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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hood, Samuel 1800-1875 (search)
Hood, Samuel 1800-1875 Lawyer; born in Moyle, Ireland, about 1800; came to the United States in 1826; admitted to the bar in Philadelphia, and began practice there. He contributed to periodicals and published A practical treatise on the law of Decedents in Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia, Pa., about 1875.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnston, Joseph Eccleston 1809- (search)
adier-general, in June, 1860. He joined the Confederates in the spring of 1861, and was commissioned a major-general in the Army of Virginia. He was in command at the battle of Bull Run, and fought gallantly on the Virginia peninsula, until wounded at the battle of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines (1862), when he was succeeded by Lee. He afterwards opposed Grant and Sherman in the Mississippi Valley. He was in command during the Atlanta campaign in 1864 until July, when he was superseded by General Hood. When Johnston heard of Sherman's raid, and perceived that Polk could not resist him, he sent two divisions of Hardee's corps, under Generals Stewart and Anderson, to assist Polk. Grant, in command at Chattanooga (February, 1864), sent General Palmer with a force to counteract this movement. Palmer moved with his corps directly upon Dalton (Feb. 22), Joseph Eccleston Johnston. where Johnston was encamped. The Confederates were constantly pushed back and there was almost continual
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jonesboro, battle of. (search)
ck, wounded, and stores near the Chattahoochee, and Howard and the rest of the army moved for the West Point Railway. General Stanley's corps was on the extreme left, and the armies of Howard, Thomas, and Schofield pressed forward so secretly that Hood was not informed of the movement until the Nationals were destroying that road. This was done, Aug. 28, for 12 miles, and the next day they struck the Macon road. Schofield reached the road at Rough-and-Ready Station, 10 miles from Atlanta. Thomas struck it at Couch's; and Howard, crossing the Flint River half a mile from Jonesboro, approached it at that point. There he was met by one-half of Hood's army, under Hardee. With the remainder Hood was holding the defences of Atlanta, but he was too weak to attempt to strike Schofield. There was a severe fight at the passage of the Flint River, on the morning of Aug. 31, between the forces of Howard and Hardee. Howard's army was disposed with Blair's corps in the centre, and rude breast
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kenesaw Mountains, action near (search)
s. Upon the latter eminence the Nationals advanced in a heavy rain-storm, and on the 17th the Confederates abandoned Lost Mountain and the long line of intrenchments connecting it with Kenesaw. Sherman continually pressed them heavily, skirmishing in dense forests, furrowed with ravines and tangled with vines. From the top of Kenesaw Johnston could see the movements of the Nationals, and from batteries on its summit could hurl plunging shot. The antagonists struggled on; and finally General Hood sallied out of the Confederate intrenchments with a strong force to break through Sherman's line between Thomas and Schofield. He was received with a terrible return blow, which made him recoil in great confusion, leaving, in his retreat, his killed, wounded, and many prisoners. This struggle is known in history as the battle of the Kulp House. This repulse inspirited the Nationals. On June 27 they made a furious assault on the Confederate lines at two points south of Kenesaw, to brea
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Logan, John Alexander 1826-1886 (search)
ral Longstreet in his report of that battle to General Lee states that: About four o'clock in the afternoon the enemy began to press forward against General Jackson's position. Wilcox's brigades were moved back to their former position, and Hood's two brigades, supported by Evans, were quickly thrust forward to the attack. At the same time Wilcox's three brigades made a like advance, as also Hunton's brigade of Kemper's command. Now we will see how many troops there were. Wilcox had three brigades and Hood two brigades, Evans one, and Hunton one. Seven brigades of Longstreet's command (besides his artillery), that were formed in battery and playing furiously upon Pope's left in the direction of Groveton, and at four o'clock were attacking Pope's left at that very time, and they were not withdrawn, but continued the onslaught. At five o'clock (one hour later), General Porter received the 4.30 order to attack the enemy's right and rear at once. At this very moment when he w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McCook, Edward Moody 1833- (search)
