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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burke, Edmund, 1730-1797 (search)
among antiquarians. But we have all the reason in the world to be assured that a form of parliament, such as England then enjoyed, she instantly communicated to Ireland; and we are equally sure that almost every successive improvement in constitutional liberty, as fast as it was made here, was transmitted thither. The feudal bare advanced an inch before your privileges. Sir John Davis shows beyond a doubt that the refusal of a general communication of these rights was the true cause why Ireland was 500 years in subduing; and after the vain projects of a military government, attempted in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, it was soon discovered, that nothing cvility and allegiance, but your laws and your forms of legislature. It is not English arms, but the English constitution, that conquered Ireland. From that time Ireland had ever had a general parliament, as she had before a partial parliament. You changed the people; you altered the religion; but you never touched the form of th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Indian problem, the (search)
pardonable, in the nation at large, rather than to any deliberate policy of injustice adopted by the nation. Bad as has been our treatment of the Indians, it is luminous by the side of Russia's treatment of the Jews, Turkey's treatment of the Armenians, Spain's treatment of the Moors, and, if we include the war of Cromwell against the Irish, the English legislation against Irish industry, Irish education, and the Church of Ireland's choice, it compares favorably with England's treatment of Ireland. When thirteen States—a fringe of civilization on the eastern edge of an unknown wilderness—constituted the American Republic, there was no prophet to foresee the time when the republic would stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from the Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, and would include 70,000,000 people. If there were any such prophet he was as a voice crying in the wilderness; no one heard or heeded. The politician is almost invariably an opportunist, perhaps necessarily so, sin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ireland. (search)
antage of this expressed loyalty, Lord North obtained leave to send 4,000 able-bodied men to America as a part of the British army. The strongest and best of the Irish army were selected, and eight regiments were shipped for America. This left Ireland almost defenceless. Its Parliament offered to organize a national militia, which Lord North refused to accept, and, instead of a militia, organized and controlled by the British government, selfformed bands of volunteers sprang up all over Irelout the little kingdom an inextinguishable sentiment of nationality was aroused. Alarmed by the threatening attitude, the British Parliament, in 1781, conceded to the dependent kingdom its claims to commercial equality. The volunteer army of Ireland, commanded by officers of their own choice, amounted to about 50,000 at the close of the war with America (1782). They were united under one general-in-chief. Feeling strong in the right and in its material and moral vitality at the moment, an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ireland, John 1838- (search)
Ireland, John 1838- Clergyman; born in Burnchurch, County Kilkenny, Ireland, Sept. 11, 1838. When nine years old he came to the United as since been established under the name of the Catholic Archbishop John Ireland. University of America. In 1891 a memorable controversy ahool board. The transfer and the conditions were approved by Archbishop Ireland, and the experiment became known as the Faribault plan. The untry, who disapproved of the scheme, complained at Rome that Archbishop Ireland was disregarding the ecclesiastical law as expressed by the pgan, of New York, was one of the leaders of this opposition. Archbishop Ireland was summoned to Rome, and after a long examination of the plaveiled in Paris and formally presented to the French people. Archbishop Ireland was selected to deliver the oration on the occasion, and on bof mankind. Very sincerely yours. William McKinley. Most Rev. John Ireland, Archbishop of St. Paul, St. Paul, Minn. The following is
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McGill, Thomas D'arcy 1825- (search)
McGill, Thomas D'arcy 1825- Legislator; born in Carlingford, Ireland, April 13, 1825; came to the United States in 1842; appointed on the staff of the Pilot in Boston, but soon returned to Ireland, where he made himself conspicuous by his advocacy of the policy proposed by the Young Ireland party. Suspected by the British government of treason, he escaped to the United States, settling in New York, where he founded The American Celt and The nation. He removed to Canada in 1856, founded The New era, and was elected to the Canadian Parliament in 1857. His political views had changed, and he parted company with his old associates. He was active in promoting the union of the British colonies in North America, and was elected a member of the first Parliament of the Dominion. On April 7, 1868, he was assassinated on the public street.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morrill, Justin Smith 1810- (search)
