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o establish the national line. An attempt was made by McClernand to capture the ridge-road on which Grant moved, but this was without orders, and unsuccessful, though gallantly made; three regiments were engaged in the affair. On the first two days Grant lost about 300 men in killed and wounded. The assault by Smith on Buckner was one of these smart fights; that of McClernand on Heiman was another. The facts are these : As Wallace was moving to the right, McClernand detached Colonel Hayne, with his regiment, the Forty-eighth Illinois, to support McAllister's battery, and giving him, in addition, the Seventeenth Illinois, Major Smith, and the Forty-ninth Illinois, Colonel Morrison, ordered him to storm Heiman's position. The approach to Heiman's left was along a ridge, obstructed with abattis; against his right, it was through a dense wood, across a valley, and up a hill-side. The advance of this column was first discovered by Colonel John C. Brown, who notified Colonel
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The First shot against the flag. (search)
firmly declined, and the matter referred to Washington. Long and elaborate discussions between the Secretary of War, Mr. Holt, and the envoy of the Governor, Colonel Hayne, followed. Lieutenant Hall, on behalf of Major Anderson, represented him as secure in his position. The envoy bore a demand for the surrender of the fort. Before this could be presented, nine of the Senators from the cotton States induced Colonel Hayne to postpone the delivery of the communication until they could ascertain whether the President would refrain from reinforcing the fort, provided the Governor of South Carolina would also refrain from an attack upon it; but upon this be state that Major Anderson had made no request for reinforcements, but should his safety require them, every effort would be made to supply them. On the 30th, Colonel Hayne presented his demand; but, as in the case of the commissioners originally sent by the State, the negotiations were not satisfactory, and an able and conclusive
then let me go down linked to the truth-let me die in the advocacy of what is just and right. The next day, the 17th, the speech was delivered just as we had heard it read. Up to this time Seward had held sway over the North by his higher-law sentiments, but the house-divided-against-itself speech by Lincoln in my opinion drove the nail into Seward's political coffin. In any student of oratorical history, after reading Lincoln's speech on this occasion, will refer to Webster's reply to Hayne in the Senate, he will be struck with the similarity in figure and thought in the opening lines of both speeches. In fact, it may not be amiss to note that, in this instance, Webster's effort was carefully read by Lincoln and served in part as his model. Lincoln had now created in reality a more profound impression than he or his friends anticipated. Many Republicans deprecated the advanced ground he had taken, the more so as the Democrats rejoiced that it afforded them an issue clear
a very respectable collection, and was adding to it every day. To my library Lincoln very frequently had access. When, therefore, he began on his inaugural speech he told me what works he intended to consult. I looked for a long fist, but when he went over it I was greatly surprised. He asked me to furnish him with Henry Clay's great speech delivered in 1850; Andrew Jackson's proclamation, against Nullification; and a copy of the Constitution. He afterwards called for Webster's reply to Hayne, a speech which he read when he lived at New Salem, and which he always regarded as the grandest specimen of American oratory. With these few volumes, and no further sources of reference, he locked himself up in a room upstairs over a store across the street from the State House, and there, cut off from all communication and intrusion, he prepared the address. Though composed amid the unromantic surroundings of a dingy, dusty, and neglected back room, the speech has become a memorable docu
to Fort Sumter, 1.138. Hartsville, b<*>e of, 2.541; repulse of Marmaduke at, 3.212. Hatchee River, battle of, 2.523. Hatcher's Run, extension of Grant's line to, 3.535. Hatteras Inlet, expedition against the forts at, 2.106; the Burnside expedition at, 2.168. Hatteras Island, sufferings of the Twentieth Indiana regiment on, 2.109. Havana, reception of Mason and Slidell at, 2.154. Hawes, Richard, made provisional governor of Kentucky by Bragg and Kirby Smith, 2.507. Hayne, Mr., Commissioner to Washington from South Carolina, 1.285. Hazard, Commander S. F., in the Burnside expedition, 2.167. Hazen, Gen., Wm. B., at the battle of Murfreesboroa, 2.546; movements of near Chattanooga, 3.125; at the battle of Chickamauga, 3.186; captures Fort McAllister, 3.412. Heintzelman, Gen., at the battle of Bull's Run, 1.598, 600; at the battle of Oak Grove, 2.417. Helena, Mo., battle at, 3.149. Henderson's Bill, La., Gen. Mower at, 3.254. Herron, Gen., his exp
