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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 32 6 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 30 2 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 8 2 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A book of American explorers 7 7 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier 2 2 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 2 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gilbert, Sir Humphrey 1539- (search)
o England soon after wards, he married a rich heiress. In Sir Humphrey Gilbert. 1572 he commanded a squadron of nine ships to reinforce an colonial charter granted by an English monarch. Armed with this, Gilbert sailed for Newfoundland in 1579 with a small squadron; for he did ne of his vessels, and the remainder were compelled to turn back. Gilbert was too much impoverished to undertake another expedition until fo a small squadron, which sailed from Plymouth under the command of Gilbert. The Queen, in token of her good-will, had sent him as a present ad found La Roque almost fifty years before. There, on the shore, Gilbert set up a column with the arms of England upon it, and in the presetorms had shattered his vessels, but, after making slight repairs, Gilbert proceeded to explore the coasts southward. Off Cape Breton he enc, in a rising September gale, the commander of the Hind shouted to Gilbert that they were in great peril. The intrepid navigator was sitting
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New England. (search)
New England. Sir Humphrey Gilbert (1583) and Bartholomew Gosnold (1602) visited the New England coast, and the latter planted a temporary colony there The account given by Gosnold excited desires on the part of friends of Sir Walter Raleigh to make new efforts to found settlements in America, especially in the northeastern parts. Richard Hakluyt, who was learned in naval and commercial science (see Hakluyt, Richard), Martin Pring, and Bartholomew Gosnold, all friends of Raleigh, induced merchants of Bristol to fit out two ships in the spring of 1603 to visit the coasts discovered by Gosnold. Early in April (a fortnight after the death of Queen Elizabeth), the Speedwell, of 50 tons, and the Discoverer, 26 tons, sailed from Milford Haven under the command of Pring, who commanded the larger vessel in person. William Browne was master of the Discoverer, accompanied by Robert Galterns as supercargo or general agent of the expedition They entered Penobscot Bay early in June, and wen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newfoundland. (search)
Newfoundland. In 1504 some adventurous French fishermen of Normandy and other coast provinces of France prosecuted their vocation off the shores of Newfoundland, in the first French vessels that ever appeared there. Sir Humphrey Gilbert arrived at St. John's Harbor, Aug. 3, 1583, where he found thirty-six vessels belonging to various nations. Pitching his tent on shore in sight of all the vessels, he summoned the merchants and masters to assemble on the shore. He had brought 260 men from England, in two ships and three barks, to make a settlement on that island. Being assembled, Gilbert read his commission (which was interpreted to the foreigners), when a twig and piece of turf were presented to him. Then he made proclamation that, by virtue of his commission from Queen Elizabeth, he took possession of the harbor of St. John, and 200 leagues around it each way, for the crown of England. He asserted eminent domain, and that all who should come there should be subject to th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Perryville, battle of. (search)
e for Louisville with Bragg, and, on Oct. 1, turned to strike his opponent. His army, 100,000 strong, was arranged in three corps, commanded respectively by Generals Gilbert, Crittenden, and McCook. Gen. George H. Thomas, Buell's second in command, had charge of the right wing, and soon began to feel the Confederates. Bragg, ou towards Springfield, when Buell, informed that he was moving to concentrate his army at Harrodsburg or Perryville, ordered the central division of his army under Gilbert to march for the latter place. The head of this division, under Gen. R. B. Mitchell, fell in with a heavy force of Confederates (Oct. 7) within 5 miles of Perryves commanded by Bragg in person. The Confederates finally made a fierce charge on the brigade of Lytle, hurling it back with heavy loss. They pressed forward to Gilbert's flank, held by Mitchell and Sheridan. The latter held the king-point of the Union position. He quickly turned his guns on the assailants, when Mitchell sent C
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Plymouth Company. (search)
company extended from lat. 41° to 45° N. Members of the company were in the field of adventure before it was organized. Adventurers from England had been on the coast of New England, but had failed to plant a permanent settlement. The principal members of the company were Sir John Popham (then chief-justice of England, who had, with scandalous injustice, condemned Raleigh to die on the scaffold), his brother George Popham, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Sir John and Raleigh Gilbert (sons of Sir Humphrey Gilbert), William Parker, and Thomas Hanham. In 1606 Justice Popham sent a vessel at his own cost, commanded by Henry Challons, to make further discoveries of the north Virginia region. Challons and his crew of about thirty persons were captured by the Spaniards, and the vessel was confiscated. Soon after the departure of Challons, Thomas Hanham, afterwards one of the company, sailed in a small vessel for America, accompanied by Martin Pring, to discover a good place for a settlement; and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Raleigh, Sir Walter 1552- (search)
