eof, having a scientific Latin name (gossypium), but an Arabic common name (goton), which pleasantly reminds us of the great people from whom we derived it.
Herodotus (Book III. c. 106) refers to the cotton of India: The wild trees of that country bear fleeces as their fruit, surpassing those of the sheep in beauty and excellence; and the Indians use cloth made from this tree-wool.
In another place he states that the Indian contingent of the army of Xerxes wore cotton drawers (Book VII., German Baumwolle, tree-wool, c. 65).
Theophrastus, the disciple of Aristotle, derived farther information from the expedition of Alexander, and says: —
The trees from which the Indians make clothes have a leaf like that of the black mulberry, but the whole plant resembles the dog-rose.
They set them in the plains arranged in rows, so as to resemble vines at a distance.
They bear no fruit, but the capsule containing the wool is, when closed, about the size of a quince, and when ripe it expan
m together and prevent slipping.
Some kinds of knots are called hitches and bends, which terms usually indicate that they are chiefly employed for making the rope fast to another object, or for securing two objects together.
1, simple overhand knot.25, lark's head.
2, slip-knot, seized.26, simple boat-knot.
3, single bow-knot.27, loop-knot.
4, square or reef knot.28, double Flemish knot.
5, square bow-knot.29, running knot, checked.
6, weaver's knot.30, crossed running-knot.
7, German, or figure-of-8 knot.31, lashing-knot.
8, two half-hitches, or artificer's knot.33, chain-knot.
34, double chain-knot.
9, double artificer's knot.35, double running-knot with check-knot.
10, simple galley-knot.
11, capstan or prolonge knot.36, double twist-knot.
37, builder's knot.
12, bowline-knot.38, double Flemish knot.
13, rolling-hitch.39, English knot.
14, clove-hitch.40, shortening knot.
15, blackwall-hitch.41, shortening knot.
16, timber-hitch.42, sheep-shank