from Buchanan and McDowell (now numbering about 60 men); and, 10th, Killinger's company, from Smyth. The object of my visit to Lee was to try to raise a company to take Killinger's place, so as to let him go into McMahon's regiment. You see how nearly I had accomplished the work without interfering with recruits already gone to other corps. If those could be stopped who have not gone already the work would have been completed perfectly by the 10th of May. Cornutt's, Perey's, Gray's, Hayne's, Slemp's, the Carroll company are already actually in the field for the war, and organized and on duty. I thought you approved my plan, and I went to work vigorously. That regiment is to-day really larger than Colonel Moore's, and both can be filled out; but now your letter will control me, I am afraid, to the demolition and overthrow of the new corps. Independent of this new regiment, Mr. McMahon, formerly aide to General Floyd, has authority, I hear, to raise another, which I was inf
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Poetry and Incidents., Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore), South Carolina Thirty years ago. (search)
South Carolina Thirty years ago. On the 4th of July, 1832, Independence day was celebrated at Charleston by two separate meetings: one the Unionists, the other the Nullifiers. Colonel Hayne, the Southern champion who was so discomfited in the tilt with Webster, spoke to the Nullification meeting, and Drayton, a distinguished Unionist member of Congress, father of Gen. Drayton who commanded at the Port Royal forts during the recent bombardment, to the Unionists. At the conclusion of Drayton's powerful and splendid oration, the following beautiful ode was chanted by a full choir: Hail, our country's natal morn! Hail, our spreading kindred born! Hail, thou banner, not yet torn! Waving o'er the free! While this day in festive throng, Millions swell the patriot's song, Shall we not the note prolong? Hallowed jubilee! Who would sever Freedom's shrine? Who would draw the invidious line? Though by birth one spot be mine, Dear is all the rest-- Dear to me the South's fair land; Dear the
Rebellion Record: Introduction., Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Introduction. (search)
asserting the monstrous absurdity that a State, though remaining in the Union, could by her single act nullify a law of Congress; the other teaching the still more preposterous doctrine, that a single State may nullify the Constitution. The first of these heresies failed to spread far beyond the latitude where it was engendered. In the Senate of the United States, the great acuteness of its inventor, (Mr. Calhoun,) then the Vice-President, and the accomplished rhetoric of its champion, (Mr. Hayne,) failed to raise it above the level of a plausible sophism. It sunk forever discredited beneath the sturdy common sense and indomitable will of Jackson, the mature wisdom of Livingston, the keen analysis of Clay, and the crushing logic of Webster. Nor was this all: the venerable author of the Resolutions of 1798 and of the report of 1799 was still living in a green old age. His connection with those State papers and still more his large participation in the formation and adoption of t
ly to Gen. Pillow, P. 60; anecdote of the daughter of, P. 109 Bryan, M. K., Col., D. 39 Bryant, Mr., of S. C., D. 13 Bryant, Lieut., U. S. N., D. 73 Bryce, —, Col., D. 37 Buchanan, James, President of U. S., D. 7; receives Hayne of S. C., D. 14; notice of, D. 59; correspondence with Floyd, Doc. 10; correspondence with the South Carolina Commissioners, Doc. 11; recommendation for a fast, Dec. 14, 1860, Doc. 17; agitated at the surrender of Federal arms, P. 8; favors the svard Medical School, D. 52 Havana, Southern Commissioners at, P. 42; the Confederate flag in, P. 55 Havemeyer, Wm. F. Doc. 104 Hawkins, Rush C., Colonel, Ninth Regt., N. Y. S. V. D. 93; Doc. 339 Haxsey, Thomas B., D. 75 Hayne, Col., received by President Buchanan, D. 14, 16 Heartt, Jonas C., D. 27 Height of Impudence, Parson Brownlow's definition of, P. 26 Henry, Alexander, of Pa., Doc. 178 Henry---, mayor of Philadelphia, his speech to a mob, D. 26
the fire of his pieces to the Gap. Soon after, the rebels opened another battery at the right of the Gap, and subsequently still another battery at the left. It was then evident that the rebels intended to make a vigorous stand on the mountain. Since the preceding day they had brought up extra pieces of cannon, for, as before stated, they had used but three, at the most, in the skirmishes during the week. The enemy was now firing from nine pieces; consequently, to make a vigorous reply, Hayne's U. S. battery of six pieces moved up to the left to the assistance of Robertson. A heavy cannonading then ensued, but, as usual in artillery duels, little damage was effected on either side. At ten A. M. the enemy withdrew his pieces on the left and right of the Gap, and worked principally with those in the Gap. A half an hour later all of the enemy's guns were silent, but upon the moving of Cox's division soon after to the edge of the woods on the side of the mountain at the left, the
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