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Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 3: the White Oak Road. (search)
gs and of minds when the advance ordered for the White Oak Road was put into execution. Ayres advanced soldierlike, as was his nature; resolute, firm-hearted, fearing nothing, in truth not fearing quite enough. Although he believed his advance would bring on a battle, he moved without skirmishers, but in a wedgelike formation guarding both flanks. His First Brigade, commanded by the gallant Winthrop, had the lead in line of battle, his right and rear supported by the Third Brigade, that of Gwyn, who was accounted a good fighter; and Denison's Maryland Brigade formed in column on Winthrop's left and rear, ready to face outward by the left flank in case of need; while a brigade of Crawford's was held in reserve in rear of the center. This would seem to be a prudent and strong formation of Ayres' command. The enemy's onset was swift and the encounter sudden. The blow fell without warning, enveloping Ayres' complete front. It appears that McGowan's Brigade struck squarely on Winthro
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 4: Five Forks. (search)
before them. I have only time to say to Ayres, Gwyn is in on the right ; for Sheridan takes him in ord with Ayres now, and to explain my taking up Gwyn so sharply. He is not in the mood to blame me n, and put them in, without sending any word to Gwyn on his right. I could see how it was. Losing connection, Gwyn was at a loss what to do, and in the brief time Ayres was routing the enemy who had attacked him, I had come upon Gwyn and had put him in, really ahead of the main line of Ayres, who shis reference, I will mention that Brevet Brigadier-General Gwyn was colonel of the I 8th Pennsylva being convened, charges were preferred against Gwyn by some who did not understand the facts of thind sent them back with the endorsement that General Gwyn had done his best under peculiarly perplexind Ayres would seem to be assistance enough for Gwyn in handling his little skirmish line. But Sherade on Ayres' right, and of the 4th Delaware on Gwyn's right, who say that Griffin's troops were on [1 more...]
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 9: the last review. (search)
7th, and 8th, in whose latest action I saw two of its brigade commanders shot down in quick succession; and the gallant little Delaware Brigade, with its proud record of loyalty and fidelity, part of the country's best history. Brave Dennison and Gwyn, generals leading these two brigades to-day; both bearing their honors modestly, as their hardly healed wounds manfully Now the First Brigade: this of New York,the superb 5th, 400th, and 146th, and the 15th Artillery, their equal in honor. At theof the 2d Maine, worn down by prison cruelties, and returning, severely wounded in the head on the storm-swept slopes of Fredericksburg, and forced to resign the service; Hayes, of the 18th Massachusetts, cut down in the tangles of the Wilderness; Gwyn, of the 118th Pennsylvania, also sorely wounded there; Herring, of the same regiment, with a leg off at Dabney's Mill; Webb, then of the corps staff, since, highly promoted, shot in his uplifted head, fronting his brigade to the leaden storm of Sp
rs. John C. Breckenridge, Senator and Mrs. Jefferson Davis, Senator and Mrs. Yulee, Senator and Mrs. Mason, of Virginia, Senator and Mrs. Gwyn, of California, Judah P. Benjamin, Senator and Mrs. John J. Crittenden, Colonel Syms, of Kentucky, the CabMrs. Gwyn, of California, Judah P. Benjamin, Senator and Mrs. John J. Crittenden, Colonel Syms, of Kentucky, the Cabinet, and many others to the number of forty sat down to that stately dinner. My escort was Stephen A. Douglas, and of course I was supremely happy, because I had known him from girlhood and had looked up to him as a great leader and most charmingPresident of the Confederacy, directing deadly blows against a government that had bestowed on him many high honors. Senator and Mrs. Gwyn, of California, entertained very handsomely, their grand balls being among the finest given in Washington.Mrs. Gwyn, of California, entertained very handsomely, their grand balls being among the finest given in Washington. For years their hospitable home had been the attraction for the most distinguished at the capital. People were still talking of their famous masquerade ball, given the winter before, in which the President appeared in the court dress he had worn
houlder. I passed rapidly on to the ground occupied by his regiment, and repeated the orders to retire in good order. This order had already been communicated to them by Lieutenant Davis, my Aid. The regiment, then under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Gwyn, had commenced falling back; but, owing to their large numbers and the uneven character of the ground, not without some degree of confusion; Lieut.-Colonel Gwyn, although deprived of the assistance of the Colonel of the regiment, and labLieut.-Colonel Gwyn, although deprived of the assistance of the Colonel of the regiment, and laboring under the disadvantage of having under his command a regiment but little drilled, succeeded in withdrawing them from their perilous position; not without loss, indeed, but in a manner creditable to himself and to the character of his command, both of officers and men, for courage and coolness. They had advanced in the excitement of the contest from the cover of the ridge where they had first formed in line, and were exposed to a galling fire from the enemy, who were protected by a ravine
