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ent through with him —fighting their way to Atlanta, and marching on the famous expedition from Atlanta to the sea and north through the Carolinas to the battle of Bentonville and Johnston's surrender. From left to right they are: Major-General O. O. Howard, Commanding the Army of the Tennessee Major-General J. A. Logan, formerly Commanding the Army of the Tennessee Major-General W. B. Hazen, Commanding a Division in the Fifteenth Army Corps Major-General W. T. Sherman, Commanding, division leader in Blair's Corps. William Harrow commanded division in Logan's Corps. John W. fuller, leader of a division in Dodge's Corps. Thomas W. Sweeney led a division in Dodge's Corps. George D. Wagner commanded a division under Howard. William F. Barry, chief of artillery on Sherman's staff. W. W. Bella, promoted in front of Atlanta. John B. Turpin, leader in the Fourteenth Corps. William T. Ward led a Ivision under Hooker. John W. Sprague, leader in the Sixteenth
of the surrendered garrison remarked, when Jackson was pointed out to him, well, he's not much to look at, but if we'd only had him, we'd never have been in this fix. but within the interval we were to see much of him, and our appreciation speedily penetrated below the surface indica- Confederate generals with Jackson at the last— Chancellorsville B. D. Fry, Colonel of the 13th Alabama; later led a brigade in Pickett's charge. F. T. Nichols, wounded in the flank attack on Howard's Corps, May 2, 1863. Harry T. Hays, later charged the batteries at Gettysburg. Robert F. Hoke, later defender of Petersburg, Richmond and Wilmington. William Smith, Colonel of the 49th Virginia; later at Gettysburg. J. R. Jones commanded a brigade of Virginians in Trimble's division. F. L. Thomas commanded a brigade in A. P. Hill's division. tions as we came to know and trust the man who conducted us to unfailing victory. Soldiers always forgive the means so that the end may
Sherman, James B. McPherson, John A. Logan, and O. O. Howard. This army took part in the capture of Vicksburd in Washington, December 26, 1886. Major-General Oliver Otis Howard (U. S. M. A. 1854) was born in Leel Jackson at Chancellorsville. In September, 1863, Howard and his corps were transferred to the Army of the Che became leader of the Fourth Corps, April, 1864. Howard's services at Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain, and Misustrial school at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Major-General Howard was a noted total-abstinence advocate and wa a Corps and led it through the Carolinas. Oliver Otis Howard, commander of the Army of the Tennessee in pa were Major-Generals D. N. Couch, John Sedgwick, O. O. Howard, W. S. Hancock, G. K. Warren, D. B. Birney, A. A was commanded by Major-Generals Gordon Granger, O. O. Howard, D. S. Stanley, and Brigadier-General T. J. Wood, Brigadier-General A. von Steinwehr, and Major-General O. O. Howard. Federal generals—No. 10 Massac
1865. Granger, Gordon, Mar. 13, 1865. Granger, Robt. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Grierson, B. H., Mar. 2, 1867. Griffin, Charles, Mar. 13, 1865. Grover, Cuvier, Mar. 13, 1865. Hardie, James A., Mar. 13, 1865. Harney, Wm. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Hartsuff, G. L., Mar. 13, 1865 Hatch, Edward, Mar. 2, 1867. Hawkins, J. P., Mar. 13, 1865. Hazen, Wm. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Heintzelman, S. P., Mar. 13, 1865. Hoffman, Wm., Mar. 13, 1865. Holt, Joseph, Mar. 13, 1865. Hooker, Joseph, Mar. 13, 1865. Howard, O. O., Mar. 13, 1865. Howe, A. P., Mar. 13, 1865. Humphreys, A. A., Mar. 13, 1865. Hunt, Henry J., Mar. 13, 1865. Hunter, David, Mar. 13, 1865. Ingalls, Rufus, Mar. 13, 1865. Johnson, R. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Kautz, August V., Mar. 13, 1865. Ketchum, Wm. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Kilpatrick, Judson, Mar. 13, 1865. King, John H., Mar. 13, 1865. Long, Eli, Mar. 13, 1865. McCook, A. McD., Mar. 13, 1865. McDowell, Irvin, Mar. 13, 1865. McIntosh, John B., Aug. 5, 1862. Marcy, R. B., Mar. 13, 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allatoona pass, (search)
broken ground. For several days, constantly skirmishing, Sherman tried to break through their lines to the railway east of the Allatoona Pass. McPherson's troops moved to Dallas, and Thomas's deployed against New Hope Church, in the vicinity of which there were many severe encounters, while Schofield was directed to turn and strike Johnston's right. On May 28 the Confederates struck McPherson a severe blow at Dallas: but the assailants were repulsed with heavy loss. At the same time. Howard, nearer the centre, was repulsed. Sherman, by skilful movements, compelled Johnston to evacuate his strong position at Allatoona Pass (June 1, 1864). The National cavalry, under Garrard and Stoneman, were pushed on to occupy it, and there Sherman, planting a garrison, made a secondary base of supplies for his army. Johnston made a stand at the Kenesaw Mountains, near Marietta; but Sherman, who had been reinforced by two divisions under Gen. Frank P. Blair (June 8), very soon caused him to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
