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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 24 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 15. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for S. Hughes or search for S. Hughes in all documents.

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find the variation of the compass. Al-pacA. (Fabric.) a. A cloth in which the wool of the alpaca (a species of the Hama, inhabiting Peru) is combined with wool, silk, or cotton. b. A soft dress-goods, an imitation of the former; having a cotton chain and woolen filling, plain color and highly finished surface. Al′pha-bet Tel′e-graph. An apparatus which marks symbols on paper by pressure, as Morse's; or by chemical action, as Bain's; or impresses type on paper, as House's or Hughes's; in contradistinction to one whose indications are observed by the fluctuating position of a needle or needles, as Cooke and Wheatstone's, or the bell-telegraph of Bright. See recording telegraph. Al-phon′sin. (Surgical.) A kind of bulletforceps. Named from Alphonsus Ferrier of Naples. Al′tar. 1. The low ridge which intervenes between the puddling-hearth and the stack. 2. One of the steps at the side of a graving-dock. The steps are from nine to sixteen inches in
keys arranged like those of a piano, and a receiving-apparatus, which included a scape-wheel, an anchor escapement, controlled by the movements of the lettered disk, and actuating a slide-valve which operated the piston of a compressed-air cylinder by which a wheel carrying type on its periphery was turned so as to present the appropriate letter indicated at the transmitting station to the paper slip which was by suitable mechanism drawn to the type-wheel to receive an impression. Professor Hughes has also invented a very ingenious printing-telegraph, depending upon the synchronous revolutions of two or more type-wheels at different stations. See printing-telegraph. Various forms of dials or pointer telegraphs have been devised by Breguet in France, Siemens and Halske and Kramer in Germany, and various improvements in the details of construction by numerous others which the limits of this article will not permit us even to refer to. See specific index under telegraph. E-
5665.1121.3 18265133.353.818424964.0127.9 Wolf's combined double-cylinder engine, cut off at onetenth stroke. United mines at Gwennap. 18275138.271.0 Wolf's and Grose's improvements.18433671.4114.4 The following table, compiled by S. Hughes, C. E., gives the duty of a number of pumping-engines in different large cities on each side of the Atlantic: — Duty of Condensing Pumping-Engines. Millions of lbs. raised 1 ft. high by 112 lbs. of coal. East London Water-Works, single-a the notes. The second plan was that of Branston, who punched the notes and cut the lines deeply in a plate and from this obtained a stereotype, from which he printed in the usual manner. The present plan of detached types was introduced by Hughes of London, about 1840. See pp. 310, 311, of Ringwalt's Encyclopedia of printing. Mu′sic-wire. a. A steel wire employed for instruments of wire. b. Wire drawn of various patterns and used in some kinds of music-printing. Mu′sic-writ′
cond an eccentric draws a shaft on which the paper strip is carried forward up against the typewheel, which, by means of an interposed endless coloring band, impresses the letter then presented upon the paper. See Shaffner's Telegraph manual. Hughes's telegraph, 1856, requires but a single current for each letter; the reception and transmission of messages simultaneously over the same wire and printing from the type-wheel while in motion are provided for by appropriate devices. The mostinto two classes: those on the step-by-step principle, and those in which the type-wheel is continuously rotated by an independent motor, the circuit of the printing-hammer being closed when the letter is opposite to the printing-pad. The House, Hughes, and Phelps machines belong to the latter class, and those of Vail, Bain, and others to be cited, to the former. The most recent types of step-by-step printing-telegraphs are:— a. Those having clock-work mechanism controlled by an electro-mag
with the engine, affording a more continuous record. A graduated arc and pointer are attached, to more conveniently show the pressure at the moment; and a hammer and bell or other device may also be connected to sound an alarm when the pressure exceeds a given amount. See steam-gage. Re-cord′ing-tel′e-graph. A telegraph provided with an apparatus which makes a record of the message transmitted, as the symbol telegraphs of Morse and Bain, and the type-printing telegraphs of House and Hughes, in contradistinction to the indicatortele-graph of Cooke and Wheatstone, which has a pointing needle or needles, and the audible one of Sir Charles Bright, which sounds upon bells, and the Morse as at present generally used, which is read by the sounds. See List under telegraph. Recti-fi-ca′tion. Redistillation or resublimation to free a substance from impurities or from water. Rec′ti-fier. 1. A second still for redistilling spirits, or a second chamber connected to the main
ct. 17, 1871. 123,673BrowneFeb. 13, 1872. 126,956HeckelMay 21, 1872. 127,244JunettMay 28, 1872. 128,833WheelerJuly 9, 1872. 130,072ReedJuly 30, 1872. 131,101HughesSept. 3, 1872. 131,151CochranSept. 10, 1872. 133,846GardnerDec. 10, 1872. 134,496BetterDec. 31, 1872. 134,756McLureJan. 14, 1873. 135,121JefferyJan. 21, 1873.e same parties in writing the History of electric telegraphs, leaving out the names of Henry, Draper, Morse, Farmer, and others. Of course they have not heard of Hughes, Phelps, Edison, Stearns, Little, Anders, Pope, and House. One such treatise (?) is before the writer, and its complacent appropriation of all the glory is amusi a plane. The blows of the hammer are delivered inside the concavity. See also patents: — 40,899, Bell, December 15, 1863 (angle-iron and bars). 30,322, Hughes, October 9, 1860 (hoop-iron). 111,941, Hunter, February 21, 1871 (bolts). 125,892, Hammer, April 23, 1872 (cylinders). 125,996, Walkin, April 23, 1872 (t
ope), or a lantern. h. Puffs of smoke, according to a code. i. A moving pointer acting by electric impulse (Wheatstone and Cooke's telegraph). j. An adjustable column of liquid (Percival's hydraulic telegraph). k. The printing (House, Hughes), dotting, and marking a traveling ribbon (Morse), chemical paper (Bain), and autographic (Caselli, Bonelli, telegraphs, which imprint or impress visible characters on paper. l. The electric telegraph, read by the passage of sparks to a conduc The electro-chemical telegraph of Bain and others belongs to this class. 4. The printing-telegraph, by which the letters are printed in ink upon a strip of paper, each from its appropriate key at the other end of the line. Such are those of Hughes, House, and others. 5. The autographic telegraph, which makes an exact facsimile of the message sent upon a prepared sheet of paper, as those of Caselli and Bonelli. This is a peculiar modification of the electro-chemical telegraph. 6. The