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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 7, 4th edition. 14 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 8 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brant, Joseph, (search)
Brant, Joseph, (Thay-en-da-ne-gen). Mohawk chief; born on the banks of the Ohio River in 1742. In 1761 Sir William Johnson sent him to Dr. Wheelock's school at Hanover. N. H., where he translated portions of the New Testament into the Mohawk language. Brant engaged in the war against Pontiae in 1763, and at Joseph Brant. the beginning of the war for independence was secretary to Guy Johnson, the Indian Superintendent. In the spring of 1776 he was in England; and to the ministry he expressed his willingness, and that of his people, to join in the chastisement of the rebellious colonists. It was an unfavorable time for him to make such an The Brant mausoleum. offer with an expectation of securing very favorable arrangements for his people, for the minstry were elated with the news of the disasters to the rebels at Quebee. Besides, they had completed the bargain for a host of German mercenaries, a part of whom were then on their way to America to crush the rebellion. They
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Butler, Benjamin Franklin, 1818-1893 (search)
eeded by Gen. N. P. Banks (q. v.). in command of the Department of the Gulf. Late in 1863, he was placed in command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, and his force was designated the Army of the James. After an unsuccessful expedition against Fort Fisher, in December, 1864, General Butler retired to his residence in Massachusetts. He was elected to Congress in 1866, and was one of the principal managers of the House of Representatives in conducting the impeachment of President Johnson. He was a Republican Congressman until 1875, and again in 1877-79. In 1883 he was Democratic governor of Massachusetts, and in 1884 the People's party candidate for President. He died in Washington, D. C., Jan. 11, 1893. Farewell address in New Orleans. As before stated, General Butler was superseded by General Banks in December, 1862. The latter assumed command of the army and department of the Gulf on the 16th, and the same day, after having formally relinquished the comma
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, Guy 1740-1788 (search)
Johnson, Guy 1740-1788 Military officer; born in Ireland in 1740; married a daughter of Sir William Johnson (q. v.), and in 1774 succeeded him as Indian agent. He served against the French from 1757 to 1760. At the outbreak of the Revolution he fled to Canada, and thence went with the British troops who took possession of New York City in September, 1776; he remained there some time, and became manager of a theatre. He joined Brant, and participated in some of the bloody outrages in the Mohawk Valley. In 1779 he fought with the Indians against Sullivan. He died in London, March 5, 1788.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York City (search)
ts Provincial Congress met it could only conform to the advice. All parties seemed to tacitly agree to a truce in the use of force. There was respect shown towards the crown officers of every kind, and everything that could possibly be done, with honor, was done to avoid collision and make reconciliation possible. The British ship-of-war Asia was allowed supplies of provisions. The Provincial Congress disapproved the act of the people in seizing the King's arms; offered protection to Guy Johnson, the Indian agent, if he would promise neutrality on the part of the Indians; and, while they sent to the patriots of Massachusetts the expression of their warmest wishes for the cause of liberty in America, they labored hard for the restoration of harmony between the colonies and Great Britain. This timid or temporizing policy was the fruit of a large infusion of the Tory element that marked the aristocratic portion of the inhabitants of New York. In playing the role of peace-maker the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newspapers. (search)
mportant calling. What was at the beginning of this century the occupation of gossips in taverns and at street corners, had by the middle of the century risen to the rank of a new industry, requiring large capital and a huge plant. We read a great deal about the wonderful growth of the woollen and cotton manufacture since the application of steam to the powerloom and the spinning-jenny; but it is safe to say that these things, could they have foreseen them, would not have amazed Burke and Johnson nearly as much as the conversion of news, as they understood it, into the raw material of such factories as the great newspaper offices of our day. That coffee-house babble could ever be made to yield huge dividends and build up great fortunes is something they would have refused to believe. Of course, this development of newsgathering side by side with the criticism and comment took place with different degrees of rapidity in different countries. The news-gathering grew in the direct r
