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ulture was the chief resource of the people. Every child was, to a certain extent, a producer, and children had to work part of each year before they had reached their teens. From early spring until the crops were in and the grain harvested the girls and boys had to assist in putting in the wheat and small grain that must be sown in the fall, and in gathering and garnering the corn and other products, and all without the aid of machinery. There were no McCormick reapers and harvesters, or Hough's ploughs and planters; but with oxen, mules, and horses men and boys ploughed all day long, while the women and weaker or aged men followed in the furrows, dropping the seeds by hand. The harvesting was done with cradle, scythe, or sickle, while men followed the skilful cradler, and by hand bound the bundles of rye, oats, and wheat. Others followed and shocked them in the fields till they had passed through the sweat and were ready for the thrashing-yard. Here was heard the stamp of many
ould subject me, he decided to assume the responsibility of sending me to report to General Halleck at Shiloh, and gave me an order to that effect. This I consider the turning-point in my military career, and shall always feel grateful to Colonel Kelton for his kindly act which so greatly influenced my future. My desire to join the army at Shiloh had now taken possession of me, and I was bent on getting there by the first means available. Learning that a hospital-boat under charge of Dr. Hough was preparing to start for Pittsburg Landing, I obtained the Doctor's consent to take passage on it, and on the evening of April 15 I left St. Louis for the scene of military operations in northeastern Mississippi. At Pittsburg Landing I reported to General Halleck, who, after some slight delay, assigned me to duty as an assistant to Colonel George Thom, of the topographical engineers. Colonel Thom put me at the work of getting the trains up from the landing, which involved the repair
ing, defiant refusal returned to the President's requisition for troops by Gov. Jackson, he proceeded April 22d. to call an extra session of his Legislature, to begin May 2d, for the purpose of enacting such laws and adopting such measures as may be necessary for the more perfect organization and equipment of the Militia of this State, and to raise money and such other means as may be required to place the State in a proper attitude of defense. Orders were issued by his Adjutant-General, Hough, to the Militia officers of the State, to assemble their respective commands May 3d, to go into encampment for a week. The Legislature having been on that day reconvened by him, the Governor transmitted to it a Message, denouncing the President's call for troops as unconstitutional and illegal, tending toward a consolidated despotism. Though he did not venture, directly, to advocate secession, lie did all he could and dared to promote it; urging the Legislature to appropriate a large sum t
tenant-Colonel McCreery, Twenty-first Michigan. Lieutenant-Colonel N. H. Walworth, Forty-second Illinois. Lieutenant-Colonel F. Swannick, Twenty-second Illinois (wounded and a prisoner). Captain Samuel Johnson, Twenty-second Illinois. Major W. A. Schmitt, Twenty-seventh Illinois. Captain Wescott, Fifty-first Illinois. I respectfully bring to the notice of the General commanding, the good conduct of Captain Hescock, Chief of Artillery, whose services were almost invaluable. Also, Captains Hough-tailing and Bush, and the officers and men of their batteries. Surgeon D. J. Griffiths, Medical Director of my division, and Doctor McArthur, of the Board of Medical Examiners of Illinois, were most assiduous in their care of the wounded. Major H. F. Dietz, Provost Marshal; Captain Morhardt, Topographical Engineer; Lieutenant George Lee, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General; Lieutenants A. M. Denning, Frank H. Allen, E. W. DeBruin, J. L. Forman, and Soward, Aids-de-Camp, officers of m
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The advance on Washington in 1864. (search)
. He thus gives his statement of the forces within the defenses of Washington, and in adjacent camps on the 10th of July, 1864: The effective forces were 1,819 infantry, 1,834 artillery, and sixty-three cavalry, north of the Potomac, and 4,064 infantry, 1,772 artillery, and fifty-one cavalry, south thereof. There were besides in Washington and Alexandria about 3,900 effectives (First and Second District of Columbia volunteers, Veteran Reserves, and detachments), under Generals Wisewell and Hough, doing duty as guards, &c., &c., and about 4,400 (six regiments) of Veteran Reserves. At the artillery camp of instruction (Camp Barry) were five field batteries (627 men). A brigade of cavalry consisting of the Second Massachusetts, Thirteenth and Sixteenth New York regiments, numbering a little over 800 effectives, was posted in the neighborhood of Falls Church and Annandale, and commanded by the lamented Colonel C. R. Lowell (subsequently killed at Cedar Creek) who handled it with great
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Memoir of the First Maryland regiment. (search)
