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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 5: events in Charleston and Charleston harbor in December, 1860.--the conspirators encouraged by the Government policy. (search)
y events connected with the old war for Independence. In the basement of the Custom House, Colonel Moultrie and other patriots concealed from the eyes of British officials, in 1775, nearly one hundred thousand pounds of provincial powder. Its vaults were military prisons, and there hundreds of patriots suffered long and hopelessly, and scores perished of wounds and privations, while the British held possession of the city, from May, 1780, until the close of the war. From that building Isaac Hayne, the martyr, was taken out to execution, having been brought up from a damp vault for the purpose. This building originally fronted the sea; but, in the course of time, stately warehouses arose between it and the water. From that time until the close of President Buchanan's administration, and even longer, Major Anderson was compelled, by Government policy, to see the insurgents gather by thousands in and around Charleston, erect fortifications within reach of his guns, and Old Cus
next world. He said no more, gentlemen, but drew from beneath his cloak an object which he laid upon the table — laid upon the very paper on which I was writing. This object, gentlemen, was a skeleton. There, said he, there are the bones of Isaac Hayne, who was hung at Charleston by the British. He gave his life in order to establish the Union. When you put your name to a Declaration of Dissolution, why, you may as well have the bones of Isaac Hayne before you — he was a South Carolinian aIsaac Hayne before you — he was a South Carolinian and so are you. But there was no blotch on his right hand. With these words the intruder left the room. I started back from the contact with the dead man's bones and — awoke. Overcome by labor, I had fallen asleep, and had been dreaming. Was it not a singular dream? All the company answered in the affirmative, and Toombs muttered, Singular, very singular, and at the same time looking curiously at the back of his right hand, while Mr. Calhoun placed his head between his hands and seemed bur
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hayne, Isaac 1745- (search)
Hayne, Isaac 1745- Patriot; born in South Carolina, Sept. 23, 1745; was an extensive planter and owner of iron works; captain of artillery and State Senator in 1780. He was made a prisoner at the capture of Charleston, and returned to his homel, and was soon made a prisoner. Colonel Balfour, then the British commander in Charleston, hesitated about disposing of Hayne; but when Lord Rawdon arrived from Orangeburg, on his way to embark for England, pursuant to the spirit of Cornwallis's orders he directed Colonel Hayne to be hung. This was done without even the form of a trial, on Aug. 4, 1781. The prisoner did not anticipate such treatment until he was officially informed that he had not two days to live. The patriot's children,ston, the lieutenant-governor of the province all pleaded for his life, but in vain. The savage sentence was executed. After Balfour's death, Lord Rawdon meanly tried to fix the ignominy of the act upon that humane officer. Hayne, Robert young
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Additional Sketches Illustrating the services of officers and Privates and patriotic citizens of South Carolina. (search)
uring the Confederate era, was born at Charleston, March 12, 1809, and died at that city March 8, 1880. He was the son of William E. Hayne, and the grandson of Isaac Hayne, the martyr, who was executed without trial by the vindictive and inexorable order of Lord Rawdon and Lieutenant-Colonel Balfour, under the charge of having browar of 1812, and her grandfather was Maj. Robert Ellison, of the continental army, who was captured by the British and confined for some time at Charleston with Isaac Hayne, who became a martyr to the cause of independence. Mayor Smyth was graduated at the college of Charleston with first honors in 1858, and then entered mercantil the Butler Guards, and was a participant in all its battles, is a native of Colleton county, S. C., born August 24, 1834. He is the son of Thomas D. and Frances (Hayne) Stall, both natives of South Carolina, his mother being a member of the illustrious family whose name she bore. He was reared in Colleton county and at Charlesto
e of peace except in driving them out of the land. Weary of Chap. XXIV.} 1781. July 13. ceaseless turmoil, Rawdon repaired to Charleston, and, pretending ill health, sailed for England, but not till after a last act of vengeful inhumanity. Isaac Hayne, a planter in the low country whose affections were always with America, had, after the fall of Charleston, obtained a British protection. When the British lost the part of the country in which he resided and could protect him no longer, he rzen, and led a regiment of militia against the British. Taken prisoner, Balfour hesitated what to do with him; but Rawdon, who was Balfour's superior in command, had no sooner arrived in Charleston than, against the entreaties of the children of Hayne, of the women of Charleston, of the lieutenant-governor of the province, he sent him to the gallows. The execution was illegal; for Aug. 4. the loss of power to protect forfeited the right to enforce allegiance. It was most impolitic; for it u
the two policies set forth in the annual Message Mr. Attorney Black said we must execute the laws. I, said Mr. Floyd, could not quite bow to that, Mr. Buchanan said, this question of the forts is a question of property. I agreed to that. I said more. I said, I am your Secretary, and have in my hands this property of the forts. I will turn over to my successor that property inviolate. I know these people of South Carolina. I went to school among them.--I know they are not thieves. Isaac Hayne, Mentganit and F auk Pickeus are good men — they are greatmen — and I will back their honesty and integrity, it necessary, with my blood. But I cannot consent that you place among them a military power that would choke them to the ground. At a subsequent interview with the President, he said to me: --"Mr. Floyd, what about sending recruits to Charleston I" Said I, "Nothing about sending recruits." "Don't you intend to strengthen the forts at Charleston?" he asked. I replied "I do not."
staid at home under the impression that they would not be compelled to engage in the war; but finding that they were compelled to fight, they determined to fight by the side of their countrymen, and not against them. Many who had even taken the oath of allegiance, on the condition, either expressed or implied, that they would be allowed to remain quiet at home, considered themselves absolved from their engagements by this new proclamation. Among others who stood in that category was Colonel Isaac Hayne, who was afterwards captured and executed by Lord Rawdon, whose name has been held in execution from that day to this by the whole continent of America. The Yankees have written nearly all the books that have been published touching the revolution of 76; and there is not one of these books in which the conduct of Lord Cornwallis is not severely reprobated. The idea of drafting men against their will to fight against their own countrymen, and probably to kill or be killed by some of