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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Leading Confederates on the battle of Gettysburg. (search)
l Heth could not have read the report of General A. P. Hill in the November No., 1876, of the Southe While this was going on, I was ordered by General Hill, through Captain Hill, to move in person toCaptain Hill, to move in person to the right with the two brigades forming my second line, and to report to General Longstreet as a su Hill with General Lee and Generals Heth and A. P. Hill, and Doctors Cullen and Maury, surgeons. Upe movement toward the enemy was begun at once. Hill marched toward Gettysburg, and my corps followe or four miles when we heard heavy firing along Hill's front. The firing became so heavy that Generte by a direct attack on the enemy's right, and Hill to threaten his centre and attack if opportunituch a force-full forty-five thousand men, under Hill and Longstreeteven though it threatened to pierte by a vigorous movement against his right and Hill should have moved against his centre. Had thisnear Chambersburg information was received that Hill and Ewell were about. to come into contact wit[15 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Our Gettysburg series. (search)
lish. We sent some twenty-five copies of this letter to leading Confederates who participated in the battle and were in position to know its inside history, selecting representatives of every corps and division of our army, and of every arm of the service. The replies received we forwarded to the Count of Paris, and have published in our papers without note or comment of our own. Besides these we have published at different times the official reports of Generals R. E. Lee, Longstreet, A. P. Hill, J. E. B. Stuart, Rodes, R. H. Anderson, Brigadier-General J. B. Robertson, Colonel W. W. White, commanding Anderson's brigade, Brigadier-General H. L. Benning, Brigadier-Gereral J. B. Kershaw, Colonel E. P. Alexander, and Brigadier-General J. H. Lane. The reports of Generals Early, and Ewell had been previously published in the Southern Magazine, and the report of General W. N. Pendleton, Chief of Artillery, Army Nothern Virginia, which is crowded out of this number, will be published
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), A review of the First two days operations at Gettysburg and a reply to General Longstreet by General Fitz. Lee. (search)
tysburg. Did such failure arise from Ewell and Hill not pushing their success on the 1st of July? You ask, How many troops would have oppposed Hill and Ewell had the attack been continued on the Pendleton, all confirm this testimony. General A. P. Hill, in his official report of the battle of General Lindsay Walker, chief-of-artillery of Hill's corps, in a letter to me, says: Letter froation took place with Generals Lee, Longstreet, Hill, and perhaps Ewell. But I am positive that in receiving my instructions from General Hill, on the night of the 1st of July, he told me that the right. Colonel Poague explained that he was in Hill's, not Longstreet's command, and General Lee atrness twenty-four hours behind time, just as A. P. Hill was about to sustain a terrible disaster whthis statement of the Federal force. Ewell and Hill's corps numbered together about 28,000 men on td as were the enemy's batteries on the Cemetery Hill fronting our left, and commanding as was their [7 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Numerical strength of the armies at Gettysburg. (search)
enabled to review my figures, and find that the estimate of strength on the 31st May, 1863, does not include the officers present for duty. At that date the effective strength of General Lee's army was as follows: Longstreet's command, 29,171; A. P. Hill's command, 30,286; cavalry, 10,292; artillery, 4,702. Total effective of all arms, 74,451. And carrying out the same reasoning as that originally pursued, I would say that General Lee had at Gettysburg, including all the cavalry, 67,000 men — tive Total. Enlisted Men.Officers. First Army Corps: General Staff13 Anderson's Division6,797643 McLaws' Division6,684627 Hood's Division7,030690 Pickett's Division6,072615 Total First Corps26,5832,58829,171 Second Army Corps: General Staff17 A. P. Hill's Division8,501798 Rodes' Division7,815648 Early's Division6,368575 Johnson's Division5,089475 Total Second Corps27,7732,51330,286 Cavalry9,53675610,292 Artillery4,4602424,702 Total effective Army of Northern Virginia 74, 4561
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Longstreet's Second paper on Gettysburg. (search)
t and rear on the night of the 1st, and placed between him and his capital, and thus forced him to attack us, as he certainly intended doing; sixth, when I attacked the enemy's left, on the 2d, Ewell should have moved at once against his right and Hill should have threatened his centre, and thus prevented a concentration of the whole Federal army at the point I was assaulting; seventh, on the morning of the 3d we should still have moved to the right, and manceuvred the Federals into attacking usly amendment that would have ensued, or even promised victory, was for Ewell to have marched in upon the enemy's right when it was guarded by a single brigade, run over their works, and fall upon their rear while I engaged them in front, and while Hill lay in a threatening position in their centre. Had this co-operative movement been made, the battle would, in all probability, have been ours. As it was, no disposition of the men under my charge, no change in the time or method or spirit of the
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Steuart's brigade at the battle of Gettysburg.--a narrative by Rev. Randolph H. McKim, D. D., late First Lieutenant and Aide-de-camp, Confederate army. (search)
reater distance; it was not less. Our camp on the night of the 30th must have been not far east or west of Greenwood. Thus it appears that the men of the Third brigade had marched, within the nine days preceding the battle, at least 133, perhaps as much as 138 miles. But, though weary and footsore, they moved forward with alacrity to take part in the great conflict which was already begun. In the first day's action they were not engaged, the enemy having been driven from the field by A. P. Hill, Rodes, and Early before their arrival. The time of their arrival may be fixed by the circumstance which I distintly remember, viz: the arrival of General Lee upon the field, his survey of the enemy's position on Cemetery Hill with his glass, and the dispatch of one of his staff immediately in the direction of the town. Passing over the scene of conflict, where the line of battle could be in some places distinctly traced by the ranks of dead Federal soldiers, they entered the town of G
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Editorial paragraphs. (search)
d of every rank) were remembered, and that at least some simple flower decorated the grave of each, we felt that it might be gratifying to loved ones far away to assure them that Richmond still cherishes in her heart of hearts the boys who wore the gray and freely gave their lives in her defence. It was a sacred privilege to stand among the graves of these unknown heroes of the rank and file, or to linger around the resting-place of Jeb Stuart, whose stainless sword is sheathed forever; A. P. Hill, who gladly laid down his noble life at the call of duty; the gallant Pickett, who appropriately bivouacks among his boys on Gettysburg hill; Willie Pegram, the boy artillerist, whose record lives in the hearts of the whole army, and whose last words were: I have done my duty, and now I turn to my Savior ; John H. Pegram, whose brave young life was sacrificed at the post of duty he always coveted; General Ed. Johnson, who so loved to go in with the boys, musket in hand; General Henry A. Wi