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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 40 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Charles Garth or search for Charles Garth in all documents.

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ng letters official or private from Bollan; Jasper Mauduit; Richard Jackson,—the same who was Grenville's Secretary at the Exchequer, a distinguished Member of Parliament, and at one time Agent for three Colonies;—Arthur Lee; several unpublished ones of Franklin; the copious and most interesting, official and private Correspondence of William Samuel Johnson, Agent for Connecticut; one letter and fragments of letters of Edmund Burke, Agent for New-York; many and exceedingly valuable ones, of Garth a Member of Parliament and Agent for South Carolina; and specimens of the Correspondence of Knox and Franklin, as Agents of Georgia. Analogous to these are the confidential communications which passed between Hutchinson and Israel Mauduit and Thomas Whately; between one of the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania and Deputy Governor Hamilton; between Cecil Calvert and Hugh Hammersley, successive Secretaries of Maryland, and Lieutenant Governor Sharpe; between Ex-Governor Pownall and Dr. Cooper o
step-daughter, the liberal, self-confident Duke of Richmond; who added grace and courtesy of manners to firm affections, but was swayed by a violent and undiscerning ambition, that far outran his ability. Albemarle, i. 340. He, too, shunned Garth, member of the House of Commons, and Agent for South Carolina, to the Committee of South Carolina, 6 June, 1766. the conduct of American affairs, and they were made over to a new Department of State, which Dartmouth was to accept, De Guerchy te compelled, on their outward and return voyage, to touch at some port in England; and they prayed for modifications of the Navigation Act, which would equally benefit Great Britain and themselves. South Carolina Committee of Correspondence to Garth, a Member of Parliament, their Agent, 2 July, 1766. Compare his answer of 26 September, 1766. At New-York, on the King's birthday, the bells rang merry peals to the strains of martial music and the booming of artillery; the Fields near the
istration, replied Townshend, has applied its attention to give relief to great Britain from bear- Chap. XXVII.} 1767. Jan. ing the whole expense of securing, defending, and protecting America and the West India Islands; I shall bring into the House some propositions that I hope may tend, in time, to ease the people of England upon this head, and yet not be heavy in any manner upon the people in the Colonies. I know the mode by which a revenue may be drawn from America without offence. Garth to Committee of South Carolina, 31 Jan. 1767; Grafton's Autobiography. As he spoke the House shook with applause; hear him, hear him, now swelling loudest from his own side, now from the benches of the Opposition. I am still, he continued, a firm advocate for the Stamp Act, Charlemont to Flood, 29 Jan. 1767. for its principle and for the duty itself, Shelburne to Chatham, 1 Feb. 1767; Chat. Corr. III. 184, 185. only the heats which prevailed made it an improper time to press it. I la
pendence of the judges in the Colonies; and advised that their commissions should conform to the precedent in England. Garth to South Carolina, 12 March, 1767. Compare Sir Henry Moore to Shelburne, 1 Feb. 1767. The grants of lands in Vermontf their lumber and an easier exchange of products with the West Indies. W. S. Johnson's Journal, Monday, 16 Feb. 1767; Garth to Committee of S. C., 12 March, 1767. The reasonable request provoked universal dislike; Grenville and his friends appea retrenchment and an American duty. W. S. Johnson to Jared Ingersoll, 18 Feb. 1767; Charlemont to Flood, 19 Feb. 1767; Garth to Committee of South Carolina, 12 March, 1767; Walpole's Memoirs II. 417; Compare Grafton to Chatham, 13 March 1767; Charemoved by the declaration of Parliament itself; and that its authority must be Chap. Xxviii} 1767. Feb. maintained. Garth to the Committee of South Carolina, 12 March 1767; Walpole, II. 418. By this time the friends of Grenville, of Bedfor
