rs at the time.
They had just left the top of the knoll, and were standing in front of General Grant's tent talking to Mr. Washburne.
Staff-officers and couriers were soon seen galloping up to Meade's headquarters, and his chief of staff, General Humphreys, sent word that the attack was directed against our extreme right, and that a part of Sedgwick's line had been driven back in some confusion.
Generals Grant and Meade, accompanied by me and one or two other staff-officers, walked rapidly ot of his brigade had been captured; then that General Seymour and several hundred of his men had fallen into the hands of the enemy; afterward that our right had been turned, and Ferrero's division cut off and forced back upon the Rapidan.
General Humphreys, on receiving the first reports, had given prompt instructions with a view to strengthening the point of the line attacked.
General Grant now took the matter in hand with his accustomed vigor.
Darkness had set in, but the firing still con
Warren had been directed to make an attack before eight o'clock, in order to prevent the enemy from massing troops upon the center in an effort to retake the angle, but he was slow in carrying out the order.
Although the instructions were of the most positive and urgent character, he did not accomplish the work expected of him. A little before eleven o'clock General Grant became so anxious that he directed General Meade to relieve Warren if he did not attack promptly, and to put General Humphreys in command of his corps.
General Meade concurred in this course, and said that he would have relieved Warren without an order to that effect if there had been any further delay.
General Grant said to one or two of us who were near him: I feel sorry to be obliged to send such an order in regard to Warren.
He is an officer for whom I had conceived a very high regard.
His quickness of perception, personal gallantry, and soldierly bearing pleased me, and a few days ago I should have be
ion of the Army of the James; Parke and Wright holding our works in front of Petersburg; Ord extending to the intersection of Hatcher's Run and the Vaughan road; Humphreys stretching beyond Dabney's Mill; Warren on the extreme left, reaching as far as the junction of the Vaughan road and the Boydton plank-road; and Sheridan still General Grant directed me to go to the spot and look to the situation of affairs there.
I found that Warren's troops were falling back, but he was reinforced by Humphreys, and by noon the enemy was checked.
As soon as Grant was advised of the situation he directed Meade to take the offensive vigorously, and the enemy was soon driwith decided success.
When this movement had been decided upon, General Grant directed me to go to Sheridan and explain what was taking place on Warren's and Humphreys's front, and have a full understanding with him as to future operations in his vicinity.
I rode rapidly down the Boydton plank-road, and soon came to Gravelly
ifth Corps, and Miles's division of the Second Corps, which was sent to him since one this morning, is now sweeping down from the west.
All now looks highly favorable.
Ord is engaged, but I have not yet heard the result in his front.
A cheering despatch was also sent to Sheridan, winding up with the words: I think nothing is now wanting but the approach of your force from the west to finish up the job on this side.
Soon Ord was heard from as having broken through the intrenchments.
Humphreys, too, had been doing gallant work.
At half-past 7 the line in his front was captured, and half an hour later Hays's division of his corps had carried an important earthwork, with three guns and most of the garrison.
At 8:30 A. M. a despatch was brought in from Ord saying that some of his troops had just captured the enemy's works south of Hatcher's Run.
The general and staff now rode out to the front, as it was necessary to give immediate direction to the actual movements of the troo
ced march, and strike the enemy wherever it could reach him. I spent a portion of the day with Humphreys's corps, which attacked the enemy near Deatonsville and gave his rear-guard no rest.
I joined Rosser's cavalry divisions, under Fitzhugh Lee) having made a bold stand north of the river.
Humphreys was also on the north side, isolated from the rest of our infantry, confronted by a large port
This he intrusted to General Seth Williams, adjutant-general, with directions to take it to Humphreys's front, as his corps was close up to the enemy's rear-guard, and see that it reached Lee. Wile leaving Farmville, the following reply was given to General Seth Williams, who again went to Humphreys's front to have it transmitted to Lee:
April 8, 1865. General R. E. Lee, Commanding C. S. A.:catch what sleep they could.
About midnight we were aroused by Colonel Charles A. Whittier of Humphreys's staff, who brought the expected letter from Lee. Rawlins took it, and stepped across the ha
incinnati, and started from Curdsville toward New Store.
From this point he went by way of a cross-road to the south side of the Appomattox, with the intention of moving around to Sheridan's front.
While riding along the wagon-road which runs from Farmville to Appomattox Court-house, at a point eight or nine miles east of the latter place, Lieutenant Charles E. Pease of Meade's staff overtook him with a despatch.
It was found to be a reply from Lee, which had been sent into our lines on Humphreys's front.
It read as follows:
April 9, 1865. General:
I received your note of this morning on the picket-line, whither I had come to meet you and ascertain definitely what terms were embraced in your proposal of yesterday with reference to the surrender of this army.
I now request an interview, in accordance with the offer contained in your letter of yesterday, for that purpose.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, R. E. Lee, General. Lieutenant-General U. S. Grant, Command
eeth, and made a dash past the troops, rushing by the reviewing officers like a tornado; but he found more than a match in Custer, and was soon checked, and forced back to his proper position.
When the cavalryman, covered with flowers, afterward rode by the reviewing officials, the people screamed with delight.
After the cavalry came Parke, who might well feel proud of the prowess of the Ninth Corps, which followed him; then Griffin, riding at the head of the gallant Fifth Corps; then Humphreys and the Second Corps, of unexcelled valor.
Wright's Sixth Corps was greatly missed from the list, but its duties kept it in Virginia, and it was accorded a special review on June 8.
The men preserved their alinement and distances with an ease which showed their years of training in the field.
Their movements were unfettered, their step was elastic, and the swaying of their bodies and the swinging of their arms were as measured as the vibrations of a pendulum.
Their muskets shone li