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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 4.14 (search)
th, and where a large area of ground might be thoroughly inclosed by means of a single intrenched line, and that a very short one in comparison with the extent of territory which it thoroughly protected. His right was protected by the James River, his left by the Appomattox, and his rear by their junction — the two streams uniting near by. The bend of the two streams shortened the line that had been chosen for intrenchment, while it increased the area which the line inclosed. Major-General A. A. Humphreys, chief-of-staff, Army of the Potomac. From a photograph. Previous to ordering any troops from Butler I sent my chief engineer, General Barnard, from the Army of the Potomac to that of the James, to inspect Butler's position and ascertain whether I could again safely make an order for General Butler's movement in cooperation with mine, now that I was getting so near Richmond; or, if I could not, whether his position was strong enough to justify me in withdrawing some of his tr
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., From the Wilderness to Cold Harbor. (search)
and lapping the right of Sedgwick's corps [the Sixth] made a sudden and determined attack upon it. In this movement General Early was in command, and all of his division shared in the attack except Johnston's brigade, which was to the west of Flat Run. The Confederate brigades confronting Sedgwick on the east of the run were Gordon's, Pegram's, and Hays's. Gordon, on the left, began the movement against Sedgwick's right, and Hays and Pegram followed up the attack. According to General A. A. Humphreys ( The Virginia campaign of 1864 and 1865. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons), General Early drew back his brigades and formed a new line in front of his old. During the night an entirely new line was taken up by the Sixth Corps, its front and right thrown back — a change which the right of the Fifth Corps conformed to.--editors. Taken by surprise, the Federals were driven from a large portion of their works with the loss of six hundred prisoners,--among them Generals Seymour and Sh
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Through the Wilderness. (search)
000, and the artillery about 4800. Lee's total strength, as estimated by General Humphreys, was 61,953 men, and the number of field-guns 224. General Grant's agg2 P. M. of May 5th in passing over Culpeper Mine Ford and Germanna Ford. General Humphreys, who was Meade's chief-of-staff at the time, states that the halt of the ne of battle, facing nearly south between Tapp's house and the Brock road. Humphreys, to show how bewildering was the dense forest growth, says, Many men from botill the gap between Warren and Hancock and join in the general attack. General Humphreys remarks in his account as follows: For, so far as could be ascertained, tt. To add to the horrors of war, we had the woods on fire all around us, and Humphreys estimates that about two hundred of our men were burned to death. The best pd, about one mile south-east of Todd's tavern.--A. S. W. At 11 A. M.,says General Humphreys, Hancock sent his leading brigade under Miles to make a reconnoissance do
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The Eighteenth Corps at Cold Harbor. (search)
so heavy a fire that they fell back under View of Union breastworks on the Cold Harbor line, June 1. from a sketch made at the time. cover, and held the line of the captured rifle-pits. The advance of the line and the necessity for holding the roads on the right had increased the length of our front so that the greater part of it was held by one line of battle, and the two divisions which had been engaged had nearly exhausted their ammunition. At 10:30 P. M. I addressed a note to General Humphreys, chief-of-staff of the Army of the Potomac, in which I wrote: I have had the honor to report my necessities and requirements for ammunition, and, having now given the present condition of my situation, must leave it for the commanding general to determine how long I can hold this line if vigorously attacked. About 12:30 A. M. of the 2d I received the following order: 10:05 P. M., June 1st. You will make your dispositions to attack to-morrow morning on General Wright's
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Sheridan's Trevilian raid. (search)
this time. When it was suggested that the prisoners be paroled on the spot, Sheridan replied, In that case it might be hard to convince people that we have captured any. In order to keep them up with the column, a portion of the command was from time to time dismounted, and the prisoners permitted to ride, so that they came in as fresh as their captors. A large number of negro refugees attached themselves to the column and added to the difficulties of the subsistence department. General Humphreys, an able and, in this case, impartial critic, says (after quoting the reports of Sheridan and Hampton): It is apparent from these accounts that General Hampton was defeated and driven several miles from the position he had determined to hold against Sheridan's further advance. The conclusion of Sheridan, on the night of the 12th, was evidently sound; the movement of Hunter had rendered it impracticable to carry out his orders in the presence of Hampton. On the 18th of June She
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Operations South of the James River. (search)
