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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 26 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
f Duryee retired from the field with not more than twenty men and four colors. Of the brigades of Lawton and Hays, on the Confederate side, more than one-half were lost. On the morning of the 18th both parties seemed more willing to rest than to fight; and that night Lee and his Burnside Bridge, Antirtan Creek. shattered army stole away in the darkness, recrossed the Potomac at Williamsport, and planted eight batteries on the high Virginia bank that menaced pursuers. There had been a very tardy pursuit. At dark on the evening of the 19th, Porter, who was on the left bank of the river, ordered Griffin to cross the stream with two brigades and carry Lee's batteries. He captured four of the guns. On the next morning (Sept. 20) a part of Porter's division made a reconnoissance in force on the Virginia side, and were assailed by Hill in ambush, who drove them across the Potomac and captured 200 of the Nationals. Maryland Heights and Harper's Ferry were retaken by the Union troops.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bull Run, battles of. (search)
hode Island, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts troops. Soon after crossing, it encountered the Confederates, and a battle ensued in open fields. The batteries of Griffin and Reynolds were brought to bear by the Nationals. Only a small stream in a little vale separated the combatants. The Confederates were led by Colonel Evans. rive them from this vantage-ground. To accomplish this, five brigades — Porter's, Howard's, Franklin's, Wilcox's, and Sherman's — with the batteries of Ricketts, Griffin, and Arnold, and cavalry under Major Palmer, advanced to turn the Confederate left, while Keyes's brigade was sent to annoy them on their right. General Heintzelman accompanied McDowell as his lieutenant in the field, and his division began the attack. Ricketts and Griffin advanced with their troops, and planted their batteries on an elevation that commanded the whole plateau, with the immediate support of Ellsworth's Fire Zouaves, commanded by Colonel Farnham. To the left of these batte
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chancellorsville, battle of (search)
he put Jackson's column in motion towards Chancelorsville. It joined another force under General Anderson at eight o'clock in the morning, and he, in person, led the Confederates to attack the Nationals. Hooker had also disposed the latter in battle order. Aware of the peril of fighting with the Wilderness at his back, he had so disposed his army as to fight in the open country, with a communication open with the Rappahannock towards Fredericksburg. At eleven o'clock the divisions of Griffin and Humphreys, of Meade's corps, pushed out to the left, in the direction of Banks's Ford, while Sykes's division of the same corps, supported by Hancock's division, and forming the centre column, moved along a turnpike. Slocum's entire corps, with Howard's, and its batteries, massed in its rear, comprising the right column, marched along a plank road. The battle was begun about a mile in advance of the National works at Chancellorsville, by the van of the centre column and Confederate ca
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Congress, Continental (search)
olinaOct. 2, 1774. Peyton RandolphVirginiaMay 10, 1775. John HancockMassachusettsMay 24, 1775. Henry LaurensSouth CarolinaNov. 1, 1777. John JayNew YorkDec. 10, 1778. Samuel HuntingtonConnecticutSept. 28, 1779. Thomas McKeanDelawareJuly 10, 1781. John HansonMarylandNov. 5, 1781. Elias BoudinotNew JerseyNov. 4, 1782. Thomas MifflinPennsylvaniaNov. 3, 1783. Richard Henry LeeVirginiaNov. 30, 1784. Nathan GorhamMassachusettsJune 6, 1786. Arthur St. ClairPennsylvaniaFeb. 2, 1787. Cyrus GriffinVirginiaJan. 22, 1788. The colonists had been compelled to take up arms in self-defence. To justify this act, Congress agreed to a manifesto (July 6, 1775), in which they set forth the causes and necessity of their taking up arms. After a temperate but spirited preamble, presenting an historical view of the origin, progress, and conduct of the colonies, and of the measures of the British government towards them since 1763, they specified the various acts of Parliaments which were opp
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Five Forks, battle of. (search)
