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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jefferson, Joseph 1829- (search)
Jefferson, Joseph 1829- Actor; born in Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 20, 1829; is descended from several generations of actors; made his first appearance on the stage when three years old; played in the old Spanish theatre in Matamoras, Mexico, two df the day, and in various parts of the world, he will be remembered longest for his presentations of that character. Mr. Jefferson has also distinguished himself as an orator and a painter. For many years his chief diversions were fishing and painin the national capital. He published an autobiography in 1890. As the representative of the dramatic profession, Mr. Jefferson was invited by the faculty of Yale University to deliver a lecture on Dramatic art, which was given on April 27, 1892sted that the actors should give them an exhibition of the licentious times rather than the splendid lessons of Shakespeare. As the social world improved in its tastes the drama followed it—nay, in some instances has led it. Jefferson, Thoma
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Keene, Laura 1820- (search)
name, Mary Moss; made her first appearance on the stage in London, in 1845; was married to Henry W. Taylor in 1847, and to John Lutz in 1857. She won her greatest successes in light comedy. She first appeared in the United States at Wallack's Theatre, New York, in 1852, where she subsequently took the management of the Varieties Theatre, and later opened a theatre under her name, which she managed till 1863. At this house, in 1858, she first brought out Our American cousin, in which Joseph Jefferson took the part of Asa Trenchard and Edward A. Sothern that of Lord Dundreary, then a minor character, which Mr. Sothern afterwards made the principal one in a new version of the play. In 1860 she brought out The seven sisters, which ran for 169 nights. It was while her company was playing Our American cousin, at Ford's Theatre, Washington, on April 14, 1865, that President Lincoln was fatally shot. She remained on the stage till within two years of her death, in Montclair, N. J., Nov
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kentucky resolutions, the (search)
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky petitioned Congress to repeal these laws. Of these, Kentucky felt the most aggrieved, and on Nov. 8, 1798, John Breckinridge introduced the Kentucky resolutions, which were substantially drafted by Jefferson. These were adopted by the Lower House on Nov. 10, by the Upper House on Nov. 13, and approved by the governor on Nov. 16. Copies were immediately printed and sent to the officials of all the other States and to Congress. The following is thable right to judge of the infraction; and, that a nullification of those sovereignties of all unauthorized acts done under color of that instrument is the rightful remedy. Remonstrances at once poured in on Congress from every quarter, but the Federalists were so strong that they refused to repeal the acts. The Federal party was at the height of its power, but in a few months internal dissension split the party, and as a result the Republicans under Jefferson soon obtained the upper hand.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Winter, William 1836- (search)
Winter, William 1836- Author; born in Gloucester, Mass., July 15, 1836; graduated at Harvard Law School and admitted to the bar in 1857. He contributed to papers and magazines for more than forty years; has been dramatic critic of the New York Tribune since 1865; and wrote Life and art of Edwin Booth; Life and art of Joseph Jefferson, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Winthrop, Robert Charles 1809-1894 (search)
or at home. But the well-known paragraph on this subject in the original draught of the declaration is quite too notable a reminiscence of the little desk before me to be forgotten on such an occasion as this. That omitted clause—which, as Mr. Jefferson tells us, was struck out in compliance to South Carolina and Georgia, not without tenderness, too, as he adds, to some Northern brethren, who, though they had very few slaves themselves, had been pretty considerable carriers of them to othersI could hope, without presumption, that any humble counsels of mind, on this hallowed anniversary, could be remembered beyond the hour of their utterance, and reach the ears of my countrymen in future days; if I could borrow the masterly pen of Jefferson, and produce words which should partake of the immortality of those which he wrote on this little desk; if I could command the matchless tongue of John Adams, when he poured out appeals and arguments which moved men from their seats, and settle
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wirt, William 1772-1834 (search)