e City Point road, while the cavalry made a detour to the Jerusalem plank-road, where the enemy's line was believed to be weak. It was agreed that if the cavalry carried this line, General Gillmore was to assault the line in his front. The distance the cavalry had to march took up more time than was anticipated, and the line was not carried until just before noon of the 9th, and General Gillmore, having exhausted his patience, was far on his way back to City Point at that time. General A. A. Humphreys, in The Virginia campaign of 1864 and 1865, page 197, says that General Kautz attacked the intrenchments at half-past 11 and that at half-past 1 General Gillmore, receiving no communication from General Kautz during the day, withdrew from the front of the intrenchments and began his return march to City Point at 3 o'clock.--editors. The line, where the Jerusalem road entered it, was held by about two hundred Second Class militia, and was easily carried, and had the infantry been at
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., General Grant on the siege of Petersburg. (search)
forces to cover the crossings of the Chickahominy. On the 24th of March . . . instructions for a general movement [on March 29th] of the armies operating against Richmond were issued. . . . Early on the morning of the 25th the enemy assaulted our lines in front of the Ninth Corps (which held from the Appomattox River toward our left) and carried Fort Stedman and a part of the line to the right and left of it, established themselves and turned the guns of the fort against us; General A. A. Humphreys, in his history, The Virginia campaign of 1864 and 1865, gives the following account of the object of the Confederate movement: General Lee proposed . . . to make a sortie in order to gain some of the works on the right of the line held by the Army of the Potomac, near the Appomattox River, and the ridge in their rear. . . . General Gordon was selected for the service, and his corps was brought to the intrenchments nearest Petersburg, with its left on the Appomattox. The point
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 11.88 (search)
rt was named after Colonel Griffin A. Stedman, Jr., of the 11th Connecticut, who was mortally wounded in front of Petersburg on August 5, 1864. sound be heard, owing to the direction of the wind, but the white puffs indicated musketry-firing, and, being in the rear of our lines, disclosed unmistakably an attack in force, and not a feint. It was a skirmish line followed by an assaulting column of a line of battle General Parke, in his report, calls these the enemy's skirmishers; General A. A. Humphreys, in The Virginia campaign of 1864-65, says: Those whom General Parke calls skirmishers were probably the three detachments of Gordon's troops sent to capture the rear forts. General Gordon has since told me that he never heard from these detachments; not one of them returned to report. They must have been the ones who cut the telegraph lines to City Point, and I must have ridden on my way to General Willcox's headquarters, between them and the enemy in the forts. What the 200th a
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The opposing forces at Petersburg and Richmond: December 31st, 1864. (search)
h Mass., Capt. Joseph W. B. Wright; 2d Me., Capt. Albert F. Thomas; 3d Me., Capt. Ezekiel R. Mayo; F, 15th N. Y. Heavy, Capt. Calvin Shaffer; H, 1st R. I., Capt. Crawford Allen, Jr.; 3d Vt., Capt. Romeo H. Start. Second Army Corps, Maj.-Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys. first division, Brig.-Gen. Nelson A. Miles. First Brigade, Col. George N. Macy: 26th Mich., Maj. Nathan Church; 5th N. H., Lieut.-Col. Welcome A. Crafts; 2d N. Y. Heavy Art'y, Lieut.-Col. George Hogg; 61st N. Y., Col. George W. Sco Maj. J. H. Skelton; 18th Ga., Col. Joseph Armstrong; 24th Ga., Col. C. C. Sanders; 3d Ga. Batt'n Sharp-shooters, Lieut.-Col. N. L. Hutchins, Jr.; Cobb's Ga. Legion, Lieut.-Col. Luther J. Glenn; Phillips Ga. Legion, Lieut.-Col. Joseph Hamilton. Humphreys's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. B. G. Humphreys: 13th Miss., Lieut.-Col. A. G. O'Brien; 17th Miss., Capt. J. C. Cochran; 18th Miss., Lieut.-Col. William H. Luse; 21st Miss., Col. D. N. Moody. Bryan's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Goode Bryan: 10th Ga., Col. Willis
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Five Forks and the pursuit of Lee. (search)
ending to the intersection of Hatcher's Run and the Vaughan road, Humphreys stretching beyond Dabney's Mill, Warren on the extreme left reachd both he and Crawford were falling back upon Griffin. Miles, of Humphreys's corps, was sent to reenforce Warren, and by noon the enemy was to Sheridan and explain what was taking place in Warren's and in Humphreys's front, and have a full understanding with him as to further opeoon Ord was heard from, having broken through the intrenchments. Humphreys, too, had been doing gallant work; at half-past 7 the line in hise wagon-train was escorted by Gary's cavalry with five guns. General Humphreys, in The Virginia campaign, says it is believed that the paperwherever it could reach him. I spent a portion of the day with Humphreys's corps, which attacked the enemy near Deatonville and gave his rmattox at High Bridge and fired the bridge after his passage, but Humphreys arrived in time to extinguish the fire before it had made much pr
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