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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 15 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morse, Jedediah 1761-1826 (search)
dediah 1761-1826 Theologian and geographer; born in Woodstock, Conn., Aug. 23, 1761; graduated at Yale College in 1783, and was installed pastor of the First Congregational Church at Charlestown, Mass., in 1789. In the twenty-third year of his age he prepared a small geography, which was the first ever published in America. This was followed by larger geographies and gazetteers of the United States, with the help of Jeremy Belknap, the historian, Thomas Hutchins, the geographer, and Ebenezer Hazen. For thirty years Mr. Morse was without an important competitor in this field of literature, and translations of his works were made into the French and German languages. Dr. Morse was a life-long polemical theologian, and combated Unitarianism in New England most sturdily. In 1805 he established the Panoplist, and was prominent in founding the Andover Theological Seminary. His persistent opposition to liberalism in religion brought upon him much persecution, which affected his natur
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Battle of Murfreesboro, or battle of Stone River, (search)
outhward to attack Bragg below Nashville. Rosecrans was assisted by Generals Thomas, McCook. Crittenden, Rousseau, Palmer, Sheridan, J. C. Davis, Wood, Van Cleve, Hazen, Negley, Matthews, and others; and Bragg had Generals Polk, Breckinridge, Hardee, Kirby Smith, Cheatham, Withers, Cleburne, and Wharton. On Dec. 30 the two armies exposed by Negley's retirement while the new line was being formed. Craft's brigade was forced back, when the Confederates fell upon another. under acting Brigadier-General Hazen, of the 41st Ohio Volunteers, who was posted in a cotton-field. This little brigade, only 1,300 strong, stood firmly in the way of the Confederates, s lost 12,000 men, of whom 1,538 were killed. Bragg reported his loss at 10,000. It was estimated by Rosecrans to be much greater than his own. On the spot where Hazen's thin brigade so gallantly held the Confederates at bay, a lasting memorial of the event has been erected in the form of a substantial stone monument in the centr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sherman, William Tecumseh 1820-1829 (search)
corps, had passed the Ogeechee. This was a most skilful manoeuvre; and then, having destroyed the principal railways in Georgia over long distances, Sherman was prepared to make a final conquest of the State. Moving on seaward, the division of Hazen had a severe skirmish (Dec. 4) at Statesburg, south of the Ogeechee. General Sherman's headquarters during March to the sea. Attack on Fort McAllister. The Confederates were dispersed. On the same day Kilpatrick fought Wheeler on the railmake the Ogeechee an avenue of supply, oceanward, for his army, and to communicate with the Union fleet outside. The latter was soon effected. Fort McAllister, near the mouth of the Ogeechee, was in the way, and, on the 13th, Slocum ordered General Hazen to carry it by assault. It was a strong, enclosed redoubt, garrisoned by 200 men. It was carried, and this was the brilliant ending of the march from Atlanta to the sea. It opened to Sherman's army a new base of supplies. Sherman communicat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
sea......Nov. 14, 1864 Blockade of Norfolk, Va., Fernandina, and Pensacola raised by proclamation of President......Nov. 19, 1864 Confederate incendiaries fire many hotels in New York......Nov. 25, 1864 Battle of Franklin......Nov. 30, 1864 Second session convenes......Dec. 5, 1864 Fourth annual message of President Lincoln......Dec. 6, 1864 Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Ll.D., born 1793, dies at Washington, D. C.......Dec. 10, 1864 Fort McAllister, Savannah, Ga., captured by Hazen's division of Sherman's army......Dec. 13, 1864 Thomas defeats Hood at Nashville, Tenn......Dec. 15-16, 1864 President Lincoln calls for 300,000 volunteers to make up deficiency in call July 18, 1864. If not obtained before Feb. 15, 1865, a draft to be made......Dec. 19, 1864 Savannah, evacuated by Confederates Dec. 20, occupied by Sherman......Dec. 21, 1864 Grade of vice-admiral established for the United States navy by act of Congress......Dec. 21, 1864 Fort Fisher, N. C.,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
elivers an address on the crisis, at Macon......Sept. 23, 1864 Battle of Allatoona Pass......Oct. 6, 1864 Sherman begins his march to the sea with two corps of the Army of the Tennessee under Howard, and two corps of the Army of the Cumberland under Slocum......Nov. 14, 1864 [City of Atlanta burned at the same time.] Governor Brown and Georgia legislature, in session at Milledgeville, leave hurriedly for Augusta......Nov. 18, 1864 Fort McAllister captured by the Federals under Hazen......Dec. 13, 1864 Confederates evacuate Savannah......Dec. 20, 1864 Legislature assembles at Macon......Feb. 11, 1865. James Johnson appointed provisional governor by President Johnson......June 17, 1865 Convention of State Delegates at Milledgeville repeal ordinance of secession......Oct. 30, 1865 War debt declared void by convention, and revised constitution adopted......Nov. 7, 1865 Legislature assembled at Milledgeville adopts amendment to federal Constitution abolishi