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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 48 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pickering, Timothy 1745-1829 (search)
4. The first armed resistance to British troops was by Pickering, as colonel of militia, in February, 1775, at a drawbridge at Salem, where the soldiers were trying to seize military stores. He was a judge in 1775, and in the fall of 1776 joined Washington, in New Jersey, with his regiment of 700 men. In May, 1777, he was made adjutant-general of the army, and after he had participated in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown, he was appointed a member of the board of war. He succeeded Greene as quartermaster-general in August, 1780, and after the war resided in Philadelphia. In 1786 he was sent to the Wyoming settlement, to adjust difficulties there (see Susquehanna Company; Pennymite and Yankee War), where he was personally abused, imprisoned, and put in jeopardy of his life. He was an earnest advocate of the national Constitution, and succeeded Osgood as United States Postmaster-General. In 1794-95 he was Secretary of War and from 1795 to 1800 Secretary of State. Pickering
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pitcher, Molly (search)
Pitcher, Molly In the battle of Monmouth (q. v.) a shot from the British artillery instantly killed an American gunner while working his piece. His wife, Mary, a young Irishwoman twenty-two years of age, and a sturdy camp-follower, had been fetching water to him constantly from a spring near by. When he fell there appeared no one competent to fill his place, and the piece was ordered to be removed. Mary heard the order, and, dropping her bucket and seizing a rammer, vowed that she would fill her husband's place at the gun and avenge his death. She did so with skill and courage. The next morning she was presented to Washington by General Greene, who was so pleased with her bravery that he gave her a commission as sergeant and had her name placed on the pay-list for life. The fame of Sergeant Mary, or Molly Pitcher, as she was more generally known, spread throughout the army.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pulaski, Count Casimir 1748- (search)
of Germantown; and in 1778 his Legion was formed, composed of sixty light horsemen and 200 foot-soldiers. When about to take the field in the South the Moravian nuns, or singing women at Bethlehem, Pa., sent him a banner Count Casimir Pulaski. Greene and Pulaski monument. wrought by them, which he received with grateful acknowledgments, and which he bore until he fell at Savannah in 1779. This event is commemorated in Longfellow's Hymn of the Moravian nuns. The banner is now in possessionical Society. Surprised near Little Egg Harbor, on the New Jersey coast, nearly all of his foot-soldiers were killed. Recruiting his ranks, he went South in February, 1779, and was in active service under General Lincoln, engaging bravely in the siege of Savannah, Ga. (q. v.), in which he was mortally wounded, taken to the United States brig Wasp, and there died, Oct. 11. The citizens of Savannah erected a monument to Greene and Pulaski, the cornerstone of which was laid by Lafayette in 1825.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pyle, defeat of (search)
Pyle, defeat of Recrossing the Dan after his famous retreat into Virginia, General Greene attempted to frustrate the efforts of Cornwallis to embody the loyalists of North Carolina into military corps. In this movement the gallant Col. Henry Lee, with his Legion, was conspicuous. At the head of his cavalry, he scoured the country around the head-waters of the Haw and Deep rivers, where, by force and stratagem, he foiled Tarleton, who was recruiting among the Tories there. Colonel Pyle, an active loyalist, had gathered about 400 Tories, and was marching to join Cornwallis. Lee's Legion greatly resembled Tarleton's, and he made the country people believe that he was recruiting for Cornwallis. Two prisoners were compelled to favor the deception or suffer instant death. Two well-mounted young men of Pyle's corps were so deceived, and informed Lee (supposing him to be Tarleton) of the near presence of that corps. Lee sent word to Pyle, by one of the young men, of his approach,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quaker Hill, battle of. (search)
then near, and 10,000 strong. The French fleet even entered Newport Harbor, and compelled the British to burn or sink six frigates that lay there. There was a delay of a week before the American army could be made ready to move against the foe. Greene and Lafayette had both been sent to aid Sullivan, and success was confidently expected. On Aug. 10 the Americans crossed over the narrow strait at the north end of the island in two divisions, commanded respectively by Greene and Lafayette, wherGreene and Lafayette, where they expected to be joined by the 4,000 French troops of the fleet, according to arrangement. But at that time Howe had appeared off Newport with his fleet, and D'Estaing went out to meet him, taking the troops with him. A stiff wind was then rising from the northeast, and before the two fleets were ready for attack it had increased to a furious gale, and scattered both armaments. The wind blew the spray from the ocean over Newport, and the windows were incrusted with salt. The French fleet