s now held position at the Dunker Church, and seemed about to grasp the palm of victory (for Jackson and Hood were falling hack), when fresh Confederate troops, under McLaws and Walker, supported by Early, came up. They penetrated the National line and drove it back, when the unflinching Doubleday gave them such a storm of artillery that they, in turn, fell back to their original position. Sedgwick, twice wounded, was carried from the field, and the command of his division devolved on Gen. O. O. Howard. Generals Crawford and Dana were also wounded. Franklin was sent over to assist the hard-pressed Nationals. Forming on Howard's left, he sent Slocum with his division towards the centre. At the same time General Smith was ordered to retake the ground on which there had been so much fighting, and it was done within fifteen minutes. The Confederates were driven far back. Meanwhile the divisions of French and Richardson had been busy. The former received orders from Sumner to press o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fair Oaks, or seven Pines, battle of (search)
and, without waiting for orders from McClellan, had moved rapidly to the scene of action in time to check the Confederate advance. The battle continued to rage fiercely. General Johnston was severely wounded, and borne from the field; and early in the evening a bayonet charge by the Nationals broke the Confederate line and it fell back in confusion. The fighting then ceased for the night, but was resumed in the morning, June 1, when General Hooker and his troops took a conspicuous part in the struggle, which lasted several hours. Finally the Confederates, toiled, withdrew to Richmond, and the Nationals remained masters of the field of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines. The losses in this battle were about the same on both sides—7,000 men each. It was nearly one-half of both combatants, for not more than 15,000 men on each side were engaged. In this battle Gen. O. O. Howard lost his right arm. Casey's division, that withstood the first shock of the battle, lest one-third of its numbe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Freedmen's Bureau. (search)
Freedmen's Bureau. Early in 1865 Congress established a Bureau of Freedmen, Refugees, and Abandoned Lands, attached to the War Department; and early in May Gen. Oliver O. Howard (q. v.) was appointed commissioner. He appointed eleven assistant commissioners, all army officers; namely—for the District of Columbia, Gen. John Eaton, Jr.; Virginia, Col. O. Brown; North Carolina, Col. E. Whittlesey; South Carolina and Georgia, Gen. R. Sexton; Florida, Col. T. W. Osborne; Alabama, Gen. W. Swayne; Louisiana, first the Rev. T. W. Conway, and then Gen. A. Baird; Texas, Gen. E. M. Gregory; Mississippi, Col. S. Thomas; Kentucky and Tennessee, Gen. C. B. Fisk, Missouri and Arkansas, Gen. J. W. Sprague. The bureau took under its charge the freedmen, the refugees, and the abandoned lands in the South, for the purpose of protecting the freedmen and the refugees in their rights, and returning the lands to their proper owners. In this work right and justice were vindicated. To make the opera
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Howard, Oliver Otis 1830- (search)
Howard, Oliver Otis 1830- Military officer; born in Leeds, Me., Nov. 8, 1830; graduated at Bowdoin College in 1850, and at West Point in 1854; entered the ordnance corps, and became instructor in mathematics at West Point in 1857. He took command of the 3d Maine Regiment in June, 1861, and commanded a brigade at the battle ofafterwards. In December, 1864, he was made a brigadier-general in the regular army, and was afterwards brevetted major-general. At the conclusion of the war General Howard was made commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau, and held the office until the bureau was closed, in June, 1872. Trustee and president of Howard University, hniversity, he resigned in April, 1873. In 1877 he commanded the expedition against the Oliver Otis Howard, during the Civil War. Nez Perces Indians; in 1878 the campaigns against the Bannocks and Piutes; in 1880-82 was superintendent of the Military Academy; in 1886 was promoted to major-general; and, Nov. 8, 1894, was retired.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jonesboro, battle of. (search)
ounded, and stores near the Chattahoochee, and Howard and the rest of the army moved for the West Porps was on the extreme left, and the armies of Howard, Thomas, and Schofield pressed forward so secrrom Atlanta. Thomas struck it at Couch's; and Howard, crossing the Flint River half a mile from Jon the morning of Aug. 31, between the forces of Howard and Hardee. Howard's army was disposed with BHoward's army was disposed with Blair's corps in the centre, and rude breastworks were cast up. The contest was renewed very soon, when Hardee attempted to crush Howard before he could receive reinforcements. He failed. The Nationadesperate strife for victory, which was won by Howard. Hardee recoiled, and in his hasty retreat lenesboro. His loss was estimated at 2,500 men. Howard's loss was about 500. Meanwhile Sherman had sent relief to Howard. Kilpatrick and Garrard were very active, and General Davis's corps soon touched Howard's left. At four o'clock in the afternoon Davis charged and carried the Confederate works
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