eft to its own course, and that nothing should be done by any people through legislation to change or to elevate and increase their industrial power, is the fetich of British free-traders. As well might all social virtues be left unprotected and without legislation. As well leave all individuals without the help of education as to leave the nation without such help. It is nothing less than the old fallacy, Shoot without taking aim, and you will be sure to hit the mark. Can any friend of Ireland, for instance, after years of close contact with a great free-trade kingdom, and with two-thirds of its productive area abandoned to permanent pasture, believe that the free-trade policy has been best for Ireland? The sublime virtue of having no prejudices in favor of their own country does not seem to have taken root in that part of the United Kingdom. Mr. Gladstone claims that other nations, and above all others the United States, have derived immense benefits through British free-t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Roman Catholic Church. (search)
tes comes an increase of warlike perils, not only from commercial rivalry, but from that root of ambition and domination which grows in every heart, unless checked and subdued in time, and which in the past has been too often the source of violent injustice on the greatest scale. Apostolic delegation to the United States.—Sebastian Martinelli, Archbishop of Ephesus, Papal Delegate, Washington, D. C. Archbishops.—Baltimore, Md., James Gibbons, Cardinal, consecrated 1868; Boston, Mass., John J. Williams, 1866; Chicago, Ill., Patrick A. Feehan, 1865; Cincinnati, O., William H. Elder, 1857; Dubuque, Ia., John J. Keane, 1878: Milwaukee, Wis., Frederick Katzer, 1886; New Orleans, La., P. L. Chapelle, 1897; New York, N. Y., M. A. Corrigan, 1873; Portland, Ore., Alexander Christie, 1898; Philadelphia, Pa., Patrick J. Ryan, 1872; St. Louis, Mo., John J. Kain, 1875; St. Paul, Minn., John Ireland, 1875; San Francisco, Cal., Patrick W. Reardon, 1883; Santa Fe, New Mexico, Peter Bourgade, 18
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Texas, (search)
s—Continued. H. R. Runnelsassumes officeDec., 1857 Samuel Houstonassumes officeDec., 1859 Edward Clarkassumes officeMarch 20, 1861 F. R. Lubbockassumes officeDec., 1861 P. Hurrahassumes officeDec., 1863 A. J. Hamiltonassumes officeJuly 21, 1865 J. W. Throckmortonassumes officeAug. 13, 1866 E. M. Peaseassumes officeJuly 30, 1867 E. J. Davisassumes officeJan., 1870 Richard Cokeassumes officeJan., 1874 R. B. Hubbardassumes officeJan., 1877 Oran M. Robertsassumes officeJan., 1879 John Irelandassumes officeJan., 1883 Lawrence S. Rossassumes officeJan., 1887 James S. Hoggassumes officeJan., 1891 James S. Hoggassumes officeJan., 1893 Charles A. Culbersonassumes officeJan., 1895 Charles A. Culbersonassumes officeJan., 1897 Joseph D. Sayersassumes officeJan., 1899 Joseph D. Sayersassumes officeJan., 1901 United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress.Term. Samuel Houston29th to 36th1846 to 1859 Thomas J. Rusk29th to 35th1846 to 1857 J. Pinckney Henderson35th1858 Matth
rome B. Robertson, Wm. Scurry, Joseph L. Hogg, brigadier-generals; James. H. Rogers and John Henry Brown, adjutant-generals; Colonels A. T. Rainey, John S. Ford, Wm. P. Rogers, P. N. Luckett, Thos. S. Lubbock, B. F. Terry, A. M. Hobby, E. B. Nichols, J. J. Diamond, Oran M. Roberts, Geo. Flournoy, W. B. Ochiltree, Eli H. Baxter, Isham Chisum, Thos. A. Anderson, M. F. Locke, Robert S. Gould, Tignal W. Jones; Lieutenant-Colonels A. H. Davidson, Thos. C. Frost, A. G. Clopton, Philip A. Work, John Ireland, A. J. Nicholson, Wm. W. Diamond, Jas. E. Shepard, P. T. Herbert, John C. Robertson, C. A. Abercrombie, Wm. H. Johnson, Wm. M. Neyland; Majors Geo. W. Chilton, C. M. Leseuer, J. W. Throckmorton; Captains Richard Coke, Amazi Bradshaw, Wm. Clark, Drury Fields, Robert Graham, J. W. Hutchinson, Lewis W. Moore, W. R. Peck, C. M. Pendergast, Wilkins Hunt, Jas. M. Harrison, Gilchrist McKay, Sam A. Wilson; Lieutenants Richard L. Askew, J. E. Cook, John R. Hays and A. P. Shuford. Among the mem
Texas mostly, and some of them were ordered to different points where their services were needed, so that but few of them, except the artillery, were permanently located during the war. They were as follows: Twenty-first infantry, A. W. Spaight, colonel; W. H. Griffin, lieutenant-colonel; T. C. Reynolds, major. Twentieth infantry, Henry M. Elmore, colonel; L. A. Abercrombie, lieutenant-colonel; R. E. Bell, major. Eighth infantry, A. M. Hobby, colonel; Daniel Shea, lieutenant-colonel; John Ireland, major. Thirty-fifth cavalry regiment, R. R. Brown, colonel; S. W. Perkins, lieutenant-colonel; L. C. Rountree, major. Twenty-third cavalry regiment, N. C. Gould, colonel; J. A. Grant, lieutenant-colonel; J. A. Corley, major. Thirtieth cavalry regiment, E. J. Gurley, colonel; N. W. Battle, lieutenant-colonel; J. H. Davenport, major. T. C. Anderson's cavalry regiment, formed from J. P. Border's and Fulcrod's battalions. Mann's cavalry regiment, W. L. Mann, colonel; W. F. Upton, lieute
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