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Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book I:—Richmond. (search)
posing upon McClellan the necessity of operating by way of the north, the President did not appreciate the advantages of a march along the line of the James, which Grant's last campaign so clearly demonstrated four years later. If McClellan could have foreseen how deceptive were the promises of reinforcement made to him at the timay, his departure was fixed for the 26th. He had a march of seventy-two kilometres before him between Fredericksburg and Richmond, through a difficult country, as Grant was to find out two years later, but in which, owing to the position occupied by McClellan before Richmond, the Confederates could not have offered any serious resces than at Fair Oaks. General Lee had assumed the command made vacant by Johnston's wound. His first efforts in the war had not been more brilliant than those of Grant, his future opponent, and he was personally but little known to the troops he was about to lead into battle. But his companions in the Mexican expedition had not
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book II:—the naval war. (search)
had taken his troops back to Corinth, leaving Grant on the field of battle near Pittsburg Landing.ered to invasion. By ascending the Tennessee, Grant had succeeded in taking Fort Donelson in the rered necessary by the independent positions of Grant and Buell, was henceforth indispensable. He lding on the 9th of April. Before his arrival, Grant had taken the first step in the direction whicts. They were divided into three large corps. Grant's old army, called the army of the Tennessee, lernand, and was under command of the latter. Grant had been deprived of all effective directions his modest and hard-working man, he had placed Grant in a position which was equally odd and false; centre, Buell had arrived by two roads, while Grant, on the right wing, had led the three columns me, and to allow him great freedom of action. Grant urged Halleck in vain to cross Philips Creek ah of April had secured to the Federals through Grant's tenacity and the opportune arrival of Buell.
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book III:—Maryland. (search)
a striking vindication at a later period, pointed out to Halleck on the map the position of Petersburg, Report of the Committee on the Conduct of the War, vol. i., Halleck's Memorandum, p. 454. and proposed to him to seize it by crossing over to the south bank of the James. Once master of this point, he could cut the communications of Richmond with the south, and secure the fall of the capital without having to attack it in front. He was thus foreshadowing the plan followed precisely by Grant in the last campaign of the war; and when Halleck, according to his own statement, rejected it as dangerous and impracticable, he little foresaw the events which, two years later, so completely belied his predictions. The commander-in-chief, however, informed McClellan that the President authorized him to make a direct attack upon Richmond if a reinforcement of twenty thousand men would suffice him for that operation; otherwise, the army was to leave the peninsula and join Pope. After some
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—Kentucky (search)
stern States, and a considerable detachment of Grant's army, hastily sent over from Corinth. Theseartments; that of West Tennessee, placed under Grant, with the troops which had been left him, was hrough which he communicated with his chief. Grant, in order to be ready to hold the enemy in chece sent Armstrong's brigade of cavalry to feel Grant's position on the Hatchie. On the 30th of A But instead of concentrating all his troops, Grant thought himself sufficiently strong to divide 8th it was still thirty kilometres from Iuka. Grant, having been notified in time, directed Ord nonnessee. Memphis would have been besieged and Grant driven back under the guns of Donelson, his ficut off Rosecrans from any reinforcements that Grant might send him. To accomplish his object, he ptary operations had been skilfully conducted. Grant with his small army had defended a long and vhe object which from that moment engrossed all Grant's thoughts. But at that period Bragg occupied[17 more...]
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book V:—Tennessee. (search)
few days. Finally, on the 12th of November, Grant was given permission, to quote the words in Haed the banks of the Tallahatchie, toward which Grant was leading all his forces. He had then sevendrawing them still farther into the interior. Grant therefore concluded that he could not push hisnt from headquarters to watch him. He received Grant's despatch on the evening of the 19th, but thiilway from Humboldt to Columbus, through which Grant received his supplies. For some days he was mnd Forrest had struck the blow which compelled Grant to relinquish the part he was to have played ience in person. As soon as he was informed of Grant's retreat, he had put in motion a portion of hencounters, they were not even able to prevent Grant from sending reinforcements to Buell, which, bhow this error caused the reverse sustained by Grant on the Yallabusha. We shall show the danger trates was to conceal their weakness, to menace Grant if possible and to prevent Rosecrans at all ha[46 more...]
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book VI:—Virginia. (search)
the very first contracted the habit of making no abatement from the figures given by deserters and fugitive negroes, and thereby furnished General McClellan with statements regarding the condition of the Confederate army which had no foundation in fact. Thus, for instance, whilst Lee was only able to oppose forty thousand men at Sharpsburg, McClellan imagined that he had to deal with ninety-seven thousand combatants. See state of the situation in the Appendix. As will presently be seen, Grant committed a contrary error in his campaign against Vicksburg, when, thinking that his adversary was not so strong as he really was, he attacked him with a degree of boldness which proved successful, but which such a general as Lee would probably have made him pay dear for. On the 22d of September the Federals entered Harper's Ferry without opposition, of which place they were already virtually in possession through the occupation of Maryland Heights. As a tete de pont this point possess
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book VII:—politics. (search)
om the theatre of war, enervated many soldiers whose courage would otherwise have been stimulated by the prospect of a long and cruel captivity. In the beginning of 1862 the capture of Fort Donelson effected a change in the proportion of prisoners in favor of the North. The fourteen thousand men included in the capitulation were retained by the Federals, who, having abundant means of transportation, desired to send them to the Western States, where their presence might afford evidence that Grant's victory had not been exaggerated. The government of Washington was, moreover, anxious to avail itself of the advantage it then possessed to regulate the conditions of exchanges in a precise manner, so as to obtain the release of all the officers held captives in the South. The Confederates did indeed have a certain number of Federals as hostages at Richmond, many of them of high rank, who were held responsible for the treatment accorded in the North both to pirates and partisans, and som
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), chapter 9 (search)
s, Major-general Hardee. 1st Division, Patton Anderson. Powell's brigade, Adams' brigade, Jones' brigade, Brown's brigade. 2d, Division, Buckner. Lidell's brigade, Cleburne's brigade, Johnson's brigade, Wood's brigade. 3d corps (without commander, the corps being divided). 1st Division, Cheatham. Smith's brigade, Donelson's brigade, Stuart's brigade, Maney's brigade. 2d Division, Withers. Ii. Battle of Corinth. Federal army. Department of West Tennessee, Major-general Grant. Division, Sherman, Brigade, ......; brigade, ...... Division, Hurlbut. Veatch's brigade, Lauman's brigade. Division, Ord. Brigade, .....; brigade, ..... Division, McPherson. Brigade, ......; brigade, ...... 2d army of the Mississippi, Major-general Rosecrans. 2d Division, Stanley. Mower's brigade, Murphy's brigade, Fuller's brigade. 3d Division, Hamilton. 1st Brigade, Sanborn; 11th Brigade, Sullivan; Buford's brigade. Division, Mackean. Crooker's Brigade, M