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Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life 240 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hopper, Isaac Tatem 1771-1852 (search)
Hopper, Isaac Tatem 1771-1852 Philanthropist; born in Gloucester county, N. J., Dec. 3. 1771; accepted the Quaker faith early in life, and later adhered to the doctrines promulgated by Elias Hicks, whose followers became known as Hicksites. As a member of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society he often protected the negro people of Philadelphia from the slave kidnappers who infested that city. Later he became widely known through his efforts for the reform of convicts, and lived to see an asomulgated by Elias Hicks, whose followers became known as Hicksites. As a member of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society he often protected the negro people of Philadelphia from the slave kidnappers who infested that city. Later he became widely known through his efforts for the reform of convicts, and lived to see an asylum established by his daughter, Mrs. Abby H. Gibbons, in behalf of these unfortunates, and named in his honor the Isaac T. Hopper home. He died in New York City, May 7, 1852.
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, Life of Isaac T. Hopper. (search)
Life of Isaac T. Hopper. Isaac Tatem Hopper was born in Deptford Township, near Woodbury, West New-Jersey, in the year 1771, on the third day of December, which Quakers call the Twelth Month. Isaac Tatem Hopper was born in Deptford Township, near Woodbury, West New-Jersey, in the year 1771, on the third day of December, which Quakers call the Twelth Month. His grandfather belonged to that denomination of Christians, but forfeited membership in the Society by choosing a wife from another sect. His son Levi, the father of Isaac, always attended their mee last they were compelled to retreat. She had a daughter, who was often at play with neighbor Hopper's children; and when Levi was quite a small boy, it used to be said playfully that little Rachelnducted his young bride, and there his two first children were born. The second was named Isaac Tatem Hopper, and is the subject of this memoir. Rachel inherited her mother's energy and courage, aania Abolition Society was frequently called upon to protect the rights of colored people. Isaac T. Hopper became an active and leading member of this association. He was likewise one of the overse
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, Charles Webster. (search)
Charles Webster. in 1797, a wealthy gentleman from Virginia went to spend the winter in Philadelphia, accompanied by his wife and daughter. He had a slave named Charles Webster, whom he took with him as coachman and waiter. When they had been in the city a few weeks, Charles called upon Isaac T. Hopper, and inquired whether he had become free in consequence of his master's bringing him into Pennsylvania. It was explained to him, that if he remained there six months, with his master's knowledge and consent, he would then be a free man, according to the laws of Pennsylvania. The slave was quite disheartened by this information; for he supposed his owner was well acquainted with the law, and would therefore be careful to take him home before that term expired. I am resolved never to return to Virginia, said he. Where can I go to be safe? Friend Hopper told him his master might be ignorant of the law, or forgetful of it. He advised him to remain with the family until he sa
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, Ben Jackson. (search)
t him before a magistrate, and demanded the usual certificate to authorize him to take his human chattel back to Virginia, Ben neither admitted nor denied that he was a slave. He merely showed the certificate of Dr. Rush, and requested that Isaac T. Hopper might be informed of his situation. Joseph Bird, the justice before whom the case was brought, detested slavery, and was a sincere friend to the colored people. He committed Ben to prison until morning, and despatched a note to Isaac T. Hr, Ben's wife cut the cord that held it, and they tumbled heels over head upon the shed. This bruised them some, and frightened them still more. They scrambled upon their feet, cursing at a round rate. Ben arrived safely at the house of Isaac T. Hopper, who induced him to quit the city immediately, and go to sea. His first voyage was to the East Indies. While he was gone, Friend Hopper negotiated with the master, who, finding there was little chance of regaining his slave, agreed to manum
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, Thomas Cooper. (search)
s a slave, an order was granted to carry him back to Maryland. Isaac T. Hopper was present at this decision, and was afflicted by it beyond msobs, though it was evident his heart was well nigh breaking. Isaac T. Hopper was present at this distressing scene, and suffered almost as med with the power of a wicked law. He accordingly hastened to Isaac T. Hopper for advice and assistance. The yellow fever was then ragingumor, and a message soon came from the mayor requesting to see Isaac T. Hopper. He obeyed the summons, and the magistrate said to him, This prudently declined giving any information, but referred him to Isaac T. Hopper, as the most suitable person to consult in the case. Finding too well founded. A few months after his family rejoined him, Isaac T. Hopper heard that his master had arrived in Philadelphia, and was goio quit his retreat. He hastened to Philadelphia, and informed Isaac T. Hopper what had happened. His friend represented to him the unchrist
