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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Jackson at Harper's Ferry in 1861. (search)
mpany in the valley) were in line. Major-General Kenton Harper, a native of Pennsylvania, a born son. The governor in his dispatch informed General Harper that he was to take chief command, and thand privation had not yet been aroused. General Harper was at Winchester, and had sent forward hience of the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers. General Harper, who up to that moment had expected a conftores, and when their commander was advised of Harper's rapid approach the gunpowder was fired, and n, six or eight days after our occupation, General Harper sent for me, as the senior artillery officd with a pleasant remark, and was taken to General Harper's headquarters, where he spent the night. hat he knew of no troops coming from the West, Harper ordered us all to quarters. Next morning Genes eye, Where is your army encamped, general? Harper's face crimsoned as he replied, Excuse me from week Governor Letcher wisely appointed Major-General Harper colonel of the 5th Virginia, Brigadier-[3 more...]
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The opposing armies at the first Bull Run. (search)
ry: Battalion Washington Artillery (La.), Major J. B. Walton; Alexandria (Va.) Battery, Capt. Del Kemper; Latham's (Va.) Battery, Capt. H. G. Latham; Loudoun (Va.) Artillery, Capt. Arthur L. Rogers; Shields's (Va.) Battery, Capt. J. C. Shields. Loss: k, 2; w, 8 =10. Total loss Army of the Potomac: k, 105; w, 519; m, 12 = 636. Army of the Shenandoah, General Joseph E. Johnston. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. T. J. Jackson: 2d Va., Col. J. W. Allen; 4th Va., Col. J. F. Preston; 5th Va., Col. Kenton Harper; 27th Va., Lieut.-Col. John Echols; 33d Va., Col. A. C. Cummings. Loss: k, 119; w, 442 = 561. Second Brigade, Col. F. S. Bartow (k): 7th Ga., Col. Lucius J. Gartrell; 8th Ga., Lieut.-Col. W. M. Gardner. Loss: k, 60; w, 293 = 353. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. B. E. Bee (k): 4th Ala., Col. Jones (k), Col. S. R. Gist; 2d Miss., Col. W. C. Falkner; 11th Miss. (2 cos.), Lieut.-Col. P. F. Liddell; 6th N. C., Col. C. F. Fisher (k). Loss: k, 95; w, 309; m, 1 = 405. Fourth Brigade, Brig.-Gen. E.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., chapter 12.47 (search)
ddressed to the governors of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee respecting the supreme urgency and import of the situation, in all its phases, and invoking their utmost exertions to send me, each of them, from 5000 to 10,000 men as well armed and equipped as possible, enrolled for 90 days, within which period, by timely, vigorous action, I trusted we might recover our losses, and assure the defense of the Mississippi River. See Military operations of General Beauregard (N. Y.: Harper & Brothers), I., 240-241. At the same time I appealed to General Bragg for such troops as he could possibly spare temporarily in such an exigency, from Mobile and Pensacola; and to General Lovell for the like aid from New Orleans. To General Van Dorn, represented to have an army twenty thousand strong in Arkansas, I likewise sent, on the 21st of February, a most pressing invitation to come in haste to our aid with as many men as possible, by way of New Madrid. To him I wrote ( O. R., VII.,
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 1 (search)
r, the second named was promoted to a colonelcy and assigned to the command of Harper's Ferry, held until then by Colonel Kenton Harper. I was employed in this way about two weeks. Then, Virginia having acceded to the Southern Confederacy, the had taken possession of Harper's Ferry as soon as possible, and had it occupied by a body of troops commanded by Colonel Kenton Harper--not soon enough, however, to prevent the destruction of the small-arms stored in the armory. The Federal comman I was also instructed in Montgomery to take Lynchburg in my route, and to make arrangements there for sending forward to Harper's Ferry such force as I might deem necessary to strengthen my command. I found no available force there, however. Th, according to the instructions he had received; and with the rear-guard, composed of three hundred and eighty men of Colonel Harper's (Fifth Virginia) regiment and a field-piece, Commanded by Captain Pendleton himself. which Stuart joined with his
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 13 (search)
ossession of, the military property of the United States within its limits. They obtained, in that way, the arms with which they began the war. To recapitulate: the Confederate States began the war with one hundred and twenty thousand arms of obsolete models, and seven hundred of the recently adopted weapons, rifled muskets; and the United States with about four hundred and fifty thousand of the old and all of the modern arms that had been made since the adoption of the new model, about the middle of General Pierce's administration, when Mr. Davis was at the head of the War Department, except, however, the seven hundred held by the Confederacy. The equipped field-batteries and fixed ammunition of all kinds were in the North, as well as the establishments for the manufacture of arms, and the preparation of ammunition; except that at Harper's Ferry, which, being on the border, was abandoned by the United States, after an attempt to destroy it, which left little besides machinery.