works. At 4 P. M. War- Movement towards five Forks. ren moved to the attack. Ayres charged upon the Confederate right, carried a portion of the line, and captured more than 1,000 men and several battle-flags. Merritt charged the front, and Griffin fell upon the left with such force that he carried the intrenchments and seized 1,500 men. Crawford, meanwhile, had come forward, cut off their retreat in the direction of Lee's lines, struck them in the rear, and captured four guns. Hard pressed, the Confederates fought gallantly and with great fortitude. At length the cavalry charged over the works simultaneously with the turning of their flanks by Ayres and Griffin, and, bearing down upon the Confederates with great fury, caused a large portion of them to throw Battle of five Forks. down their arms, while the remainder made a disorderly flight westward, pursued many miles by Merritt and McKenzie. The Confederates lost a large number of men, killed and wounded, and over 5,00
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Griffin, Cyrus 1749- (search)
Griffin, Cyrus 1749- Jurist; born in Virginia in 1749; was educated in England; was connected by marriage there with a noble family; and when the Revolution broke out he espoused the cause of the patriots. From 1778 to 1781, and in 1787-88, he was a member of the Continental Congress, and in the latter year its president. He was commissioner to the Creek nation in 1789, and from that year until his death in Yorktown, Va., Dec. 14, 1810, he was judge of the United States District Court in Virginia.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
and Morocco ratified......July 18, 1787 South Carolina cedes to the United States her claims to a strip 12 miles wide west of a line from the head of the Tugaloo River to the North Carolina border......Aug. 9, 1787 Delegates to the convention sign the Constitution......Sept. 17, 1787 Thirteenth Continental Congress adjourns; 359 days session......Oct. 30, 1787 Fourteenth Continental Congress meets at New York......Nov. 5, 1787 Spanish intrigues in Kentucky......1788 Cyrus Griffin, of Virginia, chosen president of Continental Congress......Jan. 22, 1788 Method for putting the new government into operation reported by the committee adopted by Congress......Sept. 13, 1788 Fourteenth and last Continental Congress adjourns; 353 days session......Oct. 21, 1788 Electors in the several States vote for President and Vice-President......February, 1789 under the Constitution first administration—federal. March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1793. seat of govern
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Weldon Railroad, the (search)
Weldon Railroad, the On Aug. 18, 1864, there was a severe battle a few miles below Petersburg, Va., for the possession of the Weldon Railroad, which connected Richmond with the South. Warren, with the 5th Corps, reached the railroad without opposition. Leaving Griffin to hold the point seized, Warren started for Petersburg, and soon fell in with a strong Confederate force, which captured 200 of a Maryland brigade. A sharp fight ensued. Warren held the ground he had gained, but at the cost of 1,000 men killed, wounded, and prisoners. Lee then sent a heavy force under Hill to drive Warren from the road. Hill fell upon Warren's Hank and rear, held by Crawford's division, and in the fierce struggle that ensued the Confederates captured 2,500 of the Nationals, among them Gen. J. Hayes. Yet the Nationals clung to the railroad; and, reinforcements coining up, Hill fled. Warren recovered the ground he had lost and intrenched. On the 21st the Confederates returned and assailed th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wilderness, battle of the (search)
ilable for battle. When Lee discovered this movement he pushed forward nearly his whole army to strike the flanks of the Nationals on their march. This movement failed. On the 5th, Warren, who was followed by Sedgwick, sent the divisions of Griffin and Crawford to make observations. The former was struck by Ewell's corps, and the latter. by Hill's a little later. The march was suspended. Crawford was withdrawn, and Griffin, reinforced by Wadsworth's division, with Robinson's in supportGriffin, reinforced by Wadsworth's division, with Robinson's in support, soon defeated the advance of Ewell; but, being continually reinforced, the Confederates soon defeated the Nationals. It was now past noon. Grant was satisfied that Lee's troops were near in full force. The country was so covered with shrub-oaks, bushes, and tangled vines that no observations could be made at any great distance. Grant ordered up Sedgwick's corps to the support of Warren; while Hancock, who was nearly 10 miles away, on the road to the left, marched back to join Warren. Ge