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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 22 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Capote, Domingo Mendez 1863- (search)
Capote, Domingo Mendez 1863- Statesman; born in Cardenas, Cuba, in 1863; received his education at the University of Havana, where he later served as a professor of law for many years. Prior to the last Cuban insurrection he was known as one of the most distinguished lawyers on the island. In December, 1895, he abandoned his practice to join the Cuban forces under Gen. Maximo Gomez. Afterwards he reached the rank of brigadiergeneral and also served as civilian governor of Matanzas and of Las Villas In November, 1897, he was elected vice-president of the republic of Cuba. After the adoption in convention of the new Cuban constitution early in 1901, he was appointed chairman of a commission of five members selected by the convention to confer with President McKinley and Secretary Root in Washington in regard to a constitutional recognition of the future relations of the United States with Cuba. This conference was held in April.
on began the republic was again proclaimed, and the old flag of 1868, a triangular blue union with a single star and five stripes, three red and two white, was adopted. On Aug. 7, Gen. Bartolomo Masco was made President of the provisional government. On Sept. 23 the revolutionists proclaimed the independence of Cuba, established a permanent republican government, and adopted a constitution. Salvadore Cisneros Betancourt Captain-General's Palace, Havana. was proclaimed President, Gen. Maximo Gomez was made commander-in-chief, and Gen. Antonio Maceo was made lieutenantgeneral. The patriots were uniformly successful in the early engagements. During 1895 Spain sent 50,000 troops to the island. On Feb. 5, 1896, a resolution recommending that the Cubans be recognized as belligerents was introduced in the United States Senate, and on Feb. 27, a similar one was presented to the House. On Feb. 28, the Senate resolution was adopted by a vote of 64 to 6. This action aroused great i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garcia, Calixto 1836- (search)
y as the Ten years War. On Oct. 10, 1868, he took up arms with Marmol at the head of 150 men. For a time great success attended them, and they captured many towns. For courage and ability in these actions Garcia was made brigadier-general under Gomez. Later the provisional government made him commander-in-chief of the Cuban forces in place of Gomez. removed. On Sept. 3, 1873, his victorious career suffered a decided reverse. With twenty men he was attacked by 500 Spaniards at San Antonio dGomez. removed. On Sept. 3, 1873, his victorious career suffered a decided reverse. With twenty men he was attacked by 500 Spaniards at San Antonio del Babor. When commanded to surrender he determined to die by his own hand rather than submit to capture. Placing a revolver in his mouth he fired upward. The ball came out at his forehead, and he carried a scar for life. He was taken to Manzanillo in his wounded condition, and when he recovered was sent to Spain. After peace was made in 1878 he was pardoned and returned to Cuba. He did not, however. consider the peace either honorable or binding, and took part in the little war, in whic
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gomez, Maximo (search)
Gomez, Maximo Military officer; born of Spanish parents in Bani, San Domingo, in 1838. He entered the Spanish army, and served as a lieutenant of cavalry during the last occupation of that island by Spain. In the war with Haiti he greatly distinguished himself in the battle of San Tome, where with twenty men he routed a munt Cespedes. Along with the latter and General Agramonte, he captured Jugnani, Bayamo, Tunas, and Holguin. He also took Guaimaro, Nuevitas, Santa Cruz, and Maximo Gomez. Cascorro, and fought in the battles of Palo Sico and Las Guasimas. Later he invaded Santa Clara and defeated General Jovellar. He was promoted to the rank o succeeded him as commander-in-chief. When Gen. Martinez Campos was sent to Cuba in 1878 and succeeded in persuading the Cuban leaders to make terms of peace, General Gomez withdrew to Jamaica, refusing to remain under Spanish rule. Subsequently he went to San Domingo, where he lived on a farm until the beginning of the revolutio
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
v. 27, 1520, to which he gave the name Pacific. He was killed at one of the Philippine Islands, by the natives, April 17, 1521. Only one of his ships, under Sebastian del Cano, reached Seville (the first ship to circumnavigate the globe)......Sept. 8, 1522 Verazzano, Giovanni de, Florentine navigator; born near Florence in 1470; died either at Newfoundland or Puerto del Rico in 1527. Explores for France the North American coast as far north as New York and Narraganset bays......1524 Gomez, Esteban, Spanish navigator, born in Spain in 1478 (?); died at sea in 1530 (?); explores the eastern coast perhaps as far north as Connecticut......1525 Ayllon, Lucas Vasquez de, Spanish explorer, died in Virginia......Oct. 18, 1526 [Sailing, with three vessels and 600 persons, with supplies for a colony, along the coast, he enters Chesapeake Bay and attempts a settlement near Jamestown, where he died. His colonists returned to Santo Domingo in the spring of 1527.] Pizarro, Franci
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Weyler y Nicolau, Valeriano 1840- (search)
y movement was that against General Maceo, in the western part of the province of Pinar del Rio. No attention was paid to Gomez, who was in the province of Havana. Ten engagements were fought against Maceo's forces within fifteen days, with no apurned to Havana. He announced with complacency that Pinar del Rio was free from rebels. His second campaign was against Gomez. In the mean time the Spanish press had succeeded in arousing a feeling of dissatisfaction with the captain-general, butgain took the field, and spread destruction and ruin throughout the province of Matanzas, one of the pacified districts. Gomez succeeded in eluding Weyler in Matanzas, and only a few skirmishes ensued. These were reported as Spanish victories. Weyler next advanced into Santa Clara, where he was clearly outwitted by Gomez, but here again he had recourse to the torch. The captain-general was again in Havana on March 5, and on March 23 he instituted his unsuccessful campaign against Garcia.