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ding to contiguity of place. They in Medford, who were watchers, were soldiers; and the annual provision of town powder shows that the ammunition was used. There was a company of militia in Medford before the Revolution; and, when troublesome times came, they were ready for duty. It was the eighth company in the first regiment of the first brigade of the third division. Seth Bullard was Captain; William Burbeck, 1st Lieutenant; and Ezekiel Plympton, 2d Lieutenant. It belonged to Colonel Thomas Gardner's regiment. In 1775, it was commanded by Captain Isaac Hall. This company came out, says the Adjutant-General, on the 19th of April, 1775, and were in service five days, and were undoubtedly in the battles of Lexington and Concord. The names of the men composing the company on that memorable occasion are all recorded on the muster-roll; and they were all Medford men, as follows:-- Isaac Hall, Captain; Caleb Brooks, Lieutenant; Stephen Hall, Ensign; Thomas Pritchard, Isaac Tufts
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gardner, Thomas 1724- (search)
Gardner, Thomas 1724- Military officer; born in Cambridge, Mass., in 1724; was a member of the committee of safety in 1775, and in the same year raised a regiment in accordance with instructions from the Provincial Congress. At the battle of Bunker Hill he was severely wounded, and died the next day. Garfield, James Abram
rracks, and many private houses were taken for the same purpose, or for hospitals. The headquarters of General Ward were in the house which stood nearly in front of the present Austin Hall, and was long familiarly known as the Holmes House. There the movement was planned which resulted in the battle of Bunker Hill. Cambridge was in close touch with that event, but the story of the battle must be sought in Frothingham's Siege of Boston. The details concerning the life and death of Colonel Thomas Gardner, whom Cambridge was called upon to mourn that day, will be found fully set forth in Paige's Cambridge. No man in Cambridge had been more completely identified with the several steps taken by the town in protest and defiance of parliamentary oppression. No man could more fittingly have exposed his life in defense of the local government, in the formation of which he had assisted, and of which he had from the beginning been a part. No life that was lost in that battle better conveys
on, buried here. Jason Russell,—Jabez Wyman,—Jason Winship, buried in Menotomy. men of Cambridge, who fell in defence of the liberty of the people, April 19th, 1775. Oh! what a glorious morning is this! In searching in 1870, to find the place of burial preparatory to erecting this monument, excavations were made along the northerly line of the grounds, and several skulls were found with bullet holes, showing where some of our killed at Bunker Hill were buried; but the grave of Colonel Thomas Gardner, a prominent citizen of Cambridge, a member of the Congress at Watertown with General Joseph Warren, is unknown. He was mortally wounded at Bunker Hill. The first official order of General Washington here, July 4, 1775, was for full military honors at his funeral that day. Near this locality is the grave of John Hughes, a young man who died and was buried among strangers. The inscription on the headstone reads: Beneath this tomb rests the remains of Mr. John Hughes, of Norwic
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1, Chapter 1: Ancestry. (search)
s country in the army, by leave from the late President, early in the contest between Great Britain and the United States of America, and who, during the war, behaved with reputation as a man and as an officer, be admitted to the degree of Master of Arts at the next commencement, and have his name inserted in the class to which he belonged. This vote alone entitled him to registration with his class in the catalogues of the alumni. He served as lieutenant in Moses Draper's company of Thomas Gardner's Massachusetts regiment at Bunker Hill, Memorials of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, by Francis S. Drake. and in Bond's (25th) regiment at the siege of Boston and the invasion of Canada; was commissioned captain in the Second Massachusetts regiment, April 7, 1779, to date from July 1, 1776 (commission signed by John Jay, President of Congress); captain in the Third (Greaton's) Massachusetts regiment, Sept. 29, 1779, to date from Jan. 1, 1777; and again, Sept. 16, 1782, t
Cambridge sketches (ed. Estelle M. H. Merrill), The oldest road in Cambridge. (search)