, and gave him a literary reputation. Published in collected form, they have passed through many editions. The next year he published a series of essays in the Richmond Enquirer entitled The rainbow. Wirt settled in Richmond in 1806, and became distinguished the following year as one of the foremost lawyers in the country in the trial of Aaron Burr for treason. In the same year he was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates, and was a prominent advocate of the chief measures of President Jefferson's administration. His chief literary production—Life of Patrick Henry—was first published in 1817, at which time he was United States attorney for the district of Virginia. The same year President Monroe appointed him (Dec. 15) Attorney-General of the United States, which office he held continually until 1829, when he removed to Baltimore. In 1832 he was the candidate of the Anti-Masonic party (q. v.) for the Presidency of the United States. He died in Washington, D. C., Feb. 18,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wood, John 1775-1822 (search)
ditor of the Western world in Kentucky in 1816; and had charge of The Atlantic world, Washington, D. C.; removed to Richmond, Va., where he was employed in making county maps. He wrote History of the administration of John Adams; Full statement of the trial and acquittal of Aaron Burr; Full Exposition of the Clintonian faction, and the Society of the Columbian Illuminati; Narrative of the suppression, by Colonel Burr, of the history of the administration of John Adams, with a biography of Jefferson and Hamilton. etc. He died in Richmond, Va., in May. 1822. Pioneer; born in Moravia, N. Y., Dec. 20, 1798; moved to Illinois in 1819, and three years later erected the first cabin in the present city of Quincy; was prominent for sixty years in the affairs of that place; member of the State Senate in 1850-54; elected governor of Illinois in 1859. He was made colonel of the 137th Illinois Volunteers in 1864, and prior to that date was quartermastergeneral of his State for three years.
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 6: Franklin (search)
d, he becomes in Philadelphia almost as good a Queen Anne's man as Swift or Defoe. His scientific investigations bring him into correspondence with fellow-workers in England, France, Germany, Italy, Holland, and Spain. Entering upon public life, he is forced into co-operation or conflict with the leading politicians, diplomats, and statesmen of Europe. In his native land he has known men like Cotton Mather, Whitefield, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin West, Ezra Stiles, Noah Webster, Jay, Adams, Jefferson, and Washington. In England, where his affections strike such deep root that he considers establishing there his permanent abode, he is in relationship, more or less intimate, with Mandeville, Paine, Priestley, Price, Adam Smith, Robertson, Hume, Joseph Banks, Bishop Watson, Bishop Shipley, Lord Kames, Lord Shelburne, Lord Howe, Burke, and Chatham. Among Frenchmen he numbers on his list of admiring friends Vergennes, Lafayette, Mirabeau, Turgot, Quesnay, La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Condo
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 8: American political writing, 1760-1789 (search)
d previously advanced. John Adams, with the exception of Jefferson . . . the most readable of the statesmen of the RevolutioSelect Charters, 374-381. the joint work of Dickinson and Jefferson, and one of the greatest of the state papers of the Revolnd of the month, however, in an elaborate report drawn by Jefferson, Lord North's offer of conciliation was emphatically, almwriting of the Declaration of Independence (4 July, 1776) Jefferson had had some preparation, in a way, through two publicatig up arms. The real preparation, however, lay, not in Jefferson's training or skill as a writer, nor in the possession bye findings set forth by accomplished writers, long before Jefferson was called upon to say the final word. Of all the criticnger in the memory, and to bear endless repetition. That Jefferson met this need with consummate success, working into one b the case of the Revolution, did much to prepare the way. Jefferson and John Adams were absent from the country on diplomatic
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 9: the beginnings of verse, 1610-1808 (search)
actors, an invention of which Fessenden was the agent. Its 1800 lines of Hudibrastic verse, full of references to contemporary persons and scientific matters, form a fair example of a not very admirable type of satire. Fessenden again displays his mental alertness and his indebtedness to Peter Pindar in Democracy Unveiled, or tyranny stripped of the Garb of patriotism. This surprising production, in which he reaches the nadir of indecent personalities, attacks Jacobinism, democracy, and Jefferson in particular, with a virulence that disregards both good sense and good taste. The political mock-epic appears in the anonymous Aristocracy (1795), which ridicules the alleged aristocratic notions of the federalists. Also political in a sense is The group (1795), by William Cliffton, a satire on the men who hid from danger during the Revolution but who now claim the reward of patriots. Though its series of portraits in the mock-heroic style of Pope is not without vigour, it is less o
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