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Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 30: Averill's raid and the winter campaign. (search)
ncement of the subsequent campaign, though it took part in the defence of Petersburg and the attack on Butler by General Beauregard. We remained in position in our old place until the opening of the spring campaign. In the meantime Major General U. S. Grant had been assigned to the command of all the armies of the United States, with the rank of Lieutenant General, and had come to take immediate command of the army confronting us, which army was being very greatly strengthened by recruits, and 6th, and 9th corps under Burnside, which had been very greatly increased, was added to the force in our front. The Army of the Potomac, and the 9th corps, with the artillery and cavalry, the latter having been largely increased, constituted Grant's immediate command, though he had a general control of all the forces. By the last of May it was very evident that the enemy was making very formidable preparations for a campaign against us, and to meet them we had but what remained of the
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 31: from the Rapidan to the James. (search)
rmy under General Lee, and the Federal Army under Lieutenant General Grant in Virginia, were as follows: General Lee held threet's corps were encamped in the rear, near Gordonsville. Grant's army (composed of the Army of the Potomac under Meade, anhat the available force present for duty, May 1st, 1864, in Grant's army, was 141,166, to-wit: In the Army of the Potomac 120e other troops on garrison and local duty, and this enabled Grant to put in the field a large number of troops which had been order to repair the losses of the Army of the Potomac; and Grant says that, at Spottsylvania Court-House, the 13th, 14th, 15 with Butler. On the 4th of May, it was discovered that Grant's army was moving towards Germana Ford on the Rapidan, whicrd to Richmond passes by Spottsylvania Court-House and when Grant had effected his crossing, he was nearer to Richmond than Gsses the Plank road. As soon as it was ascertained that Grant's movement was a serious one, preparations were made to mee
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 32: battles of the Wilderness. (search)
n threatening our left had been withdrawn, and it had been ascertained that Burnside had gone to Grant's left, on account of the heavy fighting on that flank, at my suggestion, General Ewell ordered y division to Gordon, the senior brigadier left with it, and assumed command of Hill's corps. Grant says General Lee had the advantage of position. As the latter had to move from his lines on the Rapidan and attack Grant in the Wilderness, how happened it that he was enabled to get the advantage of position, after the two days fighting? He also says that General Lee was enabled to reach Spoositions at the Wilderness, their lines were parallel to the road to Spottsylvania Court-House. Grant had the possession of the direct road to that place, and he had the start. General Lee had to mee had to move on the circuitous route by Shady Grove, and he was enabled to arrive there first with part of his infantry, because his cavalry held Grant's advance in check for nearly an entire day.
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 33: battles around Spottsylvania. (search)
uccessful; but as he was compelled to retire, Thomas was withdrawn. Subsequently, the enemy retired from Heth's and Wilcox's fronts; and on the afternoon of the 21st Wilcox was sent out on the road leading from Mahone's front across the Ny with two of his brigades to feel the enemy, and found him still in force behind entrenched lines, and had a brisk engagement with that force. While Wilcox was absent, an order was received by me, from General Lee, to turn over to General Hill the command of his corps, as he had reported for duty. I did so at once and thus terminated my connection with this corps, which I had commanded during all the trying scenes around Spottsylvania Court-House. The officers and men of the corps had all behaved well, and contributed in no small degree to the result by which Grant was compelled to wait six days for reinforcements from Washington, before he could resume the offensive or make another of his flank movements to get between General Lee's army and
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 34: operations near Hanover Junction. (search)
ivision of Longstreet's corps, and Breckenridge with two small brigades of infantry, and a battalion of artillery. These, with Hoke's brigade, were the first and only reinforcements received by General Lee since the opening of the campaign. Yet Grant's immense army, notwithstanding the advantage gained by it on the 12th of May, had been so crippled, that it was compelled to wait six days at Spottsylvania Court-House for reinforcements from Washington, before it could resume the offensive. Bron, before it could resume the offensive. Breckenridge's infantry numbered less than 3,000 muskets. Grant puts it at 15,000 and says, The army sent to operate against Richmond having hermetically sealed itself up at Bermuda Hundreds, the enemy was enabled to bring the most, if not all the reinforcements brought from the South by Beauregard against the Army of the Potomac. He therefore determined to try another flank movement, and to get more reinforcements from the army at Bermuda Hundreds.
