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enty dollars in gold. This aspect of affairs-our pay being only about sixty dollars a monthcompelled us to hold consultation with our brother officers and to adopt the only alternative: to proceed on foot to whatever quarters we desired to occupy. After having been stationed a short period at Benicia Barracks, I was directed to report for duty to Captain Judah at Fort Jones, Scott's Valley, in the northern portion of California. Colonel Buchanan was in command of my regiment, with Captain U. S. Grant as Quarter Master. It was at this post I formed a warm attachment to Lieutenant George Crook, now Brigadier General in the Army, and who has so signally distinguished himself as an Indian fighter. Although he completed his course at West Point a year before I graduated, his purse was not much longer than my own; it became therefore necessary for us to devise some plan to get along in this country of gold and extravagance. We concluded to associate ourselves with Doctor Sorrell and
ssed to you before leaving Richmond, to have this Army strengthened, so as to enable us to move to the rear of the enemy and with a certainty of success. An addition of ten or fifteen thousand (10,000 or 15,000) men will allow us to advance. We can do so anyhow by uniting with Longstreet. But so much depends upon the success of our arms on this line, that I thoroughly appreciate the importance of collecting together all the forces we possibly can, in order to destroy the Army under General Grant. We should march to the front as soon as possible, so as not to allow the enemy to concentrate, and advance upon us. The addition of a few horses for our artillery will place this Army in fine condition. It is well clothed, well fed, the transportation is excellent and in the greatest possible quantity required. I feel that a move from this position, in sufficient force, will relieve our entire country. The troops under Generals Polk and Loring having united with the forces here,
stance, leaving his cavalry to observe and check the advance of the enemy. General Grant subsequently appeared in his front, with a large and well-equipped Army. An a speech in the course of which he referred to this desperate onslaught, that Grant had been jostled, not driven back; and that any one of the men he had sent prevn, as in his endeavor to find a parallel to his campaign in that of Lee against Grant, from the Rappahannock to Petersburg: they in truth are the opposite of one ano: Johnston's Narrative, page 294. Your letter by Colonel Sale received. Grant is at Nashville. Where Grant is we must expect the great Federal effort. We oGrant is we must expect the great Federal effort. We ought, therefore, to be prepared to beat him here --at Dalton. In his written reply to the same, he says: Johnston's Narrative, page 295. We cannot estimate the trative, page 296. I would have the troops assemble here without delay, to repel Grant's attack and then make our own. It is hereby evident that as long as Genera
ns; that, consequently, he had nothing to fear from the direction of Macon, and that one division would have sufficed to protect his rear, south of the city. When Grant marched round Pemberton at Vicksburg, and placed his rear in front of General Johnston, commanding an Army of twenty-five or thirty thousand men at Jackson, Missisany similar moves of the immortal Jackson, and receive the tribute due to the talent and boldness which planned and achieved it. It was, however, fortunate for General Grant that a Stonewall was not at Jackson, Mississippi. No especial daring on the part of General Sherman would have been required to carry out the operations I have designated, since he had no enemy to fear in his rear. General Grant was reported, at this period, to have said that the Confederacy was but a shell. As I have just remarked, I could not have received in time sufficiently reliable information to justify a change from the north to the south side of Atlanta, and to attack the F
the general rights of a belligerent over the enemy's person. To these are added, by modern usage, all persons who are not organized or called into military service, though capable of its duties, but who are lett to pursue their usual pacific avocations. All these are regarded as non-combatants. Halleck, Laws of War, chap. 16, sec. 2. General Sherman admits, in his Memoirs, that he burned stores and dwellings; that the heart of the city was in flames all night; that he telegraphed to Grant he had made a wreck of Atlanta, Sherman's Memoirs, vol. II, page 154. which he afterwards termed the ruined city. The following quotations will show whether or not he was justified in this destruction of property: And with respect to things, the case is the same as with respect to persons — things belonging to the enemy, continue such wherever they are. But we are not hence to conclude, any more than in the case of persons, that we everywhere possess a right to treat these things a
lties which had risen before General Lee, when Grant crossed the Rappahannock, and the battles of t than once from the same line then occupied by Grant. The difficulties which surrounded me even ad bridge across the river, and telegraphed to Grant he would attack me if I struck his road south the same day he sent the following dispatch to Grant, at City Point: It will be a physical impome page I find the following telegram from General Grant: City Point, November 1st, 1864, 6 p Rome, Georgia, November 2d, 1864. Lieutenant General U. S. Grant, City Point, Virginia. Your discky and Ohio or march direct to the support of Grant. If he returned to confront my forces, or folrman. If on the other hand he marched to join Grant, I could pass through the Cumberland gaps to Petersburg, and attack Grant in rear, at least two weeks before he, Sherman, could render him assistance. This move, I believed, would defeat Grant, and allow General Lee, in command of our combine[1 more...]
od. General Beauregard agrees with me as to my plan of operation. Would like to be informed if any forces are sent from Grant or Sheridan, to Nashville. J. B. Hood, General. At this juncture, I was advised of the President's opposition to theed by his reply: Richmond, November 7th, I864. Via Meridian. General J. B. Hood. No troops can have been sent by Grant or Sheridan to Nashville. The latter has attempted to reinforce the former, but Early's movements prevented it. That facGeneral Lee to save the Confederacy, lay in speedy success in Tennessee and Kentucky, and in my ability finally to attack Grant in rear with my entire force. On the 9th, I telegraphed to the Secretary of War: [no. 38.]headquarters Tuscumbor South Carolina, to repair at once to the defence of Kentucky and, perhaps, Ohio, and thus prevent him from reinforcing Grant. Meanwhile, supplies might be sent to Virginia from Middle and East Tennessee, thus relieving Georgia from the present c
einforcements from the Trans-Mississippi Department, it will nevertheless be of interest to note how deeply concerned General Grant became for fear we should finally reach Kentucky. He ordered General Thomas to attack on the 6th of December, and evf his delay in assaulting according to instructions. This order was issued on that date, but was afterwards suspended by Grant. On the 11th, at 4 p. m., he again telegraphed General Thomas. Van Horne's History Army of the Cumberland, vol. II, the Ohio, and you will be forced to act, accepting such weather as you find. * * * * The following dispatch from General Grant to Thomas gives strong evidence that in this campaign we had thrust at the vitals of the enemy: Van Horne's Histoille, but receiving a dispatch from Van Duzen, detailing your splendid success of to-day, I shall go no further. * * * U. S. Grant, Lieutenant General. He could not well afford to allow us to reach Kentucky, and finally assail him in rear at Pet