e part of the line and Colonel Walker at the other, a vidette came dashing in, saying the Yankees were coming, and kept on with accelerated speed. Colonel Walker immediately offered to post himself on the railroad on right and rear, to prevent a flank movement, while Colonel Johnson collected his pickets to give them a brush in front. Just then the enemy's skirmishers appeared, and whilst Colonel Johnson was galloping towards parts of A and B companies to hurry them on, having ordered Lieutenant Hough, Company F, to fall back and hold a road, a troop of about forty cavalry charged Company F, some of them chasing the Colonel a short distance, and broke it as it endeavored to reach a fence to form on. Part of it got to the fence, and with Lieutenant-Colonel Stewart, delivered a well directed volley, killed the commanding officer, and saved themselves, except Lieutenant Stewart, who was taken prisoner. In the meantime Colonel Johnson was hurrying the junction of the other companies to
endulum timepiece; it makes a complete revolution in one week, and carries a glazed paper which has been smoked black by means of a candle. At the extremity of the lever is a very fine spring, pointed at the end, which rests upon the cylinder and traces a white line upon the black ground. At the end of each week the paper is changed for a fresh one, the record on the old one being protected by a coat of varnish. The action of the self-registering and printing barometer, invented by Professor Hough of the Albany Observatory, depends upon the making and breaking of an electric circuit by the rising and falling of the mercury, for the communication of impulses to electro-magnets, which unlock a train of clockwork so devised as not only to describe a constant curve upon a piece of paper, representing the hight French Barometrograph. of the column at any time of day and night for many days in succession, but also to print upon pages, which may be subsequently bound, the hights of
, from target to target, each of which, as we have said, is connected with a separate apparatus. In this way both the space and the time employed in going over it being determined, the velocity, which is the ratio of time to space, is determined also to a fraction of one two-thousandth of a second. Since 1848, the idea of recording astronomical observations by galvanic electricity has been put in successful operation by several individuals; Professor Hilgard of the coast survey, and Professor Hough of the Dudley Observatory, among the num- ber. The chronograph of the latter prints with type the time of an observation. The professor thus describes it in brief. The plan is based upon the principle of using separate systems of mechanism for the fast moving type-wheel, and those recording the integer minutes and seconds, regulating each with electro-magnets controlled by the standard clock. I. A system of clock-work carrying a type-wheel with fifty numbers on its rim, revolving
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 35. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Warren Blues—Extra Billy's men: Roll of officers and men of a famous band of Veterans. (search)
Seven Pines. Foster, John R., private, wounded (dead). Foaley, Noah, private, missing (dead). Grove, William, private, killed at first battle of Manassas. Garrett, Newman, private, wounded (living). Gore, Dewitt C., private, wounded (living). Green, Bushrod R., private, deserted to the enemy. Gordon, Oliver R., private, killed at Seven Pines. Garmong, Theophilus H., private, killed at Cold Harbor, June 3rd. Hoskins, Daniel H., private, killed at the Wilderness. Hough, Alpheus, private, wounded (dead). Hall, John, corporal, died at Manassas, 1861. Hall, George W., private, killed at Fisher's Hill. Henry, John J., private, wounded. Henry, Marcus, private, wounded at the Wilderness (dead). Henry, John W., private, wounded at Winchester, 1864. Henry, Gibson E., private, killed at first battle of Fredericksburg. Henry, Moses, private, wounded (dead). Henry, George W., killed. Hoffman, John W., private, killed. Hoffman, George, pr
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 5. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier), Margaret Smith's Journal (search)
me they did use to set up stones of memorial on the banks of deliverance, so would I at this season set up, as it were, in my poor journal, a like pillar of thanksgiving to the praise and honor of Him who hath so kindly cared for His unworthy handmaid. January 16, 1679. Have just got back from Reading, a small town ten or twelve miles out of Boston, whither I went along with mine Uncle and Aunt Rawson, and many others, to attend the ordination of Mr. Brock, in the place of the worthy Mr. Hough, lately deceased. The weather being clear, and the travelling good, a great concourse of people got together. We stopped at the ordinary, which we found wellnigh filled; but uncle, by dint of scolding and coaxing, got a small room for aunt and myself, with a clean bed, which was more than we had reason to hope for. The ministers, of whom there were many and of note (Mr. Mather and Mr. Wilson of Boston, and Mr. Corbet of Ipswich, being among them), were already together at the house of on
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