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, A child Kidnapped. (search)
replied that a passenger by the name of Dana brought him on board, and that the boy said he stole him from his mother. A note was immediately despatched to Isaac T. Hopper, who, being away from home, did not receive it till ten o'clock at night. The moment he read it, lie called for a constable, and proceeded directly to the scnd wading through gutters, till they arrived in Front street, where Mr. Inskeep, the mayor, lived. It was past midnight, but when a servant informed him that Isaac T. Hopper had been ringing at the door, and wished to see him, he ordered him to be shown up into his chamber. After apologizing for the unseasonableness of the hour, l the next morning, under penalty of forfeiting three thousand dollars. The cook was committed to prison, as a witness; and the colored boy was sent home with Isaac T. Hopper, who agreed to produce him at the time appointed. Very early the next morning, he sent a messenger to inform the mother that her child was in safety; but s
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, Wagelma. (search)
ewcastle packet bound to Baltimore, without having the consent of the boy or his mother, as the laws of Pennsylvania required. The mother did not even know of his intended departure, till she heard that her child was on board the ship. Fears that he might be sold into slavery, either in Baltimore or the West Indies, seized upon her mind; and even if that dreadful fate did not await him, there was great probability that she would never see him again. In her distress she called upon Isaac T. Hopper, immediately after sunrise. He hastened to the wharf, where the Newcastle packet generally lay, but had the mortification to find that she had already started, and that a gentle breeze was wafting her down the stream. He mounted a fleet horse, and in twenty minutes arrived at Gloucester Point, three miles below the city. The ferry at that place was kept by a highly respectable widow, with whom he had been long acquainted. He briefly stated the case to her, and she at once ordered on
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, James Poovey. (search)
slave. When he had been in jail a month, he called to see him, and inquired whether he were ready to return home and go to work. I am at home, replied James. I expect to end my days here. I never will serve you again as a slave, or pay you one single cent. What do you come here for? There is no use in your coming. The master was greatly provoked by this conduct, and requested the inspectors to have him put in the cells and kept on short allowance, till he learned to submit. Isaac T. Hopper was one of the board; and as the question was concerning a colored man, they referred it to him. Accordingly, the blacksmith sought an interview with him, and said, Jim has been a faithful industrious fellow; but of late he has taken it into his head that he ought to be free. He strolled off and refused to work, and I had him put in prison. When I called to see him he insulted me grossly, and positively refused to return to his business. I have been referred to you to obtain an order
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, Romaine. (search)
eive him, and they would have pushed him in, but he suddenly took a pruning knife from his pocket, and drew it three times across his throat with such force that it severed the jugular vein instantly, and he fell dead on the pavement. As the party had travelled all night, seemed in great haste, and watched their colored companions so closely some persons belonging to the prison where they stopped suspected they might have nefarious business on hand; accordingly, a message was sent to Isaac T. Hopper, as the man most likely to right all the wrongs of the oppressed. He obeyed the summons immediately; but when he arrived, he found the body of poor Romaine weltering in blood on the pavement. Speaking of this scene forty years later, he said, My whole soul was filled with horror, as I stood viewing the corpse. Reflecting on that awful spectacle, I exclaimed within myself, How long, O Lord, how long shall this abominable system of slavery be permitted to curse the land! My mind wa
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life, The slave Hunter. (search)
pper thought it right to return the forty-five dollars to David Lea; but he declined receiving it. He would take only three dollars, to defray his expenses home; and gave the following written document concerning the remainder: I request Isaac T. Hopper to pay the money received from the order, which I gave him upon Nathan Peacock, to the managers of the Pennsylvania Hospital, or to any other charitable institution he may judge proper. His David X Lea. Mark. He was discharged from prison, and the money paid to the Pennsylvania Hospital. Next year, the following item was published in their accounts: Received of David Lea, a noted negro-catcher, by the hands of Isaac T. Hopper, forty-two dollars; he having received forty-five dollars for taking up a runaway slave, of which he afterward repented, and directed the sum to be paid to the Pennsylvania Hospital, after deducting three dollars to pay his expenses home. The slave was carried back to the South, but escaped
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