mittee of Safety held a session in the house at the head of Kirkland street, then the headquarters of General Ward and later the home of the Holmes family, and thence issued the order for the troops to march over that road on the night of June 16, 1775, to fortify the hill at Charlestown. It was down this road that General Warren hurried to the battle. Back over it came the troops after the battle; and by this road were brought the wounded to the hospitals, chief among these being Colonel Thomas Gardner of Cambridge, commanding the first Middlesex regiment, who died July 3. Thus the old road has been glorious in war. A plan of Cambridge in 1635 shows the allotments of ground extending from the river as far north as Cow-yard Lane which ran east and west about in the line of Dane Hall; nothing appears north of that lane, probably because the Charlestown Path was outside of the pallysadoes and had no inhabitants. A plan of Cambridge about 1750 shows some extension of the settlem
. Then Capt. Samll. Whittemore was chosen, who accepted said choice. Then Thomas Gardner was chosen, who accepted said choice. If Cambridge was somewhat late in thyeoman's service with his musket, on the memorable 19th of April, 1775; and Thomas Gardner, having been successively elected Captain and Colonel, sealed his patriotice, Capt. Ebenezer Stedman, Capt. Ephraim Frost, Capt. Eliphalet Robbins, Capt. Thomas Gardner, Joseph Wellington, Abraham Watson, Jr., Nathaniel Sparhawk, and Samuel by a majority of the inhabitants then present. The instructions:—To Capt. Thomas Gardner, Representative of the town of Cambridge in General Assembly. Sir, We, orsemen were drawn up and proceeding in pursuit of him on the full gallop. Capt. Gardner of Cambridge first began a parley with one of the foremost, which caused thly with the Council which had been duly elected by the General Court: To Capt. Thomas Gardner and the Honble John Winthrop Esq. Gentlemen, As you are now chosen to re
s established. Battle of Bunker Hill. Col. Thomas Gardner. arrival of General Washington. HeadqSpy, August 1, 1771. and in the same year, Thomas Gardner became Capt. Lieut., Samuel Thatcher, 2d Lattle gave place to his former Lieutenant, Thomas Gardner, as commander of the company composed of t With the exception of General Warren, Colonel Thomas Gardner held a higher military rank than any o Samuel Thatcher Lieut. Thatcher succeeded Gardner as Captain, and as Colonel, of the militia. f Swett's Bunker Hill Battle, pp. 40-42. Colonel Gardner, a few days after the battle, being askedhe wounds received in the late engagement, Thomas Gardner, Esq., Colonel of a Regiment in the Americeneral Washington's Orders, July 4, 1775: Colonel Gardner is to be buried to-morrow, at three o'cloas the town of Brighton. On the day of Colonel Gardner's death, July 3d, General Washington assurland. Abraham Watson, Jr., was Surgeon of Col. Gardner's Regiment, and James Winthrop was aid-de-c[8 more...]
1755, 1763, 1764. Henry Vassall, 1752, 1756. William Fletcher, 1753, 1754. David Phips, 1753. Henry Prentice, 1756. Joseph Lee, 1764, 1765. Thomas Gardner, 1769-1774. John Winthrop, 1774. Abraham Watson, Jr., 1775, 1776. Samuel Thatcher, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1782, 1784-1786. William Bowman, 1776. Eli786-1790, 1796-1801. Henry Prentice, 1761-1765. Abraham Watson, Jr., 1765, 1766. Joseph Wellington, 1769-1773, 1776. Abijah Learned, 1769-1771. Thomas Gardner, 1769-1775. Edward Marrett, 1769-1777. Nathl. Sparhawk, 1772-1775. Samuel Thatcher, 1773-1776, 1780– 1786. John Cutter, Jr., 1774, 1775. Eliphatedman, 1759-1764, 1767– 1776. Ephraim Frost, Jr., 1760, 1761, 1763 -1768, 1772, 1775-1777. William Dana, 1765-1768. Joseph Wellington, 1769-1771. Thomas Gardner, 1769-1775. John Cutter, Jr., 1774. Nathaniel Sparhawk [2d], 1775. Eliphalet Robbins, 1776, 1779. Aaron Hill, 1777, 1778, 1782, 1786– 1792. Ste<
en, Richard, had a grant of timber, for fencing, 1663. Gardner, Thomas, of Roxbury, d. Nov. 1638, leaving chil. Thomas a spirit of patriotism and self-sacrilice which animated Col. Gardner in the Revolutionary struggle is exhibited in his lette submit to slavery. I am your Friend and Brother, Thomas Gardner. who sealed his devotion to his country with his bloodiberty, namely Isaac Gardner, Esq. of Brookline, and Col. Thomas Gardner of Cambridge. Gaskell, or Gaskin, Samuel, by w. El, b. 17 Jan. 1730-31; Joanna, bap. 21 Jan. 1732-3, m. Thomas Gardner 12 June 1755; Sarah, bap. 3 Nov. 1734; Dorothy, b. 14 ; Katherine; these three named in their father's will; Thomas Gardner, bap. 5 Nov. 1775, d. young. Na-Thaniel the f. was Se. 1807; George, bap. 24 June 1810, a lawyer in Boston; Thomas Gardner, bap. 13 Sept. 1812; Charles, bap. 8 Mar. 1818. Edwarve citizens in the Revolutionary period, and succeeded Thomas Gardner as Colonel; he was Selectman, Treasurer, and Represent
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