d their best personal efforts to hold the men to their work.
This accomplished, Beauregard took command on the field, while Johnston went to the rear to hurry up reenforcements from his army arriving from the Valley.
The Confederates had now been forced back a mile and a half, and the Union force had cleared its front completely across the Warrenton road; the Stone Bridge was uncovered, and McDowell drew up his line on the crest gained, with Heintzelman's division (brigades of Wilcox and Howard) on the right, supported by part of Porter's brigade and the cavalry under Palmer, and Franklin's brigade of Heintzelman's division; Sherman's brigade of Tyler's division in the centre; and Keyes' brigade of Tyler's division on the left.
Beauregard reformed his forces on the plateau beyond.
His line of battle consisted of about six thousand five hundred men, thirteen pieces of artillery, and two companies of Stuart's cavalry.
The definitive possession of this plateau now became the pri
rwards, a large body of cavalry, with some infantry, under command of General Stoneman, was sent along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad to determine the position of the enemy, and, if possible, force his rear across the Rappahannock; but the roads were in such condition that, finding it impossible to subsist his men, Stoneman was forced to return after reaching Cedar Run.
It was found that the enemy had destroyed all the bridges.
This expedition was followed by a strong reconnoissance of Howard's division of Sumner's corps to the Rappahannock, and, under cover of this mask, the main body of the Union army was moved back to the vicinity of Alexandria.
Johnston, who had retired behind the Rappahannock, finding on survey that the Rapidan afforded a better line, moved his army thither, and positioned it on that river.
I derive these facts touching the evacuation of Manassas from General Johnston himself.
The Confederate abandonment of Manassas necessitated several changes in th
capturing the opposing force, the bridges should be rapidly completed.
The Seventh Michigan Regiment and the Nineteenth and Twentieth Massachusetts regiments of Howard's division volunteered for this perilous enterprise.
Couch's Report of Fredericksburg.
Ten ponton-boats were lying on the brink of the river waiting to be d, and the army, assembled on the northern bank, spectators of this piece of heroism, paid the brave fellows the rich tribute of soldiers' cheers.
That evening Howard's division of Couch's corps crossed the river and occupied Fredericksburg, having a sharp skirmish in the upper streets of the town; and the next day, under coverThese were veteran regiments, says Hancock, led by able and tried commanders.—Report of Fredericksburg. To relieve Hancock's and French's hard-pressed battalions, Howard's division now came up, and Sturgis' and Getty's divisions of the Ninth Corps advanced on Couch's left, and made several attacks in support of the brave troops of
h under General Meade; the Sixth under General Sedgwick; the Eleventh under General Howard; and the Twelfth under General Slocum.
Generals Franklin and Sumner bothThe turning column was composed of three corps—the Fifth (Meade), the Eleventh (Howard), and the Twelfth (Slocum). Marching on the morning of Monday, April 27, this fSlocum's corps (Twelfth), and one division of Sickles' (Third), the centre; and Howard's (Eleventh) the right.
The other divisions were held in reserve.
As General nth Corps,
Williamson's brigade, of Slocum's corps, and Barlow's brigade, of Howard's corps.—Sickles' Evidence: Report on the Conduct of the War, second series, vo of the Union line was, as before stated, held by the Eleventh Corps, under General Howard;
Sigel's old corps; Howard had very recently taken command. and, while tHoward had very recently taken command. and, while the major part of this corps formed line of battle along the plankroad, and faced southward, the extreme right brigade
Gilsa's brigade of Devens' division. was refu
First Corps and the Eleventh Corps, under General Howard) was then en route from his place of bivourds one o'clock the Eleventh Corps came up—General Howard having arrived some time before and by virof his rank assumed command of the field.
General Howard left a division
Steinwehr's division. ie town.
In this disposition of his troops General Howard fell into an error that has been common thngle brigade of Steinwehr's division which General Howard, on arriving, had left in reserve on Cemetseemingly hopeless confusion—a confusion which Howard, an efficient officer, but of a rather negativ.
Cemetery Hill was already partially held by Howard's troops.
On the right of these, and occupyincame up, having been urgently summoned by General Howard during the afternoon.
The command, thereu) had early in the day been summoned up by General Howard.
Its van reached Gettysburg at sunset of s.
Hunt: Report of Artillery at Gettysburg. Howard's troops were considerably shaken by the assau[4 more...]<
153; estimate of casualties, 153.
Garnett, General, Confederate commander in West Virginia, 35.
Gettysburg campaign, the, 308; theory of the Confederate invasion, 308; Berryville captured by Rodes, 317; Blue Ridge, passes occupied by Longstreet, 318; concentration of the army upon, 324; Lee's army countermarches towards, 326; approach of the two armies towards, 326; topography of the field, 329; the first day—Buford engaged with Hill's van, 328; error of covering too much ground, 333; Howard, General, faulty dispositions at Get. tysburg, 333; the Union centre pierced by Rodes—the troops fall back through Gettysburg, 334; Gettysburg Ridge, the position at, 335; Hancock arrests flight of First and Eleventh corps, 335; Hancock's line of battle on Cemetery Hill and Ridge, 336; Meade and Lee order up their entire forces, 337; both armies concentrated on Gettysburg, 338; the first day's results considered, 341; the second day, 342; positions at commencement of the second day, 342; Sed