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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fort Donelson, (search)
ait for the return of Foote and the arrival of reinforcements. But he was not allowed to wait. On the night of the 14th the Confederate leaders held a council of war and it was concluded to make a sortie early the next morning, to rout or destroy the invading forces, or to cut through them and escape to the open country in the direction of Nashville. This was attempted at five o'clock (Feb. 15). The troops engaged in it were about 10,000 in number, commanded by Generals Pillow and Bushrod R. Johnson. They advanced from Dover—Mississippians, Tennesseeans, and Virginians—accompanied by Forrest's cavalry. The main body was directed to attack McClernand's division, who occupied the heights that reached to the river. Buckner was directed to strike Wallace's division, in the centre, at the same time, so that it might not be in a condition to help McClernand. These movements were not suspected by the Nationals, and so quick and vigorous was Pillow's attack that Grant's right wing was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, Bushrod Rust 1817-1880 (search)
Johnson, Bushrod Rust 1817-1880 Military officer; born in Belmont county, O., Sept. 6, 1817; graduated at West Point in 1840; he served in the Florida and Mexican wars; and was Professor of Mathematics in military academies in Kentucky and Tennessee. He joined the Confederate army in 1861; was made a brigadier-general early in 1862; was captured at Fort Donelson, but soon afterwards escaped; was wounded in the battle of Shiloh; and was made major-general in 1864. He was in command of a division in Lee's army at the time of the surrender at Appomattox Court-house, and after the war was chancellor of the University of Nashville. He died in Brighton, Ill., Sept. 11, 1880.