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for it, could not have assigned him to a more favorable refuge. His introduction to the citizens of New Salem, as Mentor Graham Nicolay and Hay in the Century make the mistake of spelling this man's name Menton Graham. In all the letters andGraham. In all the letters and papers from him he signs himself Mentor in every case.--J. W. W. the school-teacher tells us, was in the capacity of clerk of an election board. Graham furnishes ample testimony of the facility, fairness, and honesty which characterized the new cleGraham furnishes ample testimony of the facility, fairness, and honesty which characterized the new clerk's work, and both teacher and clerk were soon bound together by the warmest of ties. During the day, when votes were coming in slowly, Lincoln began to entertain the crowd at the polls with a few attempts at story-telling. My cousin, J. R. Herndoed to overcome all these obstacles by mastering the intricacies of grammatical construction. Acting on the advice of Mentor Graham he hunted up one Vaner, who was the reputed owner of Kirkham's Grammar, and after a walk of several miles returned to
es. Pettifogging. stories and poetry. Referee in rural sports. deputy surveyor under John Calhoun. studying with Mentor Graham. postmaster at New Salem. the incident with Chandler. feats of strength. second race for the Legislature. electihim with books, directing him to study them till he felt competent to begin work. He again invoked the assistance of Mentor Graham, the schoolmaster, who aided him in his efforts at calculating the results of surveys and measurements. Lincoln was not a mathematician by nature, and hence, with him, learning meant labor. Graham's daughter is authority for the statement that her father and Lincoln frequently sat up till midnight engrossed in calculations, and only ceased when her mother drove wood for the fire. Meanwhile Lincoln was keeping up his law studies. He studied to see the subject-matter clearly, says Graham, and to express it truly and strongly. I have known him to study for hours the best way of three to express an idea. He
to work at once, and within a short time had accumulated by commendable effort a comfortable amount of property. Within three years he owned a farm, and a half interest with Samuel Hill in the leading store. He had good capacity for business, and was a valuable addition to that already pretentious village — New Salem. It was while living at James Cameron's house that this plucky and industrious young business man first saw Anne Rutledge. At that time she was attending the school of Mentor Graham, a pedagogue of local renown whose name is frequently met with in these pages, and who flourished in and around New Salem from 1829 to 1860. McNeil fell deeply in love with the school-girl — she was then only seventeen--and paid her the usual unremitting attentions young lovers of that age had done before him and are still doing today. His partner in the store, Samuel Hill, a young man of equal force of character, who afterwards amassed a comfortable fortune, and also wielded no little
to come. Scribes were not plenty on the frontier, and Mentor Graham, the clerk who was present, looking around for a propeot only to the general satisfaction, but so as to interest Graham, who was a schoolmaster, and afterward made himself very ueling his way to his destiny when, in conversation with Mentor Graham, the schoolmaster, he indicated his desire to use some ish grammar. It was entirely in the nature of things that Graham should encourage this mental craving, and tell him: If youoln said that if he had a grammar he would begin at once. Graham was obliged to confess that there was no such book at New ner's and procured the precious volume, and, probably with Graham's occasional help, found no great difficulty in mastering at time, we may fairly infer that, slight as may have been Graham's education, he must have had other books from which, togef Kirkham's Grammar, and educational conversations with Mentor Graham, in the somewhat rude but frank and hearty companionshi
us recorded by Lincoln: The surveyor of Sangamon offered to depute to Abraham that portion of his work which was within his part of the county. He accepted, procured a compass and chain, studied Flint and Gibson a little, and went at it. This procured bread, and kept soul and body together. Tradition has it that Calhoun not only gave him the appointment, but lent him the book in which to study the art, which he accomplished in a period of six weeks, aided by the schoolmaster, Mentor Graham. The exact period of this increase in knowledge and business capacity is not recorded, but it must have taken place in the summer of 1833, as there exists a certificate of survey in Lincoln's handwriting signed, J. Calhoun, S. S. C., by A. Lincoln, dated January 14, 1834. Before June of that year he had surveyed and located a public road from Musick's Ferry on Salt Creek, via New Salem, to the county line in the direction to Jacksonville, twenty-six miles and seventy chains in length,