the general rights of a belligerent over the enemy's person.
To these are added, by modern usage, all persons who are not organized or called into military service, though capable of its duties, but who are lett to pursue their usual pacific avocations.
All these are regarded as non-combatants.
Halleck, Laws of War, chap.
16, sec. 2.
General Sherman admits, in his Memoirs, that he burned stores and dwellings; that the heart of the city was in flames all night; that he telegraphed to Grant he had made a wreck of Atlanta,
Sherman's Memoirs, vol.
II, page 154. which he afterwards termed the ruined city.
The following quotations will show whether or not he was justified in this destruction of property:
And with respect to things, the case is the same as with respect to persons — things belonging to the enemy, continue such wherever they are. But we are not hence to conclude, any more than in the case of persons, that we everywhere possess a right to treat these things a