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newton, Hubert Anson 1830- (search)
; born in Sherburne, N. Y., March 19, 1830; graduated at Yale College in 1850; took post-graduate course in higher mathematics; became instructor in Yale in 1853; and was Professor of Mathematics there from 1855 till his death, Aug. 30, 1896. He achieved a high reputation by his discoveries respecting the laws of comets and meteorids and their connection. In 1833 Professor Olmsted announced the hypothesis that the meteors were part of a line of bodies revolving around the sun in a fixed orbit. To the development of this theory Professor Newton gave the greater part of his life. Of fifty-six publications up to 1893, twenty-nine treat of this and closely allied subjects. He also published papers on life insurance and statistics on the metric systems; articles on meteors in the Encyclopaedia Britannica and Johnson's universal Cyclopaedia; definitions in astronomy and mathematics in the International dictionary, etc. For many years he was an editor of The American journal of Science.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
h the rebellion in that colony. To Dunmore 3,000 stand of arms, with 200 rounds of powder and ball for each musket, together with four pieces of light artillery, were instantly shipped. An order was also sent directly, in the King's name, to Guy Johnson, agent among the Six Nations, to seek immediate assistance from the Iroquois Confederacy. Lose no time, so ran the order; induce them to take up the hatchet against his Majesty's rebellious subjects in America. It is a service of very great importance; fail not to exert every effort that may tend to accomplish it; use the utmost diligence and activity. Johnson was promised an ample supply of arms and ammunition from Quebec. As early as the summer of 1776, intimations reached the Americans that the British ministry had devised a grand scheme for dividing the colonies, and so to effect their positive weakness and easy conquest. It contemplated the seizure of the valleys of the Hudson River and Lake Champlain, and the establishm
l we be, if the mother country will allow us the free enjoyment of our rights, and indulge us in the pleasing employment of aggrandizing her. The most appalling danger proceeded from the Indians of the northwest, whom it was now known Canadian emissaries were seeking to influence. The hateful office fell naturally into the hands of La Come, Hamilton, the lieutenant governor for Detroit, and others, who were most ready to serve the bad passions of those from whom they expected favors. Guy Johnson was also carefully removing the American missionaries from the Six Nations. Countervailing measures were required for immediate security. Dartmouth college, a new and defenceless institution of charity on the frontier, where children of the Six Nations received Christian training, was threatened with an army of savages; its president, Eleazer Wheelock, sent, therefore, as the first envoy from New England, the young preacher James Dean, who was a great master of the language of the Iro
to detain the people as hostages; Gage Chap XXX.} 1775. April. therefore soon violated his pledge; and many respected citizens, children whose fathers were absent, widows, unemployed mechanics, persons who had no protectors to provide for their escape, remained in town to share the hardships of a siege, ill provided, and exposed to the insults of an exasperated enemy. Words cannot describe their sufferings. Connecticut still hoped for a cessation of hostilities, and for that purpose, Johnson, so long its agent abroad, esteemed by public men in England for his moderation and ability, repaired as one of its envoys to Boston; but Gage only replied by a narrative which added new falsehoods to those of Smith and Percy. By a temperate answer he might have confused New England; the effrontery of his assertions, made against the clearest evidence, shut out the hope of an agreement. No choice was left to the Massachusetts committee of safety but to drive out the British army, or per
cking the rebellion on the ability of his governor to arm Indians and negroes enough to make up the deficiency. This plan of operations bears the special impress of George the Third. At the north, the king called to mind that he might rely upon the attachment of his faithful allies, the Six Nations of Indians, and he turned to them for immediate assistance. To insure the fulfilment of his wishes, the order to engage them was sent directly in his name to the unscrupulous Indian agent, Guy Johnson, whose functions were made independent of Carleton. Lose no time, it was said; induce them to take up the hatchet against his majesty's rebellious subjects in America. It is a service of very great importance; fail not to exert every effort that may tend to accomplish it; use the utmost diligence and activity. It was also the opinion at court, that the next word from Boston would be that of some lively action, for General Gage would wish to make sure of his revenge. The sympathy f
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