debate De Guerchy to Choiseul, 14 May, 1767. I have very full reports from Garth, Agent for South Carolina, and member of the House of Commons, who was present,resent at the Debate. His report of the Debate is before me; so too is that of Garth, which is very full as to the substance of the debate, though names are omitted. W. S. Johnson to Pitkin, 16 May, 1767; Garth to South Carolina, 17 May, 1767. The persevering Grenville next moved his Test for America; but the House dreaded to ly through both Houses. W. S. Johnson to Dep. Gov. Trumbull, 14 Sept. 1767. Garth to Committee of South Carolina, 6 June, 1767. The Stamp Act had called an Ameri; Report of the Board of Trade, 10 July, 1767. while an Act of Parliament Garth, 17 May, 1767; 7 Geo. III. chap. LVI. suspended the functions of its Representhis Administration. W. S. Johnson to the Gov. of Connecticut, 13 July, 1767; Garth to Committee of South Carolina, 5 July, 1767. Henceforward no native of America
Chapter 31: Massachusetts Consults her sister Colonies.—Hillsbo-rough's Administration of the Colonies. November, 1767—February, 1768. on the twenty-fourth of November, the Twelfth Chap. XXXI.} 1767. Nov. Parliament came together for the last time, previous to its dissolution. Its members were too busy in preparing for the coming elections to interfere with America, about which the King's speech was silent; Garth to South Carolina, 25 Nov. 1767. and when Grenville descanted on two or three papers in the Boston Gazette, as infamous libels on Parliament, the House showed only weariness of his complaints. W. S. Johnson to Gov. Pitkin, 26 Dec. 1767. W. S. Johnson to Jared Ingersoll, 30 Nov. 1767. Franklin to Galloway, 1 Dec. 1767, in Works, VII. 369. N. Rogers to Hutchinson, 30 Dec. 1767. Miscellaneous letters ascribed to Junius, x. XXIX. and XXXI. in Bohm's edition, II. 146, 193, 199. Bedford himself objected to Grenville's Test for America; Lyttelton to Templ
he Chap. XXXVIII} 1768. Dec. point of right. Nor can the conduct of the people of Boston pass without a severe censure. A very long discussion ensued; but he was inflexible. It became evident that the attention of Parliament was to be confined to the Colony of the Massachuetts Bay; for the Memorial and the Remonstrance from Virginia were kept back; and a Petition from the Assembly of Pennsylvania to the House of Commons was put aside. The next day Beckford See Account of the Day in Garth to Committee of South Carolina, 10 Dec. 1768. Also in W. S. Johnson to Gov. of Connecticut, 3 Jan. 1769, and in Cavendish Debates. and Trecothick, as friends to America, demanded rather such general inquiry, as might lead to measures of relief. The question of taxation is not before us; interposed Lord North; but the question is, whether we are to lay a tax one year, when America is at peace, and take it off the next, when America is in arms against us. I am against the repeal of the Act
to a Friend in America, 18 March, 1770; Writings, VII. 466. Lord North seemed hardly satisfied with his success; and Chap. XLIV.} 1770. March reserved to himself liberty to accede to the repeal on some agreement with the East India Company; Garth to South Carolina Committee, 6 March, 1770. with fatal weakness of purpose, delaying the measure which his good sense and humanity approved. The decision came from the King who was the master of the House of Commons, and the soul of the Ministriumphantly to the House of Lords, one more attempt was made to conciliate America; and Trecothick of London, supported by Beckford and Lord Beauchamp, by Dowdeswell, Conway, Dunning the late Solicitor General, and Sir George Saville, proposed Garth to Committee of South Carolina, 11 April, 1770. W. S. Johnson to Gov. Trnmbull of Connecticut, 14 April, 1770. the repeal of the duty on tea. The King who watched Parliament closely, was indignant at this debate in the teeth of a standing order,
3. Jan. tagu prorogued them, and did it in so illegal a manner, that as a remedy, he dissolved them by a proclamation, and immediately issued writs for choosing a new House; Lord Charles Montagu to the Secretary of State, 21 January, 1773; Charles Garth to Committee of South Carolina, 25 Feb. 1773. thus carrying the subject home to the thoughts of every voter in the Province. This controversy was local; the answers of the Legislature of Massachusetts to its Governor's challenge would be oax America; insisting that no difficulty could arise, that under the new regulation America would be able to buy tea from the Company at a lower price than from any other European Nation, and that men will always go to the cheapest market. Charles Garth to the Committee of Correspondence of South Carolina, London, 4 May, 1773. The Ministry was still in its halcyon days; no opposition was made even by the Whigs; and the mea- May. sure which was the King's own, B. Franklin to William F