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rawdon, Lord Francis 1754- (search)
. After the battle of Bunker Hill be became aide to Sir Henry Clinton, and was distinguished in several battles near New York City in 1776. In 1778 he was made adjutant-general of the army under Clinton, and raised a corps called the Volunteers of Ireland. He was distinguished for bravery in the battle at Monmouth, and was afterwards, when Charleston fell before Clinton, placed in command of one of the divisions of the army to subjugate South Carolina. He bravely defended Camden against Greene, and relieved Fort Ninety-six from siege by that officer. Soon afterwards he went to Francis Rawdon (from an English print.) Charleston, and sailed for England. While on a return voyage, he was captured by a French cruiser. On March 5, 1783, he was created a baron, and made aide-decamp to the King, and in 1789 he succeeded to the title of his uncle, the Earl of Huntingdon. In 1793 he became Earl of Moira and a major-general, and the next year served under the Duke of York in the Nether
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wake Island, (search)
Wake Island, An island in the North Pacific Ocean, about midway between Hawaii and Hong-Kong. On July 4, 1898, Gen. Francis V. Greene, with a few officers, while en route to Manila, went ashore on the island, made observations, found no traces of inhabitants, planted a record of possession, and raised the flag of the United States. On General Greene's report the United States government determined to take formal possession of the island, which was not known to have been inhabited for more than sixty years. Instructions were, accordingly, given to Commander Taussig, of the Bennington, and on Jan. 17, 1899, that officer and his crew made a landing and erected a flagstaff. When this was in place the sailors were formed in two ranks, facing seaward, and, having called all to witness that the island was not in the possession of any other nation, Commander Taussig ordered the American flag to be raised by Ensign Wettengell. Upon reaching the truck the flag was saluted by twenty-on
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, Fort, capture of (search)
was on the highest point of land on Manhattan Island. When Washington heard of the peril that menaced it, he advised General Greene, in whose charge both it and Fort Lee, on the top of the palisades on the west side of the Hudson River, had been lef to that officer's discretion. When he arrived there (Nov. 15) he was disappointed in not finding his wishes gratified. Greene desired to hold the fort as a protection to the river; the Congress had ordered it to be held till the last extremity, anfusal. Magaw had protested against the savage menace, and refused compliance. Washington went immediately to Fort Lee. Greene had crossed over to the island. Starting across the river in a small boat, Washington met Greene and Putnam returning; aGreene and Putnam returning; and being informed that the garrison were in fine spirits, and could defend themselves, he went back to Fort Lee. Early on the morning of the 16th Howe opened a severe cannonade from the heights on the Westchester shore. Under its cover the attack
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, William 1752- (search)
Washington, William 1752- Military officer; born in Stafford county, Va., Feb. William Washington. 28, 1752; son of Baily Washington, a kinsman of George Washington; entered the military service early in the Revolutionary War, becoming a captain in the Virginia line under Mercer. He was in Silver medal awarded to William Washington. the battle on Long Island, and was badly wounded at Trenton, but engaged in the battle at Princeton. Lieutenant-colonel of Baylor's dragoons, he was with them when surprised at Tappan. In 1779-80 he was very active in South Carolina, in connection with General Morgan, and for his valor at the Cowpens, Congress gave him thanks and a silver medal. In Greene's famous retreat Colonel Washington was very efficient; so, also, was he at the battles of Hobkirk's Hill and Eutaw Springs. At the latter place he was made prisoner and remained so until the close of the war, when he married and settled in Charleston, where he died, March 6, 1810.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wayne, Anthony 1745- (search)
d his capture of Stony Point, on the Hudson, in July, 1779, was one of the most brilliant achievements of the war. In that attack he was wounded in the head, and Congress gave him a vote of thanks and a gold medal. In June, 1781, Wayne joined Lafayette in Virginia, where he performed excellent service until the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. After the surrender, the Pennsylvania line, under Wayne, marched to South Carolina, and their commander, with a part of them, was sent by General Greene to Georgia. On May 21, 1782, Colonel Brown marched out of Savannah in strong force to confront rapidly advancing Wayne. The latter got between Brown and Savannah, attacked him at midnight, and routed the whole party. This event occurred on the Ogeechee road, about 4 miles southwest of Savannah. The vanguard of the Americans was composed of sixty horsemen and twenty infantry, led by Col. Anthony Walton White. These made a spirited charge, killing or wounding forty of the British and
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