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 35: battles of Cold Harbor. (search)
the intersection of the road from Hanover Town (the point at which Grant crossed the Pamunkey), by Pole Green Church to Richmond, with the rit was very important that it should be occupied, as it intercepted Grant's direct march towards Richmond. All of these movements were made e, but Rodes was subsequently moved to the west side of the creek. Grant's movement to our right, towards Cold Harbor, was continued on the erwise our loss was not severe. On the next day (the 3rd), when Grant made an attack at Cold Harbor in which he suffered very heavily, thto the rear of our lines. Since the fighting at the Wilderness, Grant had made it an invariable practice to cover his front, flank, and rapidan to James River. When I moved on the morning of the 13th, Grant had already put his army in motion to join Butler, on James River, give up, in despair, the attempt to reach Richmond in that way. Grant, in describing his movement from Spottsylvania Court-House to Hanov
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 37: pursuit of Hunter. (search)
's army; and those between Richmond and Charlottesville had been cut by Sheridan's cavalry, from Grant's army; so that there was no communication with Breckenridge. Hunter was supposed to be at Stau had fought on the 11th and 12th. Hampton had defeated Sheridan and was then in pursuit of him. Grant, in his report, says that on the 11th Sheridan drove our cavalry from the field, in complete rou or moving so as to attack Lynchburg on the south where it was vulnerable, or to attempt to join Grant on the south side of James River. Pursuit could not, therefore, be made at once, as a mistake, supplies at tha time. I should, therefore, have been compelled to follow him. In his report Grant says: General Hunter, owing to a want of ammunition to give battle, retired from before the plac were to have destroyed General Lee's communications and depots of supplies and then have joined Grant. Can it be believed that Hunter set out on so important an expedition with an insufficient supp
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 39: battle of Monocacy. (search)
the railroad bridge and pursued the enemy's flying forces and Rodes crossed on the left and joined in the pursuit. Echols' division, which had been left to guard the trains, was ordered up during the engagement, but was not needed. The pursuit was soon discontinued, as Wallace's entire force had taken the road towards Baltimore, and I did not desire prisoners. Wallace's force I estimated at 8,000 or 10,000 men, and it was ascertained that one division of the 6th corps (Rickett's), from Grant's army, was in the fight. Between 600 and 700 unwounded prisoners fell into our hands, and the enemy's loss in killed and wounded was very heavy. Our loss in killed and wounded was about 700, and among them were Brigadier General Evans wounded, and Colonel Lamar of the 61st Georgia Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Tavener of the 17th Virginia Cavalry and Lieutenant Hobson of Nelson's artillery, killed. The action closed about sunset, and we had marched fourteen miles before it commenced. All
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 40: in front of Washington. (search)
out to give us information, and this satisfied me that the place was not undefended. I knew that troops had arrived from Grant's army, for prisoners had been captured from Rickett's division of the 6th corps at Monocacy. From Sharpsburg I had snear Baltimore informing me that he had received information, from a reliable source, that two corps had arrived from General Grant's army, and that his whole army was probably in motion. This caused me to delay the attack until I could examine the had arrived in sight of the dome of the Capitol, and given the Federal authorities a terrible fright. In his report, Grant says, in regard to the condition of things when I moved towards Washington, The garrisons of Baltimore and Washington werth corps under General Gilmore and a part of the 19th corps, just arrived from New Orleans under General Emory. Taking Grant's statement of the troops which had arrived from his army, they were sufficient to hold the works against my troops, at l
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 44: retreat to Fisher's Hill. (search)
nder proved to be Major General Sheridan, from Grant's army. On the 10th, we moved from Bunker Hilbeen a considerable accession to that arm from Grant's army. Just before night, Gordon had veryrbert's and Wilson's divisions of cavalry from Grant's army had joined Sheridan's force, and that troad and canal, and return all the troops from Grant's army to him. Being compelled to occupy the pen. My estimate is from the following data: in Grant's letter to Hunter, dated at Monocacy, August ses. Sheridan relieved Hunter on the 6th, and Grant says in his report, On the 7th of August, the ek in September, 10,000 men. The extracts from Grant's report go to confirm this statement, as, if f the 6th and 19th corps, and the cavalry from Grant's army. The infantry of the Army of the Potomrcements and recruits received, the carnage in Grant's army must have been frightful indeed. The 1e enemy had a telegraph office, I learned that Grant was with Sheridan that day, and I expected an [1 more...]
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