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Address before the Virginia division of Army of Northern Virginia, at their reunion on the evening of October 21, 1886. (search)
Riflemen. Total 918. The Powhatan troop under Captain Lay has been ordered back here and will arrive to-day. These Virginia troops with the South Carolina brigade, which Joined them a week after, constituted the nucleus of the Army of Northern Virginia. There was considerable confusion at this time as to the rank of officers. The Convention of Virginia, just before the termination of its session, reduced the number of the higher grades in the service of Virginia, by which action General Gwyn, General Johnston, General Ruggles and General Cocke, were reduced one degree. This necessitated a change in some of the commands, and on the 21st May, General Bonham, who had been appointed a Brigadier General in the Confederate army, was assigned to the command of the troops on the Alexandria line, and was directed to post his brigade of South Carolina volunteers at the Manassas Junction, and to establish his headquarters at that point, or in advance as he might find necessary. Colone
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The career of Wise's Brigade, 1861-5. (search)
, Robins, Hibble, Baytop, Millers, Roane, Bridges, Banks, Norton, Amory, Cooke, Edwards, Griffin, Massey, Newcomb, Bristow, Jones, Barry, Ware, Simcoe, R. B. Jones, Kenan, Pitts, Pointer, Leigh, Jeff Dutton, Elijah Dutton, Vincent Edwards, Dunstan, Hughes, Evans, Cary, Thos. Robins, Freeman, John Roane, Jenkins, Hobday, Albert Roane, Ransome, White, J. W. Robins, Woodland, Cooper, Summerson, Williams, Hogg, Sparrow, T. J. Hibble, Alex. Dutton, John Edwards, Rich, Dutton again, Dunbar Edwards, Gwyn—I cease to call the roll, for they are absent by fifties and hundreds, and not a man answers to his name! In this succinct, didactic narrative, not half justice could be done to these martys to civil liberty. Their lives and deaths were the most beautiful epic poems. They will be sung and celebrated as long as liberty lasts; as long as a love for it sighs for its loss and their sacrifice. There was nothing sordid or selfish in the high motives or objects of their death struggle. The ch
tly sent to the British Consul at Baltimore, or the British Minister at Washington and that any aid that might be desired would be cheerfully furnished by our vessels. Mr. Myers is an open and avowed Secessionist, and the refusal of his request was a wise precaution. A gentleman representing himself to have been a Captain in the recent German legion raised by the British Government, was sent in under a flag of truce to Newport News, last night. He was permitted to go North to-day. A Mrs. Gwyn, who travels considerably on this route, was permitted to go to Norfolk yesterday, as were also a Mrs. Ellis and her daughter, from North Carolina. The General is inclined to be a good deal more rigid than he has been hitherto in regard to these matters. I wrote you on Tuesday of the capture of some letters, found at a picket guard of the rebels which was surprised, at Little Bethel, by one of our scouting parties, the day before. I learn that among them was one from a person who h
up until night. When having forced the entire line to nearly half-way from their camps to at a late hour in the afternoon a effort was made by the enemy to and get possession of the land seaports, &c. was guarded by the gun boats Captains Gwyn and Shir commanding, with four 20-pounder and a battery of rifled guns.-- a deep and impassable ravine for cavalry, and very difficult for this point, no troops were except the necessary artillerists, infantry force for their support mnce of column a part of the division Nelson, arrived, and the two General both being present, an advance immediately made upon the point of the enemy were soon driven back.-- much is due to the presence of Tyler and Lexington, and their Captains Gwyn and Shirkusen, the night the division under Gens. and McCook arrived. New Wallace, at Crumple Landing, was ordered at an early hour morning to hold his division in readily moved in any direction to which it was ordered. At abo
ally believed that his whole force had been captured. The World says that Heintzelman is on the way to reinforce Hooker with 30,000 fresh troops, and 18,000 are coming from another quarter. [Suffolk, of course-- Rep.] It hopes these will enable the Federals to retrieve their disasters. Fredericksburg was recaptured by Jackson. The fighting was desperate. All of Long-streets forces rushed from Suffolk and arrived in time. A partial list of the killed and wounded shows that Gen. Gwyn was killed, Brig-Gen. Mott and Maj. Gen'l Barry, of Me.; and Brig.-Gen'l Schmitiefing were wounded. In the 14th corps there were 17 Colonels, Lt Colonels and Majors, 28 Captains and Lieutenants wounded. Brig.-Gen. Whipple, Gen. Divine and Gen. Massie were severely wounded. 31 Colonels, Lt. Colonels and Majors, and 52 Captains and Lieutenants, are wounded in another corps — many mortally. Vallandigham is at the Barnett House, Cincinnati, under strong guard. Halleck has ordered