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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.1 (search)
fought the war of secession to the end and had laid down their arms upon guarantees given by General Grant, who commanded all the United States armies and was universally recognized as the savior of ch may well be considered providential interventions. One of these was the declaration by General Grant that no policy of violence and outrage could be perpetrated upon the military officers and sas the prisoners regarded their paroles and kept faith upon which they had ceased fighting. General Grant was at that time universally popular, and so complete was his hold upon the regard of the perivations, and the Federal authorities strenuously opposed any exchange of prisoners of war. General Grant, commanding the United States Armies, wrote the following on the subject: City Point, Va.from hearing that some five hundred or six hundred prisoners had been sent to General Foster. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant General. The following from the official statistics of prisoners on both side
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.2 (search)
the prisoners from Andersonville. In the first letter, in saying that the United States authorities are to blame, Mr. Davis was referring to the refusal of General Grant to exchange prisoners with General Lee. Grant said: If we commence a system of exchange which liberates all prisoners taken we shall have to fight on until thGrant said: If we commence a system of exchange which liberates all prisoners taken we shall have to fight on until the whole South is exterminated. If we hold those caught, they amount to no more than dead men. In regard to Stanton's report, Mr. Davis had in mind those statistics which he later gave in his book, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. Federal prisoners held by the Confederates 270,000, of whom 22,576 died; Confedera diet, and the absence of the proper medicine for such diseases as existed. It was under those circumstances that I sent General Lee to hold an interview with General Grant, and press on him the necessity for resuming the exchange of prisoners according to the cartel. He failed to awake any of that tender regard for the prisoners
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The last charge from the Danville, Va., Bee, April 20, 1907. (search)
ter to Captain Bouldin, which was referred to by the speaker and is reproduced here: Steels' Tavern, Augusta Co., Va. April 6th, 1899. Captain E. E. Bouldin, Co. B., 14th Va. Cavalry. Dear Sir,—I note your letter in the Rockbridge News of recent date, asking members of the 14th Va. Cavalry, to write you at Danville what they remember of the last charge of the 14th at Appomattox C. H. The ever memorable day of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia by Gen. R. E. Lee, to Gen. U. S. Grant. Let us go back in the history of the regiment for a time. * * * After a few days the retreat from Petersburg and Richmond was commenced, the battles of Butterwood Creek and Dinwiddie C. H., and Five Forks, and they were hot and we had it all the way to Appomattox C. H.—skirmish, picket, scout — with very little to eat and no forage for our horses, scarcely. It was an awful retreat. Yankees, by the thousand, after us, and on our flanks. The day and night before we reached Appomat<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Soldier's story of J. E. B. Stuart's death. (search)
at so near did the Yankees come that they could look into their eyes and even club them with the butts of their guns. It was in this battle that trees were torn and cut through and fell from the steady hail of minie bullets. So desperately did Grant's men press their assaults that, as the gossip in our army was, a portion of our line faltered and was giving way when General Lee himself rode up, but his men made him go to the rear with cries of Lee to the rear! and they soon drove the enemy off. The morning following this desperate battle and repulse of Grant, our cavalry, which had been only partially engaged, was put in motion and headed south toward Richmond. We in the ranks did not know what for, but as we became extended on the way south word came along the line that the Yankee cavalry had been despatched on a raid to Richmond, that city being, as it was supposed, but weakly defended. We were to follow up the Yankees and put them out of business before they got to Richmo
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.17 (search)
od purpose. When we formed and moved up to attack it, it was discovered that the dominecker had not struck our gallant young guide, Eppes, who was among the foremost in the fray. He was more familiar with the swamp than any of us, and may have been over cautious as a pilot across it, but it was not fear or timidity, as his subsequent conduct proved. Instead of crossing the Petersburg and Weldon railroad at or near Stone Creek Station, as the Yankee general, Wilson, evidently intended, he took a long circle with his demoralized troopers. How or when he reached Grant's lines this deponent sayeth not, but that he had about the roughest time of his life I think it will not be denied. The Yankee raiders lost 1,200 prisoners, and besides there were numerous dead and wounded left on the fields and byways. But this, though bad enough, was not the worst of it for Wilson, for the demoralization produced by the mode of their escape was even more damaging to his troops than the losses.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.20 (search)
. There are like monuments on every important battlefield of the Civil War, many erected to the heroic soldiers of Lee, and many erected to the heroic soldiers of Grant. They no longer stand as monuments for triumph for either the Blue or the Gray, but are accepted by every veteran of the North and South as monuments to the heroi men, who stands in history to-day abreast with the few great soldiers of the nineteenth century, will grace the streets of our national capital along with that of Grant as a tribute of the nation to the greatness of American commanders, and I hope at an early day to see Virginia and Pennsylvania unite in placing on Seminary Hill, r fail to decorate the graves of the fallen Union veterans when that tribute is paid to their fallen brethren. A Confederate soldier was a Cabinet officer under Grant; a Confederate soldier was a Cabinet officer under Hayes, and a Confederate soldier is a Cabinet officer under Roosevelt. Surely the time has come, after forty-th
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The monument to Captain Henry Wirz. (search)
e. The Confederate government was aware of its inability to properly care for prisoners, and made every effort possible to turn them over to the Federal government, so that they could care for them, but they refused continually and finally General Grant put his positive veto upon the exchange of prisoners upon the grounds that if they were exchanged they would have to fight them. That is the greatest monument that I know of to the Confederate soldier; that they could not whip them in the fi for bread, all were glad to get cornbread, a diet that the Northern man was unused to, and a less healthy bread in hot weather than wheat bread. Your armies had burned our mills, destroyed our crops, both growing and gathered. Sheridan wrote Grant that a crow passing through the Valley of Virginia would have to carry a haversack. Sheridan also said that nothing should be left the people but eyes to lament the war. How then, Corporal, could we treat our prisoners more humanely with our ey
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.37 (search)
kson and the American Civil War from an impartial British standpoint, would be exceptionally interesting. In his letter transmitting the paper Capt. Gross modestly speaks of it as very rough and unpolished, but we find it decidedly otherwise; and, as he has given us permission to do what we like with it, we will give tile readers of the Confederate column the pleasure of reading a few selections from his admirable papers. R. W. H. The surrender of Fort Donelson by General Buckner to General Grant was one of the deplorable events of the early war period, which gave rise to much controversy and bad feeling. The object of the Confederates was to hold Fort Donelson until General Albert Sidney Johnston could safely retreat from Bowling Green, and then to make good their own escape. After three days of hard fighting it was determined at a council of the principal officers, on the night of February 16, 1862, that the destruction of life attendant upon a further effort to extricate th
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Constitution and the Constitution. (search)
lessly set upon a policy, than were Stevens and Morton on putting the white South under the heel of the black South. * * * Seventy-eight thousand colored votes were distinctly and of design pitted against forty-six thousand whites, who held all the property, education and public experience of the State. It is not less than shocking to think of such odds, such inevitable disaster. Yet it was deliberately planned and eagerly welcomed at Washington. * * * To this tide of folly and worse, President Grant persistently yielded. * * * Those who sat in the seats, nominally of justice, made traffic of their judicial powers. * * * No branch of the public service escaped the pollution. No property in man! No; but justice is the stuff laid on the bargain counter; justice is bought and sold; the soul of the State made vendible and venal. The president who made Underwood a Federal judge did not carry love of justice to a fanatical extreme. Is not justice a human right? It is the one inaliena