ist the Huguenots. He afterwards fought in the Netherlands, and returning to England found that his half-brother, Sir Humphrey Gilbert, had just obtained a patent for establishing a plantation in America. Raleigh joined him, and they sailed for theng his scarlet cloak over a miry place for the Queen to walk upon. Through his influence he obtained another patent for Gilbert, and they again proposed to sail for America. Accident kept Raleigh at home, but Gilbert sailed from Plymouth with fiveGilbert sailed from Plymouth with five ships in 1583, and landing in Newfoundland he took possession of the island in the name of the Queen. Off the coast of Maine the squadron was dispersed, and the vessel in which Gilbert sailed was lost in a storm with all on board. Afterwards RaleGilbert sailed was lost in a storm with all on board. Afterwards Raleigh obtained for himself a patent as lord proprietor of the country extending from Delaware Bay to the mouth of the Santee River, to plant a colony there; and in 1584 he sent two ships thither under the respective commands of Philip Amidas and Arthu
narrowing in the north to about half that distance. New Brunswick and the St. Croix River form the eastern and northern boundary; the Canadian province of Quebec lies to the northwest, and New Hampshire to the west below lat. 45° 20′. Area, 33,040 square miles in sixteen counties. Population, 1890, 661,086; 1900, 694,466. Capital, Augusta, since 1832. First Englishman known to have conducted an expedition to the shores of Maine, then Norumbega, was John Walker, in the service of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, who reached the Penobscot River......1580 Speedwell and Discoverer, from Bristol, England, commanded by Martin Pring, enter Penobscot Bay and the mouth of a river, probably the Saco......June 7, 1603 Henry IV. of France grants to Pierre de Gast Sieur de Monts all the territory between lat. 40° and 46° N., and appoints him governor of the country, which is called Acadia......Nov. 8, 1603 De Monts, accompanied by M. de Poutrincourt, and Samuel Champlain, visits his patent, a
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 1: travellers and explorers, 1583-1763 (search)
ew World because they made a voyage along its coastline or resided for a little while at some seaside settlement. Sir Humphrey Gilbert on his homeward voyage from the New-found-land in 1583, sitting abaft with a book in his hand, while the Golden Hiigh pyramidwise, is the finest type of the seamen who made the English occupation of America possible. The narrative of Gilbert's fatal voyage, written by Edward Haie, found a place in the ample store-house of adventurous records which makes all whsh the debtors of Richard Hakluyt. It is an accident of geography which gives American readers a valid claim upon Humphrey Gilbert and his precursors and successors who told their straightforward tales for Hakluyt or for the booksellers who issuedcial attraction in the earlier days upon the adventurers who felt a longing to express themselves in literary form. Humphrey Gilbert was accompanied thither by the learned Stephen Parmenius of Buda, whose Latin verses Ad Thamesin are preserved on Ha
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Index. (search)
phy, a, 82 General Historie of Virginia, New England, and the summer Isles, the, 17 General magazine and historical chronicles for all the British colonies in America, the, 95, 121 Gentleman's magazine, the, 98, 121 Geography made easy, 187 George II, 125 George II, III, 125, 168, 216 George Balcombe, 312 Georgia Spec., or land in the Moon, a, 219 Gerry, Elbridge, 148 Gerstacker, Friedrich, 325 Gibbon, Edward, 343 Gifford, William, 171, 178, 206, 249 Gilbert, Sir, Humphrey, I, 3 Gladiator, the, 221, 224 Glance at New York, a, 228 Gleaner, 233 Gloria Brittannorum, 159 Glory of Columbia, the, 219, 226 Godfrey, Thomas, 122, 216-217, 218 Godfrey, Thomas, Jr., 122, 161, 176, 177 God's controversy with New England, 157 God's Protecting Providence, etc., 7 Godwin, Parke, 260 n., 262 n., 266 n., 269 n., 272 n., 276, 277, 277 n., 282 n. Godwin, William, 288, 290, 291, 292, 307, 331 Goethe, 188, 212, 268, 332 Golden Fleece, t
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Chapter 12: Whittier the poet (search)
Edwin D. Mead reported, after attending many popular meetings in England, in 1901, that they heard Whittier and Longfellow quoted and sung more freely than any other poets. It is especially to be noticed that in Whittier's poems of the sea there is a salt breath, a vigorous companionship-perhaps because he was born and bred near it — not to be found in either of his companion authors. There is doubtless a dramatic movement, an onward sweep in Longfellow's Wreck of the Hesperus and Sir Humphrey Gilbert such as Whittier never quite attained, and the same may be true of the quiet, emotional touch in Longfellow's The fire of Driftwood ; nor was there ever produced in America, perhaps, any merely meditative poem of the sea so thoughtful and so perfect in execution as Holmes's The Chambered Nautilus. Among American poets less known, Brownlee Brown's Thalatta and Helen Jackson's Spoken were respectively beyond him in their different directions. But for the daily atmosphere and life, not
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