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Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters 100 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature 100 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 46 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 44 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 30 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays 30 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, The new world and the new book 28 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Margaret Fuller Ossoli 20 0 Browse Search
Charles E. Stowe, Harriet Beecher Stowe compiled from her letters and journals by her son Charles Edward Stowe 18 0 Browse Search
Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe, Florence Howe Hall, Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910, in two volumes, with portraits and other illustrations: volume 1 18 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. You can also browse the collection for Nathaniel Hawthorne or search for Nathaniel Hawthorne in all documents.

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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 1: Longfellow as a classic (search)
n the Union; and these balloted for the first hundred occupants of the Hall of Fame. Only thirty-nine names obtained a majority of votes, these being taken, of course, from men of all pursuits; and among these Longfellow ranked tenth, having eighty-five votes, and being preceded only by Washington, Lincoln, Webster, Franklin, Grant, Marshall, Jefferson, Emerson, and Fulton. Besides Emerson and Longfellow, only two literary men were included, these being Irving with eighty-four votes and Hawthorne with seventy-three. It is a well-known fact that when the temporary leader in any particular branch of literature or science passes away, there is often visible a slight reaction, perhaps in the interest of supposed justice, when people try to convince themselves that his fame has already diminished. Such reactions have notably occurred, for instance, in the cases of Scott, Byron, Wordsworth, and even of Burns, yet without visible or permanent results, while the weaker fame of Southey
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 2: birth, childhood, and youth (search)
as on account of the younger brother's youth—he being only fourteen—that the boys remained a year longer at home, and did not go to Brunswick until the beginning of the Sophomore year. Henry's college life was studious and modest. He and Nathaniel Hawthorne were classmates, having been friends rather than intimates, and Hawthorne gives in his Fanshawe a tolerably graphic picture of the little rural college. Neither of the two youths cared much for field sports, but both of them were greatly Hawthorne gives in his Fanshawe a tolerably graphic picture of the little rural college. Neither of the two youths cared much for field sports, but both of them were greatly given to miscellaneous reading; and both of them also spent a good deal of time in the woods of Brunswick, which were, and still are, beautiful. Longfellow pursued the appointed studies, read poetry, was fond of Irving, and also of books about the Indians, an experience which in later life yielded him advantage. It is just possible that these books may have revived in him a regret expressed in one of his early college letters that he had not gone to West Point instead of Bowdoin,—some oppor<
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 4: literature as a pursuit (search)
and his twenty-eight languages. It is the experience of all that the gift of learning a variety of tongues is something which peculiarly belongs to youth. In Southern Europe, in Russia, in the East, it is a common thing to encounter mere children who with next to no schooling will prattle readily in three or four languages with equal inaccuracy but with equal ease; while a much older person may acquire them by laborious study and yet never feel at home. One can hardly doubt Longfellow's natural readiness in that direction; he was always being complimented, at any Rate—though this may not count for much— upon his aptness in pronouncing foreign tongues, and the ease with which his own compositions lent themselves to translation may very possibly have some obscure connection with his own gifts in this respect. His college training can have had little bearing upon it, since there is no evidence that his classmate Hawthorne, doubtless a man of higher genius, showed any such capaci
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 5: first visit to Europe (search)
ribed them. But the habit steadily diminished. His very gift at translation, in which he probably exceeded on the whole any other modern poet, led him, nevertheless, always to reproduce old forms rather than create new ones, thus aiding immensely his popularity with the mass of simple readers, while coming short of the full demands of the more critical. To construct his most difficult poems was thus mainly a serene pleasure, and something as far as possible from that conflict which kept Hawthorne all winter, by his wife's testimony, with a knot in his forehead while he was writing The Scarlet Letter. It is always to be borne in mind that, as Mr. Scudder has pointed out in his admirable paper on Longfellow and his Art, the young poet was really preparing himself in Europe for his literary work as well as for his professional work, and half consciously. This is singularly confirmed by his lifelong friend, Professor George W. Greene, who, in dedicating his The Life of Nathanael Gr
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 6: marriage and life at Brunswick (search)