rved in the army, receiving the brevet of colonel for his services in the Mexican War. He resigned in March, 1861, to enter the service of the Confederacy. He was appointed general on May 16th, but, owing to his age, took no active part in the field. He was adjutant and inspector-general of the Confederate States army throughout the entire war, performing his duties with great thoroughness and ability. He died at Cameron, Virginia, December 3, 1876. Army of the Shenandoah Major-General Kenton Harper of the Virginia State forces, had collected about two thousand Virginia volunteers at Harper's Ferry as early as April 21, 1861. He was relieved on the 28th by Colonel Thomas J. Jackson, and the mustering in of volunteers went rapidly on. On May 24th, Brigadier-General Joseph E. Johnston assumed command of the troops, and on June 30th, there were 10,654 present for duty, in four brigades and cavalry. This was the force that opposed Major-General Patterson in the Valley, and i
neral Lee sent trusted officers to call out and organize militia and volunteers. But the reports soon received from Col. George D. Porterfield and Maj. T. M. Boykin from Grafton indicated prevalent apathy and disloyalty, though General Lee continued for some time, apparently, to cling to the belief that no citizen of Virginia would betray her interests. For the small body of men that Porterfield was able to collect at Grafton, Lee ordered 1,000 muskets and rifles to Beverly, and some from Harper's Ferry to Grafton. Soon after the election upon the ordinance of secession, Porterfield, being advised of a contemplated Federal movement against Grafton, ordered the burning of two important bridges on the branches of the Baltimore & Ohio, northwest and west of Grafton. Considering this an overt act of rebellion, for which he had been waiting, McClellan, on the 26th, ordered Col. B. F. Kelley, of the Wheeling Union regiment, with his so-called First and Second Virginia regiments, which
lly, of what had been done. Letcher had wired Harper to take chief command of the movement and Harmhe armed companies of his brigade. At 5 p. m. Harper left for Winchester by rapid conveyance, afterute. Reaching Winchester at noon of the 18th, Harper received orders from Letcher to go on to Harpeng the following years of heroic endurance. Harper, reaching Winchester in advance, when the infaons began. Soon after this, Letcher appointed Harper colonel of the Fifth Virginia, Harman, lieutenamp Stephens, and he promptly sent forward Colonel Harper's Fifth Virginia regiment and Captain Pendtion, as indicated by Stuart, when he directed Harper to deploy two companies, under Major Baylor, t soon advanced, deployed and opened fire, when Harper's skirmishers drove them back on their reservesition was about being turned, when he ordered Harper to gradually fall back; that the enemy opened 's regiments had also been advanced to support Harper if necessary, and once Allen took position for[4 more...]
ry the issue by combat, notwithstanding the disparity of his numbers when compared with those of McClellan. While watching the gathering of the mighty Federal army in the valleys and on the ridges across the Antietam, and defiantly replying to its artillery as that came into position, he received, at midday, a note from Jackson, written during the forenoon, saying: Through God's blessing Harper's Ferry and its garrison are to be surrendered. This stimulating news, which not only meant that Harper's Ferry was captured, but that Stonewall Jackson, without further orders, would soon be with him, with his foot cavalry, and that McLaws would not be far behind, fired Lee's courage, and he determined that he would not recross the Potomac until after trial of battle with McClellan on the field that he had chosen, and that he could hold until his reinforcements came up. Fitzhugh Lee so well held back the Federal cavalry advance that it did not reach the front of the Antietam until 2 in the
Fifth Infantry battalion: Archer, F. H., lieutenant-colonel; Foster, William R., major; Wilson, John P., Jr., major. Fifth Infantry regiment: Baylor, William S. H., lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Harman, William H., lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Harper. Kenton, colonel; Koiner, Absalom, major; Newton, James W., major; Williams, Hazel J., major, lieutenant-colonel. Fifth Infantry regiment State Line: Edmundson, David, lieutenant-colonel; Preston, C. H., major; Preston, Robert T., colonel. , colonel; McConnell, Sylvester P., major. Twenty-fifth Infantry battalion Local Defense Troops: Bossieux, Louis J., major; Elliott, Wyatt M., major, lieutenant-colonel. Twenty-fifth Infantry regiment: Duffy, Patrick B., lieutenant-colonel; Harper, Wilson, major; Heck, Jonathan M., lieutenantcol-onel; Higginbotham, John C., major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Lilley, Robert D., major, lieutenant-colonel; Porterfield, George A., colonel; Rege, Albert G., major; Robinson, John A., major, lie
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