed......Feb. 17, 1815 Army reduced to a peace footing of 10,000 men, two major-generals, and four brigadier-generals......March 3, 1815 [The major-generals were Jacob Brown and Andrew Jackson; the brigadier-generals were Winfield Scott, Edmund Gaines, Alexander Macomb, and Eleazar W. Ripley.] Non-intercourse and non-importation acts repealed......March 3, 1815 United States declares war against Algiers......March 3, 1815 Thirteenth Congress adjourns......March 3, 1815 Generalthe War of 1812-14......Nov. 13, 1826 Second session convenes......Dec. 4, 1826 Congress makes an appropriation for the payment of Revolutionary and other pensions......Jan. 29, 1827 Nineteenth Congress adjourns......March 3, 1827 General Gaines ordered into the Creek Indian country......1827 Protectionists hold a convention at Harrisburg, Pa., and demand a higher tariff......July 30, 1827 United States and Great Britain by treaty agree to extend or renew the commercial agreeme