rman imaginative writers just beginning to be known, Goethe, Richter, and Korner, together with examples of that American literary school which grew up partly in imitation of the German, and of which the Legend of Peter Rugg, by William Austin, is the only specimen now remembered. With this as a concluding volume, it will be seen that Mary Potter's mind had some fitting preparation for her husband's companionship, and that the influence of Bryant in poetry, and of Austin, the precursor of Hawthorne, in prose, may well have lodged in her mind the ambition, which was always making itself visible in her husband, towards the new work of creating an American literature. It is in this point of view that the young wife's mental training assumed a real importance in studying the atmosphere of Longfellow's early days. For the rest, she was described by her next-door neighbor in Brunswick, Miss Emeline Weld, as a lovely woman in character and appearance, gentle, refined, and graceful, with a
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 7: the corner stone laid (search)
d, and although Holmes and Whittier tried their 'prentice hands with the best intentions in the same number of the New England Magazine, they could not raise its level. We see in these compositions, as in the Annuals of that day, that although Hawthorne had begun with his style already formed, yet that of Longfellow was still immature. This remark does not, indeed, apply to a version of a French drinking song, New England Magazine, II. 188. which exhibits something of his later knack at sucdited by S. G. Goodrich. This annual was the first of a series undertaken in America, on the plan of similar volumes published under many names in England. It has a permanent value for literary historians in this country as containing many of Hawthorne's Twice-Told Tales in their original form, but often left anonymous, and sometimes signed only by his initial (H.). In the list of his own early publications given by Longfellow to George W. Greene under date of March 9, 1833, he includes, 7.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 11: Hyperion and the reaction from it (search)
t of the City Hall: another was smoking a cigar! Withal, they looked very formidable. Hard customers. . . . Very truly yours H. W. L. Ms Note, again, how this tendency to home themes asserts itself explicitly in Longfellow's notice of Hawthorne's Twice-Told Tales at about the same time in The North American Review, (July, 1837):— One of the most prominent characteristics of these tales is, that they are national in their character. The author has wisely chosen his themes among theas born, this quality reaching a climax in Thoreau, who frankly wrote, I have travelled a great deal—in Concord. And while thus Longfellow found his desire for a national literature strengthened at every point by the example of his classmate Hawthorne, so he may have learned much, though not immediately, through the warning unconsciously given by Bryant, against the perils of undue moralizing. Bryant's early poem, To a Water-Fowl, was as profound in feeling and as perfect in structure as an
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 12: voices of the night (search)
on (1200 copies) was seized by creditors and was locked up, so that the book was out of the market for four months. No matter, the young author writes in his diary, I had the glorious satisfaction of writing it. Meanwhile the Knickerbocker had not paid its contributors for three years, and the success of Voices of the Night was regarded as signal, because the publisher had sold 850 copies in three weeks. The popularity of the Voices of the Night, though not universal, was very great. Hawthorne wrote to him of these poems, Nothing equal to some of them was ever written in this world,—this western world, I mean; and it would not hurt my conscience much to include the other hemisphere. Life, i. 349. Halleck also said of the Skeleton in Armor that there was nothing like it in the language, and Poe wrote to Longfellow, May 3, 1841, I cannot refrain from availing myself of this, the only opportunity I may ever have, to assure the author of the Hymn to the night, of the Beleaguered Ci
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 13: third visit to Europe (search)
gs of Rubens. His home at Marienberg was in an ancient cloister for noble nuns, converted into a water-cure, then a novelty and much severer in its discipline than its later copies in America, to one of which, however, Longfellow himself went later as a patient,—that of Dr. Wesselhoeft at Brattleboro, Vermont. He met or read German poets also,—Becker, Herwegh, Lenau, Auersberg, Zedlitz, and Freiligrath, with the latter of whom he became intimate; indeed reading aloud to admiring nuns his charming poem about The Flowers' Revenge (Der Blumen Rache ). He just missed seeing Uhland, the only German poet then more popular than Freiligrath; he visited camps of 50,000 troops and another camp of naturalists at Mayence. Meantime, he heard from Prescott, Sumner, and Felton at home; the Spanish Student went through the press, and his friend Hawthorne was married. He finally sailed for home on October 22, 1842, and occupied himself on the voyage in writing a small volume of poems on slave
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 16: literary life in Cambridge (search)
he first place among authors of the second grade. It is curious to notice, in addition, that Hawthorne stood next to Longfellow in this subordinate roll. Longfellow published two volumes of poetbrimming, slow-moving, soulsatisfying lines. The subject was first suggested to Longfellow by Hawthorne, who had heard it from his friend, the Rev. H. L. Conolly, and the outline of it will be found in The American Note-Books of Hawthorne, who disappointed Father Conolly by not using it himself. It was finished on Longfellow's fortieth birthday. It was a striking illustration of the wide pet of being praised by the two among his contemporaries personally most successful in fiction, Hawthorne and Howells. Now that the New England village life has proved such rich material in the handsl, and discloses at the end the real charm he found or fancied by attributing to it elegance. Hawthorne, warm with early friendship, pronounces it a most precious and rare book, as fragrant as a bun
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