shed for skill and bravery in quick movements. During the siege of Atlanta he was ordered to move out to Fayetteville and, sweeping round, join Stoneman—leading another cavalry raid—at Lovejoy's Station on the night of July 28. He and Stoneman moved simultaneously. McCook went down the west side of the Chattahoochee; crossed it on a pontoon bridge at Rivertown: tore up the track between Atlanta and West Point, near Palmetto Station: and pushed on to Fayetteville, where he captured 500 of Hood's wagons and 250 men, and killed or carried away about 1,000 mules. Pressing on, he struck and destroyed the Macon Railway at Lovejoy's at the appointed time; but Stoneman did not join him. Being hard pressed by Wheeler's cavalry, McCook turned to the southward and struck the West Point road again at Newman's Station. There he was met by a force of Mississippi infantry moving on Atlanta, and, at the same time, his rear was closely pressed by Confederate cavalry. He fought at great odds, bu
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mobile, Ala. (search)
Mobile, to induce the belief that Montgomery was Canby's real objective point. On March 25 this force encountered and defeated 800 Alabama cavalry under General Clanton. The Confederates lost about 200 men killed and wounded, and 275 made prisoners. Steele found very little opposition afterwards until he reached the front of Blakely. The Nationals on the east side of the bay pushed on to Spanish Fort, 7 miles east of Mobile. It was invested, March 27, but its garrison of nearly 3,000 of Hood's late army, with its neighbors, made it a stout antagonist, willing to give blow for blow. Warmer and warmer waxed the fight on that day, and before sunset a tremendous artillery duel was in progress, in which gunboats of both parties joined, and kept it up all night. Then a siege was formally begun (March 28). The Nationals finally brought to bear upon the fort sixteen mortars, twenty heavy guns, and six field-pieces. Towards sunset, April 8, Canby began a general assault by a consecutiv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nashville, (search)
mas were better and more numerous than those of Hood, but, on account of the absence of cavalry and y of transportation, he withheld an attack upon Hood, who was in front of him for about a fortnight.ade a vigorous movement of his left to distract Hood. The country was covered with a dense fog, while Wilson's cavalry made a wide circuit to gain Hood's rear. Other troops were busy on the right, scted a brigade led by Col. S. P. Post to charge Hood's works on Montgomery Hill. This was done, and morning of the 16th Wood advanced, forced back Hood's skirmishers on the Franklin pike, and, pushing on southward, was confronted by Hood's new line of defences on Overton's Hill, 5 miles from the cismounted, formed on his right. The movement on Hood's left, so successful the day before, was now c During the two days Thomas had captured from Hood 4,462 prisoners, fifty-three guns, and many sma5, at 10,000 men, or less than half the loss of Hood. During that time lie had captured 11,857 men,[1 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Schofield, John McAllister 1831- (search)
rsity, Mo., when the Civil War broke out. He was chief of Lyon's staff at Wilson's Creek, and in November, 1861, was made brigadier-general of volunteers, commanding the Missouri militia. In April, 1862, he commanded the District of Missouri, and in October the Army of the Frontier, with which he drove the organized Confederate forces into Arkansas. In November, 1862, he was made major-general of volunteers. In the Atlanta campaign, in 1864, he was conspicuous; also in the campaign against Hood in Tennessee until the battle of Nashville, when he was transferred to North Carolina, taking possession of Wilmington, and was active until the surrender of Johnston. He was brevetted major-general, United States army, in March, 1865; was Secretary of War ad interim on the resignation of General Grant in 1868; resigned in 1869; and was assigned to the Department of Missouri. He was promoted lieutenant-general in February, 1895, and retired in September following. He published Forty-six ye
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sherman, William Tecumseh 1820-1829 (search)
rce of 55,000 men, led by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, and arranged in three corps, commanded respectively by Generals Hardee, Hood, and Polk. This army then lay at Dalton, at the parting of the ways —one leading into east Tennessee and the other into wght May 25. Johnston finally pressed on to Marietta and Atlanta, where, towards the middle of July, he was succeeded by Hood. The latter city was captured by Sherman, who entered it Sept. 2, 1864. Late in October Sherman prepared for a march thr cavalry in Kentucky and Tennessee, and report to Thomas. It was believed that Thomas now had strength sufficient to keep Hood out of Tennessee, whose force then was about 35,000 infantry and 10,000 cavalry. When, on Nov. 1, Hood was laying a pontoHood was laying a pontoon bridge over the Tennessee at Florence for the invasion of Tennessee, Sherman, who had pursued him, turned his forces towards Atlanta, his troops destroying all the mills and foundries at Rome, and dismantling the railway from the Etowah River to
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