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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
, Benjamin, Judah Philip 1811- 1884 (search)
Benjamin, Judah Philip, 1811-1884 Lawyer; was born in St. Croix, West Indies, Aug. 11, Judah Philip Henjamin. 1811; was of Jewish parentage, and in 1816 his family settled in Savannah, Ga. Judah entered Yale College, but left it, in 1827, without graduating, and became a lawyer in New Orleans. He taught school for a while, married one of his pupils, and became a leader of his profession in Louisiana. From 1853 to 1861 he was United States Senator. He was regarded for several years as leader of the Southern wing of the Democratic party; and, when the question of secession divided the people, he withdrew from the Senate, and, with his coadjutor, John Slidell, he promoted the great insurrection. He became Attorney-General of the Southern Confederacy, acting Secretary of War, and Secretary of State. After the war he went to London, where he practised his profession with success. He died in Paris, May 8, 1884.
Jews. The Jewish citizenship of the United States is one of the most substantial of all foreign constituents of our complex population. The Jews are an exceedingly law-abiding people, and in their charities are unsurpassed by any race among us
f the anti-Semite majority.
In Germany and France the conditions were still more favorable.
Turning to the subject of Jewish colonization, President Levy said that the movement to colonize Jews in Palestine had been stemmed by the interference of the Turkish government.
Jewish colonies had been established in Cyprus, and the De Hirsch colonies in Argentine were showing unmistakable signs of progress.
Of the New Jersey colonies, the one at Woodbine, under the fostering care of the American them at 400,000, and in 1897 David Sulzberger estimated the total at 937,800.
The following figures are then given:
Jewish immigration into the United States, 1885-99.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parliament of religions, (search)
Parliament of religions, Held at the World's Fair in Chicago, Sept. 11-27, 1893. The objects proposed were: (1) To bring together in conference the leading representatives of different religions; (2) to define and expound the important truths they hold and teach in common; (3) to promote and deepen human brotherhood; (4) to strengthen the foundations of theism and the faith in immortality; (5) to hear from scholars, Brahman, Buddhist, Confucian, Parsee, Mohammedan, Jewish, and other faiths, and from all sects and denominations of the Christian Church, accounts of the influence of each belief on literature, art, science, commerce, government, social life, etc.; (6) to record the present condition and outlook of the various religions of the world.